Accueil  > Crisis > Pakistan floods 2010

FAO in emergencies app

Download now!

Recent Appeals

Documents

Projects

Other Resources

Connect with us

Pakistan floods 2010

Pakistan floods 2010

The 2010 floods in Pakistan were one of the most devastating natural disasters of our times – described as a slow motion tsunami. Beginning in late July, unexpectedly severe monsoon rains caused flash and riverine floods which combined to affect almost one-fifth of the country’s land mass, an area larger than Greece.

The humanitarian impact was immense. The disaster affected more than 20 million people, claimed nearly 2 000 lives and destroyed 1.6 million homes and key infrastructure in 78 districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Gilgit Baltistan, Azad Jammu Kashmir, Balochistan, Punjab and Sindh.

Agriculture – the basic livelihood for 80 percent of the affected population – was hardest hit, with the loss of 2.4 million hectares of unharvested crops, and damages estimated at USD 5.1 billion. The devastated area included a large portion of Pakistan’s most fertile land, including the breadbasket province of Punjab, and already vulnerable communities.

The disaster struck at a crucial point in the agricultural calendar. Not only was it just before the harvest of spring (kharif) planted crops, such as cotton, rice, maize, vegetables and sugar cane, but was also within weeks of the critical winter wheat (rabi) planting season. Livestock surviving the flood waters lacked feed, veterinary support and shelter. With existing and future sources of food and income washed away, there was urgency to prevent a domino effect, compounding already severe losses.

Rising to the challenge

It was vital to ensure existing heavy losses were not compounded further. Farmers needed quality seeds to plant wheat – the country’s largest staple crop – from October to December, as well as inputs to prevent further livestock deaths. On-farm irrigation structures needed cleaning and repair to ensure the survival of future crops. The response required extensive coordination, planning and a sustained effort in a very constrained timeframe.

In this race against time, FAO and partners working together in the Agriculture Cluster reached over 10 million people – equivalent to 1.4 million farming families – across Pakistan within six months. This achievement was the result of unprecedented collaboration among humanitarian and governmental partners, strong connections with local communities and rapid support from the donor community. Through these efforts, vital livestock resources were preserved and the wheat planting season was possible, rather than delayed by a year.

Related Topics

 - Since March 2011, violence in Syria has claimed over 100 000 lives and injured countless civilians.Over 40 percent of the population has fled their homes, including 6.5 million people displaced ...READ MORE
 - Agriculture plays an important role in Nepal’s economy, but the country’s small-scale producers face many challenges. Access to quality inputs, decent roads, irrigation and markets is patchy. Natural disasters destroy ...READ MORE
 - Réponse stratégique La priorité absolue de la FAO et de tous les partenaires de l’ONU est d’endiguer l’épidémie et de mettre un terme aux pertes tragiques en ...read more
16/01/2015
 - Réponse stratégique Les préoccupations les plus urgentes exprimées par les femmes et les hommes interrogés étaient la menace imminente de transmission du virus et le besoin de ...read more
16/01/2015
 - Ces deux cartes illustrent l’amélioration de la situation acridienne à Madagascar après une année d’opérations aériennes de grande envergure.   Légende   En dehors de l'aire de distribution du Criquet ...read more
15/01/2015
 - Durant la 1ère décade de novembre, les informations pluviométriques restaient hétérogènes : les estimations de FEWS-NET indiquaient qu'au nord d'une ligne reliant Mandritsara (AINS-HT) à Vangaindrano (AIE-C), ...read more
14/01/2015
 - Pour la FAO, la préparation consiste à mettre en place des mesures pour anticiper, répondre et se récupérer efficacement à l’impact des catastrophes sur les différentes ...read more
12/01/2015
 - Au sommaire: Situation Epidémiologique de la Maladie à Virus Ebola. Restitution des résultats du rapport de l’évaluation rapide de l’impact d’Ebola sur l’agriculture et la sécurité alimentaire. Ebola : ...read more
12/01/2015
 - Les déplacements des éleveurs de bétail et de leurs troupeaux fuyant les conflits armés au Sud-Soudan ont entraîné l'apparition de nouveaux foyers de maladies animales et ...read more
01/01/2015
 - La FAO et ses partenaires sont d'avis qu'un effort mondial est nécessaire pour prévenir la propagation rapide de la fusariose, une maladie mortelle pour les ...read more
26/12/2014
 - Dans l’Aire d’invasion, les traitements, commencés le 17 octobre avec le début de la saison des pluies et les premières reproductions du Criquet migrateur malgache, ont ...read more
23/12/2014
 - Dix ans après que la pire catastrophe naturelle de l'histoire récente ait déferlé sur le littoral des pays du Sud et du Sud-Est asiatique, les pays ...read more
22/12/2014