Inicio  > Crisis > Sahel crisis > FAO and the Sahel crisis

Sahel crisis

The Sahel crisis

Despite continuous efforts of governments and partners to address food insecurity and malnutrition in the Sahel, an estimated 29.2 million people were food insecure, including 9.4 million suffering from severe food insecurity who are likely to experience extreme food deficits (Phase 3 of the Cadre harmonisé).

In a context of chronic poverty and high population growth, insecurity and climatic hazards remained the key drivers of growing humanitarian needs. Repeated shocks, including droughts and floods, have led to the disruption of the livelihoods of the most vulnerable.

Unprecedented levels of population displacements due to insecurity across the region, especially in the Lake Chad basin (Cameroon, Chad, the Niger and Nigeria) and Mali, as well as in neighbouring countries (the Central African Republic and the Sudan) exacerbated the challenges faced by vulnerable populations. As a result of Boko Haram-related violence, more than 6 million people were food insecure in the Lake Chad basin. Displaced people were deprived of their livelihoods and often rely on the limited food reserves and resources of their host communities. In order to meet their most urgent needs, they turned to survival strategies, such as contracting debts and reducing the number of daily meals. Most of them lost their productive assets and faced with very limited livelihood options.

The priority was to ensure that farmers were provided with time-critical inputs including seeds and fertilizers for the off-season vegetable production, as well as for irrigated crops focused on the production of cereals, pulses and tuber. In addition, the provision of veterinary care and animal feed was crucial to prevent animal losses.

FAO also aimed to address the underlying causes of vulnerability to enhance the resilience of populations in the region, with activities such as the production of varieties of seeds adapted to climate change, or the rehabilitation of degraded land. Support to food security analysis and early warning was also crucial to help countries and communities prepare for risks and future shocks, and improve the resilience of food and agricultural systems in the Sahel.

Related Topics

 - The Niger has been affected by chronic food insecurity for decades. Households’ vulnerabilities continue to be exacerbated by recurrent shocks related to insecurity, climate and epidemics, as well as structural ...READ MORE
 -  In the past Locust crisis El Niño 2015-16 Madagascar is the country most exposed to cyclones in Africa and one of the world’s most vulnerable countries to the effects of climate change. Frequent ...READ MORE
 - La FAO, desde agosto de 2007, apoya la reconstitución de los medios de producción agropecuarios y pesqueros en las zonas afectadas por el sismo en el ...read more
03/03/2008
 - Devastado el sector ganadero, en una situación agravada por el alto precio del petróleo y los cereales - El frío extremo ha devastado el sector ganadero ...read more
29/02/2008
 - Con una estación lluviosa en África Austral apenas en la mitad de su curso y excepcionalmente temprana, las fuertes precipitaciones ya han dañado las casas y ...read more
21/02/2008
 - Los proyectos se orientan al pastoreo, la pesca y la horticultura - A pesar de las restricciones que dificultan la importación de insumos fundamentales, la FAO ...read more
21/02/2008
 - Con su hijo a cuestas y acompañada de su perro, Elizabeth Mávila viene a empadronarse a la Municipalidad de Ticrapo en el departamento de Huancavelica, Perú. ...read more
11/02/2008
 - El virus continúa siendo una amenaza mundial, pero mejora notablemente la lucha contra la enfermedad - Los recientes brotes de gripe aviar en 15 países demuestran que ...read more
24/01/2008
 - La FAO pide con urgencia a los gobiernos y la comunidad internacional medidas inmediatas en apoyo a los países pobres más afectados por los drásticos aumentos ...read more
17/12/2007
 - Las escuelas de campo para los niños vulnerables afectados por la epidemia de VIH/SIDA tienen cada día un papel más importante en África subsahariana, según informó ...read more
28/11/2007
 - El sector agrícola, ganadero y pesquero en Bangladesh meridional ha sufrido enormes pérdidas a causa del ciclón Sidr, y se necesita ayuda urgente a gran escala ...read more
23/11/2007
 - El pasado 4 de Septiembre, la Región Autónoma del Atlántico Norte (RAAN) en Nicaragua fué arrasada por el Huracán Félix, que para muchos pobladores éra, sólo, ...read more
01/10/2007