Inicio  > Crisis > Pakistan floods 2010

FAO in emergencies app

Download now!

Connect with us

Pakistan floods 2010

Pakistan floods 2010

The 2010 floods in Pakistan were one of the most devastating natural disasters of our times – described as a slow motion tsunami. Beginning in late July, unexpectedly severe monsoon rains caused flash and riverine floods which combined to affect almost one-fifth of the country’s land mass, an area larger than Greece.

The humanitarian impact was immense. The disaster affected more than 20 million people, claimed nearly 2 000 lives and destroyed 1.6 million homes and key infrastructure in 78 districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Gilgit Baltistan, Azad Jammu Kashmir, Balochistan, Punjab and Sindh.

Agriculture – the basic livelihood for 80 percent of the affected population – was hardest hit, with the loss of 2.4 million hectares of unharvested crops, and damages estimated at USD 5.1 billion. The devastated area included a large portion of Pakistan’s most fertile land, including the breadbasket province of Punjab, and already vulnerable communities.

The disaster struck at a crucial point in the agricultural calendar. Not only was it just before the harvest of spring (kharif) planted crops, such as cotton, rice, maize, vegetables and sugar cane, but was also within weeks of the critical winter wheat (rabi) planting season. Livestock surviving the flood waters lacked feed, veterinary support and shelter. With existing and future sources of food and income washed away, there was urgency to prevent a domino effect, compounding already severe losses.

Rising to the challenge

It was vital to ensure existing heavy losses were not compounded further. Farmers needed quality seeds to plant wheat – the country’s largest staple crop – from October to December, as well as inputs to prevent further livestock deaths. On-farm irrigation structures needed cleaning and repair to ensure the survival of future crops. The response required extensive coordination, planning and a sustained effort in a very constrained timeframe.

In this race against time, FAO and partners working together in the Agriculture Cluster reached over 10 million people – equivalent to 1.4 million farming families – across Pakistan within six months. This achievement was the result of unprecedented collaboration among humanitarian and governmental partners, strong connections with local communities and rapid support from the donor community. Through these efforts, vital livestock resources were preserved and the wheat planting season was possible, rather than delayed by a year.

Related Topics

 - Since March 2011, violence in Syria has claimed hundreds of thousands of lives and injured countless civilians.As of December 2014, over 50 percent of the population has fled their homes, ...READ MORE
 - Agriculture plays an important role in Nepal’s economy, but the country’s small-scale producers face many challenges. Access to quality inputs, decent roads, irrigation and markets is patchy. Natural disasters destroy ...READ MORE
 - La Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Agricultura y la Alimentación (FAO) y el Programa Mundial de Alimentos (PMA) han lanzado una plataforma para la ...read more
15/04/2011
 - El impacto sobre la seguridad alimentaria de la actual crisis en Libia es motivo de una seria preocupación en este país y sus países vecinos debido ...read more
11/03/2011
 - Ante el aumento en curso de los precios de los alimentos, la FAO, en colaboración con las partes interesadas, realizará una serie de seminarios en África, ...read more
08/03/2011
 - Si las mujeres en las zonas rurales tuvieran el mismo acceso que los hombres a la tierra, la tecnología, los servicios financieros, la educación y los ...read more
07/03/2011
 - Las inundaciones y las tormentas han dañado miles de hectáreas de tierras agrícolas y cultivos en algunas partes del África austral, y pueden producirse más daños ...read more
07/02/2011
 - Un año después, las repercusiones del devastador terremoto que sufrió Haití continúan dejándose sentir en las zonas rurales, agravadas por la actual epidemia de cólera y ...read more
11/01/2011
 - Entrevista sobre el terremoto de Haití con Javier Escobedo, especialista de la FAO en agricultura y gestión de riesgos (Radio ONU).
11/01/2011
 - Una parte importante de la cosecha de arroz en el noroeste de Haití podría perderse debido al temor de los campesinos a contagiarse de cólera, según ...read more
29/12/2010
 - Unos cinco millones de personas que viven en la República Democrática de Corea (DPRK, por sus siglas en inglés) seguirán padeciendo escasez de alimentos pese a ...read more
16/11/2010
 - La FAO ha comenzado en Pakistán la distribución a gran escala de semillas de trigo que beneficiarán a más de medio millón de familias campesinas, el ...read more
27/10/2010