Accueil  > Crisis > Pakistan floods 2010

FAO in emergencies app

Download now!

Connect with us

Pakistan floods 2010

Pakistan floods 2010

The 2010 floods in Pakistan were one of the most devastating natural disasters of our times – described as a slow motion tsunami. Beginning in late July, unexpectedly severe monsoon rains caused flash and riverine floods which combined to affect almost one-fifth of the country’s land mass, an area larger than Greece.

The humanitarian impact was immense. The disaster affected more than 20 million people, claimed nearly 2 000 lives and destroyed 1.6 million homes and key infrastructure in 78 districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Gilgit Baltistan, Azad Jammu Kashmir, Balochistan, Punjab and Sindh.

Agriculture – the basic livelihood for 80 percent of the affected population – was hardest hit, with the loss of 2.4 million hectares of unharvested crops, and damages estimated at USD 5.1 billion. The devastated area included a large portion of Pakistan’s most fertile land, including the breadbasket province of Punjab, and already vulnerable communities.

The disaster struck at a crucial point in the agricultural calendar. Not only was it just before the harvest of spring (kharif) planted crops, such as cotton, rice, maize, vegetables and sugar cane, but was also within weeks of the critical winter wheat (rabi) planting season. Livestock surviving the flood waters lacked feed, veterinary support and shelter. With existing and future sources of food and income washed away, there was urgency to prevent a domino effect, compounding already severe losses.

Rising to the challenge

It was vital to ensure existing heavy losses were not compounded further. Farmers needed quality seeds to plant wheat – the country’s largest staple crop – from October to December, as well as inputs to prevent further livestock deaths. On-farm irrigation structures needed cleaning and repair to ensure the survival of future crops. The response required extensive coordination, planning and a sustained effort in a very constrained timeframe.

In this race against time, FAO and partners working together in the Agriculture Cluster reached over 10 million people – equivalent to 1.4 million farming families – across Pakistan within six months. This achievement was the result of unprecedented collaboration among humanitarian and governmental partners, strong connections with local communities and rapid support from the donor community. Through these efforts, vital livestock resources were preserved and the wheat planting season was possible, rather than delayed by a year.

Related Topics

 - Since March 2011, violence in Syria has claimed hundreds of thousands of lives and injured countless civilians.As of December 2014, over 50 percent of the population has fled their homes, ...READ MORE
 - Agriculture plays an important role in Nepal’s economy, but the country’s small-scale producers face many challenges. Access to quality inputs, decent roads, irrigation and markets is patchy. Natural disasters destroy ...READ MORE
 - Du 15 au 17 décembre, l’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture (FAO) a convié les acteurs de la filière avicole d’Afrique de l’Ouest et ...read more
17/12/2015
 - Diagnostic Durant la 1ère décade de novembre 2015, selon les relevés du Centre national antiacridien, l’Aire grégarigène a reçu une pluviosité importante susceptible d’enrayer l’aridité. Dans l’Aire ...read more
16/12/2015
 - Situation alimentaire et nutritionnelle au Sahel et en Afrique de l'Ouest du 01/10 au 31/12/2015.
14/12/2015
 - Situation acridienne La saison des pluies est installée depuis fin octobre et les conditions éco-météorologiques sont donc devenues progressivement favorables au développement du Criquet migrateur malgache au ...read more
14/12/2015
 - Durant le mois d’octobre 2015, les premières pluies importantes ont été enregistrées à partir de la 3ème décade. Les sols seraient alors devenus humides, au moins ...read more
10/12/2015
 - Sauter des repas, migrer pour trouver du travail, emprunter pour faire face aux besoins de première nécessité, vendre les biens du ménage et les véhicules, abattre ...read more
07/12/2015
 - Lancement de la troisième et dernière campagne antiacridienne La troisième et dernière campagne antiacridienne (2015/16) du Programme triennal (2013-2016) de réponse à l’invasion acridienne mis en oeuvre ...read more
30/11/2015
 - This study assesses the impact of medium to large scale natural hazards and disasters on the agriculture sector and subsectors in developing countries between 2003 and ...read more
26/11/2015
 - La fréquence et la gravité des sécheresses, inondations, tempêtes et autres calamités induites par le changement climatique se sont intensifiées au cours des trente dernières années, ...read more
26/11/2015
 - Durant le mois de septembre 2015, la pluviosité était encore très faible (inférieure à 15 mm), voire nulle, dans la Grande-Île, sauf dans quelques localités de ...read more
25/11/2015