Accueil  > Crisis > Crisis in the Horn of Africa

FAO in emergencies app

Download now!

Connect with us

Crisis in the Horn of Africa

Crisis in the Horn of Africa

Crisis in the Horn of Africa

In 2011, the Horn of Africa (HoA) faced one of the driest years since 1950/51, causing a food crisis that escalated into famine in parts of the region, such as southern Somalia. By the end of July 2011, some 12.4 million people were in need of urgent assistance not only to save their lives, but also to recover their livelihoods; this number nearly doubled in the subsequent months given the rapid deterioration of the situation.

In order to both respond to the crisis and ensure that communities are better equipped to cope with droughts in the future, FAO has assisted local populations and governments with:

  • Rehabilitating water sources and establishing small-scale irrigation systems
  • Distributing seeds, tools and other agricultural inputs
  • Providing plant and animal disease control
  • Carrying out animal vaccination campaigns
  • Supporting coordination of food and nutrition security strategies, conducting real-time analysis of changing conditions and issuing timely reports of the current status of hazards, risks and vulnerabilities in the region
  • Implementing cash-for-work activities

About 80 percent of people in HoA rely on agriculture and pastoralism as their primary source of food and income. In the fight against hunger, it is essential that more focus be placed on restoring, protecting and strengthening the means of agriculture and pastoral dependent groups to continue their way of life and to increase their resilience to future climatic shocks.

Compared to the beginning of the 1990s, productivity in some parts of the region (for staple food crops per land area) has strongly increased. However, with rapid population growth, reduced arable land by subsistence farmers and migration to marginal lands, the deepening effects of climate change and continued marginalization of Horn of African economies in the global economy, there is increased pressure on the Horn’s relatively scarce resources. The situation has been exacerbated by high local cereal prices, excessive livestock mortality, conflict and restricted humanitarian access in some areas, which contribute to the challenges in the efforts to break the cycle of food insecurity.

Drought is a chronic hazard in the region, and has been for centuries. Pastoralism, and in particular agropastoralism, is a dynamic and sustainable livelihood system that has adapted to the particularly harsh conditions in many areas of the HoA. In fact, about 80 percent of the people in this region rely on agriculture and pastoralism as their primary source of food and income. In the fight against hunger, it is essential that more focus be placed on restoring, protecting and strengthening the means of agriculture and pastoral dependent groups to continue their way of life and to increase their resilience to future climatic shocks. 

The provision of agricultural assistance promotes stability and thus prevents food crises from worsening in these affected countries, while also limiting the negative impact of further reductions in food supplies. It also contributes to preventing displacement, unemployment, the sale of productive assets, the worsening of health indicators and dependence on food aid and other forms of relief assistance.

Related Topics

 - In Burundi, acute vulnerabilities persist with 65 percent of the population living below the poverty line. The effects of climate hazards and insecurity continue to significantly affect agricultural production in ...READ MORE
 -  In the past Crisis in the Sahel The humanitarian situation in Mali remains extremely fragile. In a context of structural weaknesses and chronic poverty, conflict and natural disasters are the main drivers ...READ MORE
 - La FAO travaille à développer un système de suivi, d'alerte précoce et de cartographie des risques visant à aider les agriculteurs à gérer les espèces invasives ...read more
14/06/2018
 - A travers l'Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture (FAO), la Suède viendra en aide aux agriculteurs et aux éleveurs frappés par la sécheresse au ...read more
31/05/2018
 - L'Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture (FAO) a lancé un appel de fonds de 8,3 millions de dollars afin de venir en aide aux ...read more
04/05/2018
 - Imaginez qu’une maladie décime vos animaux et réduise à néant vos moyens de subsistance en seulement quelques jours… et il n'y a pas de laboratoire dans ...read more
02/05/2018
 - Pays situé au coeur de l’Afrique, la République centrafricaine est classée parmi les pays les plus pauvres de la planète en dépit de ses fortes potentialités ...read more
26/04/2018
 - L'Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture (FAO) a exhorté les pays à participer à une Conférence internationale des donateurs pour la Syrie et à ...read more
26/04/2018
 - Le Programme alimentaire mondial (PAM) et l'Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'Alimentation et l'Agriculture (FAO) lancent un projet commun innovant pour reconstruire les moyens d'existence dévastés ...read more
19/04/2018
 - Voir les différences entre les deux analyses en déplaçant le curseur. Situation alimentaire et nutritionnelle projetée au Sahel et en Afrique de l'Ouest: pour la période juin-août ...read more
17/04/2018
 - Une situation alimentaire et nutritionnelle en détérioration sévère par endroits dans la bande sahélienne. Les participants à la concertation technique régionale sur la validation des résultats ...read more
06/04/2018
 - Situation alimentaire et nutritionnelle au Sahel et en Afrique de l'Ouest: pour la période mars-mai 2018, plus de 7,1 millions de personnes sont confrontées à la ...read more
06/04/2018