Accueil  > Crisis > Pakistan floods 2010

FAO in emergencies app

Download now!

Connect with us

Pakistan floods 2010

Pakistan floods 2010

The 2010 floods in Pakistan were one of the most devastating natural disasters of our times – described as a slow motion tsunami. Beginning in late July, unexpectedly severe monsoon rains caused flash and riverine floods which combined to affect almost one-fifth of the country’s land mass, an area larger than Greece.

The humanitarian impact was immense. The disaster affected more than 20 million people, claimed nearly 2 000 lives and destroyed 1.6 million homes and key infrastructure in 78 districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Gilgit Baltistan, Azad Jammu Kashmir, Balochistan, Punjab and Sindh.

Agriculture – the basic livelihood for 80 percent of the affected population – was hardest hit, with the loss of 2.4 million hectares of unharvested crops, and damages estimated at USD 5.1 billion. The devastated area included a large portion of Pakistan’s most fertile land, including the breadbasket province of Punjab, and already vulnerable communities.

The disaster struck at a crucial point in the agricultural calendar. Not only was it just before the harvest of spring (kharif) planted crops, such as cotton, rice, maize, vegetables and sugar cane, but was also within weeks of the critical winter wheat (rabi) planting season. Livestock surviving the flood waters lacked feed, veterinary support and shelter. With existing and future sources of food and income washed away, there was urgency to prevent a domino effect, compounding already severe losses.

Rising to the challenge

It was vital to ensure existing heavy losses were not compounded further. Farmers needed quality seeds to plant wheat – the country’s largest staple crop – from October to December, as well as inputs to prevent further livestock deaths. On-farm irrigation structures needed cleaning and repair to ensure the survival of future crops. The response required extensive coordination, planning and a sustained effort in a very constrained timeframe.

In this race against time, FAO and partners working together in the Agriculture Cluster reached over 10 million people – equivalent to 1.4 million farming families – across Pakistan within six months. This achievement was the result of unprecedented collaboration among humanitarian and governmental partners, strong connections with local communities and rapid support from the donor community. Through these efforts, vital livestock resources were preserved and the wheat planting season was possible, rather than delayed by a year.

Related Topics

 - Since March 2011, violence in Syria has claimed hundreds of thousands of lives and injured countless civilians.As of December 2014, over 50 percent of the population has fled their homes, ...READ MORE
 - Agriculture plays an important role in Nepal’s economy, but the country’s small-scale producers face many challenges. Access to quality inputs, decent roads, irrigation and markets is patchy. Natural disasters destroy ...READ MORE
 - Le mois d’avril 2016 semble avoir été marqué par une pluviosité faible à très faible dans toute la Grande-Île. Les relevés du Centre national antiacridien (CNA) indiquaient ...read more
09/08/2016
 - Le mois de mars 2016 semble avoir été marqué par une forte pluviosité (supérieure à 150 mm) au nord du 18ème parallèle et une pluviosité moyenne, ...read more
03/08/2016
 - Un rapport élaboré par les deux agences onusiennes alerte sur le sort de millions de personnes vivant dans les 17 pays touchés par des conflits prolongés ...read more
29/07/2016
 - Avant que ne commence les préparations du sol pour la campagne principale dans quelques semaines, près de 23 millions de personnes en Afrique australe ont besoin ...read more
28/07/2016
 - Diagnostic Durant la 3ème décade de février 2016, selon les relevés du Centre national antiacridien et les besoins du Criquet migrateur malgache solitaire, la pluviosité favorable se ...read more
26/07/2016
 - Insécurité alimentaire aiguë en République centrafricaine an Mars 2016.
21/07/2016
 - Le manuel de la FAO et du HCR offre de nouvelles possibilités visant à aider les populations déplacées à accéder aux combustibles destinés à la cuisine. ...read more
21/07/2016
 - Des millions de personnes souffrant de la faim au Soudan du Sud seront au bord de la catastrophe si de nouveaux actes de violence font échouer ...read more
16/07/2016
 - Les pays d'Afrique de l'Ouest et centrale sont en alerte alors que le virus H5N1, une grippe aviaire hautement pathogène, continue de se propager dans la ...read more
13/07/2016
 - Les gouvernements et la communauté internationale doivent intensifier leurs efforts pour mettre fin à la souffrance des populations, renforcer la résilience et protéger les moyens d'existence ...read more
06/07/2016