Inicio  > Crisis > Sahel crisis > FAO and the Sahel crisis

Sahel crisis

The Sahel crisis

Despite continuous efforts of governments and partners to address food insecurity and malnutrition in the Sahel, an estimated 29.2 million people were food insecure, including 9.4 million suffering from severe food insecurity who are likely to experience extreme food deficits (Phase 3 of the Cadre harmonisé).

In a context of chronic poverty and high population growth, insecurity and climatic hazards remained the key drivers of growing humanitarian needs. Repeated shocks, including droughts and floods, have led to the disruption of the livelihoods of the most vulnerable.

Unprecedented levels of population displacements due to insecurity across the region, especially in the Lake Chad basin (Cameroon, Chad, the Niger and Nigeria) and Mali, as well as in neighbouring countries (the Central African Republic and the Sudan) exacerbated the challenges faced by vulnerable populations. As a result of Boko Haram-related violence, more than 6 million people were food insecure in the Lake Chad basin. Displaced people were deprived of their livelihoods and often rely on the limited food reserves and resources of their host communities. In order to meet their most urgent needs, they turned to survival strategies, such as contracting debts and reducing the number of daily meals. Most of them lost their productive assets and faced with very limited livelihood options.

The priority was to ensure that farmers were provided with time-critical inputs including seeds and fertilizers for the off-season vegetable production, as well as for irrigated crops focused on the production of cereals, pulses and tuber. In addition, the provision of veterinary care and animal feed was crucial to prevent animal losses.

FAO also aimed to address the underlying causes of vulnerability to enhance the resilience of populations in the region, with activities such as the production of varieties of seeds adapted to climate change, or the rehabilitation of degraded land. Support to food security analysis and early warning was also crucial to help countries and communities prepare for risks and future shocks, and improve the resilience of food and agricultural systems in the Sahel.

Related Topics

 - Cox’s Bazar is a vulnerable district in southeastern Bangladesh where the level of food insecurity is alarming. The district is home to 2.65 million Bangladeshis, and it hosts the largest ...READ MORE
 -  In the past Drought in the Horn of Africa El Niño 2015-16 Since June 2019, Ethiopia has been responding to a desert locust invasion in six regions – Afar, Amhara, Dire Dawa, Oromia, ...READ MORE
 - La Organización para la Alimentación y la Agricultura de Naciones Unidas en Perú, a través de su Unidad de Emergencias y con fondos del Gobierno de ...read more
31/07/2008
 - La FAO pide 33,5 millones de USD para ayudar a los pequeños agricultores y pescadores a restablecer sus medios de subsistencia. Con la principal temporada de siembra en ...read more
17/07/2008
 - El número de víctimas del hambre en el mundo aumentó en 2007 en unos 50 millones de personas como resultado de los elevados precios de los ...read more
03/07/2008
 - Más de 30 millones de personas afectadas en áreas rurales de China. El sector agrícola en la provincia china de Sichuan ha sufrido daños ingentes, valorados en ...read more
30/06/2008
 - La FAO ha iniciado actividades de emergencia por valor de 17 millones de dólares EE.UU. para hacer frente a los máximos históricos alcanzados por los precios de ...read more
04/06/2008
 - Tras señalar que ya no hay tiempo para seguir hablando y que es necesario actuar con urgencia, el Director General de la FAO, Jacques Diouf, solicitó ...read more
03/06/2008
 - La amenaza del hambre puede agravarse en algunos paises pobres. Los precios elevados de los alimentos han afectado en particular a muchos países en donde la ...read more
22/05/2008
 - La situación empeora para los pobres urbanos y campesinos afectados por la sequía. La situación humanitaria en Somalia se está deteriorando con rapidez debido al alza ...read more
19/05/2008
 - Se necesitan con urgencia 10 millones de dólares para ayudar a las comunidades agrícolas y pesqueras pobres. La Organización de la ONU para la Agricultura y ...read more
09/05/2008
 - Declaración del Director General de la FAO, Jacques Diouf, tras el anuncio del Presidente George W. Bush de una petición al Congreso de EE.UU. para aprobar ...read more
05/05/2008