Inicio  > Crisis > Haiti earthquake 2010

FAO in emergencies app

Download now!

Connect with us

Haiti earthquake

Haiti earthquake 2010

On 12 January 2010, Haiti and subsequent aftershocks have left Port-au-Prince and villages in its surroundings in ruins, displaced an estimated 1.7 million people and injured or killed hundreds of thousands. An estimated 482 349 people moved into rural areas, placing even greater strain on already vulnerable rural households. This movement of people worsened the situation in rural areas with nearly 600 new settlements established in rural areas since the earthquake. Seventy-five percent of the population was living in rural zones (prior to the earthquake) and depend on agriculture.

The damages to the agricultural sector caused by the earthquake was mostly related to the silt of irrigated plots and cracking of irrigation canals. According to a FAO rapid post-disaster assessment, over 80 percent of rural housing has been severely affected by the earthquake and the houses in the Léogane watershed are completely destroyed. Moreover, there has been a decrease in the volume of irrigation water available in the concerned municipalities of Gressier, Léogane and Grand Goave, affecting especially the plots of beans. There has also been a loss of stock of seeds, tools, storage and irrigation facilities.

FAO immediate response

The FAO Emergency Operations and Rehabilitation Programme for Haiti integrated humanitarian assistance activities and structural interventions to support the Government of Haiti Programme of Action to rebuild the agricultural sector, improve food security and create employment and livelihood opportunities for the rural population and internally displaced people moving to rural areas as a result of the earthquake.

The focus of FAO activities for immediate support to Haiti post-earthquake included: distribution of seeds, hand tools, fertilizers, small animals and fishing materials; support to husbandry and fishery activities; promotion of fruit tree crops for soil conservation; establishment of emergency seed stocks and seed storage and conservation; reconstruction and reinforcement of infrastructure (such as irrigation canals, river banks) to withstand future floods; urban and peri-urban agriculture income generation activities.

The overall objective of the FAO emergency response and rehabilitation programming for Haiti was to ensure that food security was safeguarded over the first 12-18 months on an increasingly sustainable basis, in line with the Government of Haiti Programme of Action to rebuild the agriculture sector, and working with and through the Agriculture Cluster.

FAO focused on five broad areas of intervention: (i) seed and planting material distribution to those areas and households where is known to be in short supply or low productivity; (ii) livestock support for income generation; (iii) cash for work programmes to replace and rehabilitate agricultural infrastructure while simultaneously increasing food access through markets; (iv) targeted agricultural input support to urban and peri-urban households (household gardens) to increase self-reliance in food production, improve nutrition, stimulate urban markets and support incomes; and (v) enhanced coordination of agencies supporting agricultural and food security recovery.

Related Topics

 - Since March 2011, violence in Syria has claimed hundreds of thousands of lives and injured countless civilians.As of December 2014, over 50 percent of the population has fled their homes, ...READ MORE
 - Agriculture plays an important role in Nepal’s economy, but the country’s small-scale producers face many challenges. Access to quality inputs, decent roads, irrigation and markets is patchy. Natural disasters destroy ...READ MORE
 - La seguridad en materia de semillas de los pequeños hogares rurales es a menudo puesta en riesgo por desastres naturales o causados por el hombre. Como ...read more
03/06/2010
 - La Unión Europea y la FAO, en colaboración con el Ministerio de Agricultura y Seguridad Alimentaria de Lesotho, están dando ayuda a 36 000 agricultores, más ...read more
19/05/2010
 - El Director General de la FAO, Jacques Diouf, realizó hoy un llamamiento para que se preste atención de forma urgente a la situación actual de la ...read more
06/05/2010
 - El cambio climático puede hacer retroceder de forma sustancial los avances logrados en la reducción de la pobreza y hacia la seguridad alimentaria en África, según ...read more
04/05/2010
 - La FAO instó hoy a un aumento de la vigilancia internacional frente a la fiebre aftosa, tras los recientes brotes en Japón y Corea del Sur. "Estamos ...read more
28/04/2010
 - Programa de asistencia a comunidades afectadas por las inundaciones en Cusco y Puno en Perú.
26/04/2010
 - La FAO está aumentando la ayuda para los pastores en Níger y Chad en medio de una creciente crisis alimentaria motivada por las escasas lluvias del ...read more
21/04/2010
 - Un grupo internacional de expertos ha advertido que aunque se conoce hoy en día mejor que nunca el papel de las aves silvestres en la propagación ...read more
23/03/2010
 - Más de un mes después del devastador terremoto que asoló Haití el pasado 12 de enero, la FAO y la organización humanitaria internacional CARE han lanzado ...read more
19/02/2010
 - Frente a la elevada volatilidad de los precios y la escasez de alimentos en Haití tras el terremoto del pasado 12 de enero, la FAO ha ...read more
15/02/2010