Home > Crisis > Syria crisis

FAO in emergencies app

Download now!

Country information

Crop calendar

Recent Appeals

Documents

Projects

Other Resources

Connect with us

Syria needs to produce food - Image courtesy of the Sham News Network

Crisis in Syria

Since March 2011, violence in Syria has claimed hundreds of thousands of lives and injured countless civilians.

FAO URGENT
FUNDING REQUIREMENTS

  • Syria: USD 59.1 MILLION
  • Region: USD 62 MILLION

As of December 2014, over 50 percent of the population has fled their homes, including 7.6 million people displaced internally and more than 3.8 million refugees in neighbouring countries. Each day, thousands continue to cross into Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey, where needs far exceed the resources of host governments and communities. Within Syria, 12.2 million people – 67 percent of the total population – require some form of humanitarian assistance. Around 9.8 million people in Syria are food insecure, including 6.8 million in priority districts.

Reduced areas under cultivation and drought conditions within Syria in 2014 led to a 51 percent drop in cereal yield compared to the pre-crisis average (2001-2011). Livestock production is also in jeopardy as herders cannot source or afford enough animal feed, and veterinary services are no longer functioning. Many have lost their assets to conflict or been forced to abandon their fields and animals. Despite enormous challenges, agriculture remains the backbone of rural livelihoods and sustains food supply in the country.

In neighbouring host countries, most Syrian refugees are located in rural areas where agriculture is the primary source of livelihood. With the increasing availability of Syrian labour, farm wages are diminishing. Many local small-scale farmers and livestock breeders have suffered significant losses in income due to the inability to access their crops and land, reduced availability of water, increases in the cost of agricultural inputs and the loss of cross-border trading opportunities. Uncontrolled livestock movement from Syria is increasing the risk of livestock diseases and zoonoses spreading regionally.

The 2015 Syria Strategic Response Plan and 2015-16 Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan take stock of the rise in affected populations and their needs, with total funding requirements of approximately USD 2.9 billion in Syria and USD 5.5 billion in neighbouring countries.

Within the 2015 Syria Strategic Response Plan, FAO’s priorities include:

  • support staple food production;
  • increase household nutrition and income;
  • protect livestock assets; and
  • coordinate an effective food security response.

Within the 2015-16 Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan, FAO is working with partners in Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey to:

  • enhance the capacity of affected communities to use their resources and assets to increase agricultural production and incomes in more effective and sustainable ways; and
  • monitor closely and analyse data on the food and nutrition security situation of vulnerable households to inform decision-making and resilience-based programming.

Related Topics

 - Since March 2011, violence in Syria has claimed hundreds of thousands of lives and injured countless civilians.As of December 2014, over 50 percent of the population has fled their homes, ...READ MORE
 - Some $121 million are urgently needed to prevent further deterioration of the food security situation and the collapse of regional food chains amidst the ongoing crisis ...read more
30/03/2015
 - FAO’s role and presence in Syria FAO is working with partners to strengthen food security and build the resilience of households, communities and institutions in Syria and ...read more
24/03/2015
 - FAO is scaling up its support to Jordan and other countries in the region affected by the humanitarian crisis in Syria that has entered its fifth ...read more
17/03/2015
 - Nearly 4 000 000 sheep, goats and cattle across Syria will be treated for parasites by FAO with the support of the Syrian Veterinary Association (SVA). ...read more
04/02/2015
 - Latest indications confirm that world cereal production will reach an all-time record of more than 2.5 billion tonnes in 2014. Buoyed by bumper crops in Europe and ...read more
12/12/2014
 - Emergency vaccination and targeted feeding of livestock grazing in areas along the Syria-Lebanon border.
05/12/2014
 - Communicated through an engaging educational info-graphics methodology, the video explores the main pillars of the UNDP resilience-based development approach, using examples of resilience from the whole ...read more
21/11/2014
 - FAO is distributing over 1 100 tonnes of wheat and barley seeds in Ar-Raqqa governorate to meet the needs of nearly 4 500 small-scale farmers for ...read more
14/10/2014
 - Four years after the start of the crisis in Syria, the UN estimates that some 6.45 million people are internally displaced. While a very small number ...read more
25/09/2014
 - Food insecurity An estimated 6.3 million people in Syria are highly vulnerable to food insecurity and in critical need of food and agriculture support. The crisis has ...read more
16/09/2014
1 2 3 4