Accueil  > Crisis > Crisis in the Horn of Africa

FAO in emergencies app

Download now!

Connect with us

Crisis in the Horn of Africa

Crisis in the Horn of Africa

Crisis in the Horn of Africa

In 2011, the Horn of Africa (HoA) faced one of the driest years since 1950/51, causing a food crisis that escalated into famine in parts of the region, such as southern Somalia. By the end of July 2011, some 12.4 million people were in need of urgent assistance not only to save their lives, but also to recover their livelihoods; this number nearly doubled in the subsequent months given the rapid deterioration of the situation.

In order to both respond to the crisis and ensure that communities are better equipped to cope with droughts in the future, FAO has assisted local populations and governments with:

  • Rehabilitating water sources and establishing small-scale irrigation systems
  • Distributing seeds, tools and other agricultural inputs
  • Providing plant and animal disease control
  • Carrying out animal vaccination campaigns
  • Supporting coordination of food and nutrition security strategies, conducting real-time analysis of changing conditions and issuing timely reports of the current status of hazards, risks and vulnerabilities in the region
  • Implementing cash-for-work activities

About 80 percent of people in HoA rely on agriculture and pastoralism as their primary source of food and income. In the fight against hunger, it is essential that more focus be placed on restoring, protecting and strengthening the means of agriculture and pastoral dependent groups to continue their way of life and to increase their resilience to future climatic shocks.

Compared to the beginning of the 1990s, productivity in some parts of the region (for staple food crops per land area) has strongly increased. However, with rapid population growth, reduced arable land by subsistence farmers and migration to marginal lands, the deepening effects of climate change and continued marginalization of Horn of African economies in the global economy, there is increased pressure on the Horn’s relatively scarce resources. The situation has been exacerbated by high local cereal prices, excessive livestock mortality, conflict and restricted humanitarian access in some areas, which contribute to the challenges in the efforts to break the cycle of food insecurity.

Drought is a chronic hazard in the region, and has been for centuries. Pastoralism, and in particular agropastoralism, is a dynamic and sustainable livelihood system that has adapted to the particularly harsh conditions in many areas of the HoA. In fact, about 80 percent of the people in this region rely on agriculture and pastoralism as their primary source of food and income. In the fight against hunger, it is essential that more focus be placed on restoring, protecting and strengthening the means of agriculture and pastoral dependent groups to continue their way of life and to increase their resilience to future climatic shocks. 

The provision of agricultural assistance promotes stability and thus prevents food crises from worsening in these affected countries, while also limiting the negative impact of further reductions in food supplies. It also contributes to preventing displacement, unemployment, the sale of productive assets, the worsening of health indicators and dependence on food aid and other forms of relief assistance.

Related Topics

 -  In the past El Niño 2015-16 Since September 2019, Ethiopia has been responding to a Desert Locust invasion in five regional states – Afar, Amhara, Oromia, Tigray and Somali. To date, hopper ...READ MORE
 -  In northeastern Nigeria, the Boko Haram insurgency has led to heightened levels of displacement and food insecurity. While humanitarian access is improving, most displaced families still rely on vulnerable host ...READ MORE
 - Le Fonds humanitaire afghan (AHF) a contribué à hauteur de 9,5 millions de dollars à un projet mené par la FAO dont l'objectif est de renforcer ...read more
19/11/2019
 - La région de La Guajira, à l’extrême nord de la Colombie, est sèche avec des paysages désertiques. Elle est aussi sujette à la sécheresse et à ...read more
11/11/2019
 - Le conflit au Yémen a augmenté depuis Mars 2015, aggravant une crise humanitaire prolongée déjà sévère.
05/11/2019
 - Selon la dernière analyse du Cadre intégré de classification de la sécurité alimentaire (octobre 2018), 1,9 million de personnes en République centrafricaine sont en situation d’insécurité ...read more
04/11/2019
 - Depuis la crise militaro-politique de 2013 en République centrafricaine, les conflits entre groupes armés ont conduit au morcellement du pays et à la détérioration du lien ...read more
04/11/2019
 - La République centrafricaine est dotée d’immenses ressources naturelles, le pays compte environ 16 millions d’ha de terres arables ainsi que d’importantes réserves en eau propice à ...read more
04/11/2019
 - La variabilité des écosystèmes permet à la République centrafricaine de disposer d’une diversité biologique riche, composée de différents types de végétation: la forêt dense humide, les ...read more
04/11/2019
 - Avec environ 16 millions d’ha de pâturage, largement sous exploités, presque autant de terres cultivables et un réseau hydrographique dense et présent sur tout le territoire ...read more
04/11/2019
 - Près de 45 millions de personnes se retrouveront en situation de grave insécurité alimentaire d'ici les prochains mois dans les 16 pays formant la Communauté de ...read more
31/10/2019
 - Avec les contributions du Royaume de Suède, la FAO a prévu la distribution du cash inconditionnel à 10 000 ménages pendant la période de soudure en ...read more
29/10/2019
« Précédente 1 2 3 4 5 ... 112