Accueil  > Crisis > Syria crisis

FAO in emergencies app

Download now!

Country information

Crop calendar

Connect with us

Syria needs to produce food - Image courtesy of the Sham News Network

Crisis in Syria

Since March 2011, violence in Syria has claimed hundreds of thousands of lives and injured countless civilians.

FAO URGENT
FUNDING REQUIREMENTS

  • Syria: USD 59.1 MILLION
  • Region: USD 62 MILLION

Well over half of the population has fled their homes, including 7.6 million people displaced internally and nearly 4 million refugees in neighbouring Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey, where needs far exceed the resources of host governments and communities. Within Syria, around 9.8 million people are food insecure.

Four years of conflict have had a devastating impact on Syria’s agriculture sector. The violence has destroyed agricultural infrastructure, displaced farmers and disrupted regional food and agricultural input trade. Many farmers cannot access or afford once-subsidized inputs that have soared in price and degraded in quality. Livestock production is also in jeopardy as vulnerable herders cannot source or afford enough animal feed and lack veterinary services. Many have lost their assets to conflict or been forced to abandon their fields and animals. Despite enormous challenges, agriculture remains the backbone of rural livelihoods and sustains food supply in the country.

In neighbouring host countries, most Syrian refugees are located in rural areas where agriculture is the primary source of livelihood. With the increasing availability of Syrian labour, farm wages are diminishing. Many local small-scale farmers and livestock breeders have suffered significant losses in income due to the inability to access their crops and land, reduced availability of water, increases in the cost of agricultural inputs and the loss of cross-border trading opportunities. Uncontrolled livestock movement from Syria is increasing the risk of livestock diseases and zoonoses spreading regionally.

Within the 2015 Syria Strategic Response Plan, FAO’s priorities include:

  • support staple food production;
  • increase household nutrition and income;
  • protect livestock assets; and
  • coordinate an effective food security response.

Within the 2015-16 Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan, FAO is working with partners in Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey to:

  • enhance the capacity of affected communities to use their resources and assets to increase agricultural production and incomes in more effective and sustainable ways; and
  • monitor closely and analyse data on the food and nutrition security situation of vulnerable households to inform decision-making and resilience-based programming.

Related Topics

 - Since March 2011, violence in Syria has claimed hundreds of thousands of lives and injured countless civilians.As of December 2014, over 50 percent of the population has fled their homes, ...READ MORE
 - Agriculture plays an important role in Nepal’s economy, but the country’s small-scale producers face many challenges. Access to quality inputs, decent roads, irrigation and markets is patchy. Natural disasters destroy ...READ MORE
 - L’épidémiosurveillance de la faune, potentiel réservoir de maladies zoonotiques telle que la Maladie à Virus Ebola (MVE) qui frappe la Guinée depuis décembre 2013, constitue un ...read more
30/06/2015
 - Au cours de la réunion de restitution qui s’est tenue le 24 juin 2015 dans les locaux de la Représentation à Madagascar de l’Organisation des Nations ...read more
24/06/2015
 - A Gnoungouya, district de 450 habitants dont les moyens d’existence reposent sur l’agriculture, 18 personnes ont été contaminées par le virus Ebola et 9 en sont ...read more
23/06/2015
 - Une réunion de consultation régionale d’urgence de deux jours a lieu du 15 au 16 juin 2015 à Abuja, au Nigeria, pour discuter des stratégies régionales ...read more
22/06/2015
 - Diagnostic Durant la 3ème décade d’avril 2015, la pluviosité diminuait par rapport à la décade précédente, induisant un dessèchement du tapis végétal, surtout dans des biotopes xérophiles. ...read more
22/06/2015
 - Après le terrible séisme qui a frappé le Népal, quelque 20 millions de dollars sont requis d'urgence pour aider les agriculteurs népalais à reprendre leurs activités ...read more
19/06/2015
 - Au Sud-Soudan, les agences des Nations Unies et les organisations non-gouvernementales viennent d'activer en urgence un pont aérien pour distribuer des trousses de survie aux personnes ...read more
19/06/2015
 - Diagnostic Durant la 2ème décade d’avril 2015, la pluviosité diminuait par rapport à la décade précédente. Dans l’Aire grégarigène, les compartiments Nord et Centre restaient globalement favorables ...read more
15/06/2015
 - L’étude visait de manière globale à donner un aperçu général sur la transhumance en République centrafricaine et de ses conséquences pour la protection des populations, ainsi ...read more
10/06/2015
 - Diagnostic Durant la 1ère décade d’avril 2015, la pluviosité diminuait dans la majeure partie de la Grande-Île, surtout dans les parties occidentale et méridionale. Cependant, les conditions ...read more
09/06/2015