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Madagascar locust crisis
A locust plague threatens the livelihoods of 13 million people in Madagascar, nine million of whom earn a living from agriculture. Locust infestations, if untreated, could wipe out food crops and livestock grazing lands – and with it a family’s ability to provide for itself.
More than USD 40 million are needed to implement a three-year emergency programme to combat this locust plague. At least 1.5 million hectares covering two-thirds of the country could be infested by locusts by September 2013.
The heart of the locust plague is in the country’s southwestern region – an area prone to drought and cyclones, where more than 80 percent of the people live below the poverty line.
Timing is crucial
Underfunding for the locust campaigns in 2010/2011 and in 2011/2012 meant that uncontrolled locust populations were able to develop and spread quickly, destroying crops and pastures. What started as an upsurge turned into a plague.
With sufficient funding, FAO, together with the national authorities, will be able to carry out the requested large-scale aerial campaign to treat and protect 1.5 million hectares from September 2013 to June 2014 – and a total of 2.15 million hectares from 2013 until 2016.
Funding would also enable FAO to strengthen local capacity to survey, analyse and control locust crises and to monitor the impact of treatment on human health and the environment.
Funding required as for the FAO appeal of the 18 December 2012: 43.9 million*
In million USD
* The budget for the three-year programme required adjustment from the previous estimate of USD 41.5 million to USD 43.9 million based on current (actual) market prices of inputs and services required for the first campaign.