Accueil  > Crisis > Syria crisis

FAO in emergencies app

Download now!

Country information

Crop calendar

Recent Appeals

Documents

Projects

Other Resources

Connect with us

Syria needs to produce food - Image courtesy of the Sham News Network

Crisis in Syria

Since March 2011, violence in Syria has claimed hundreds of thousands of lives and injured countless civilians.

FAO URGENT
FUNDING REQUIREMENTS

  • Syria: USD 59.1 MILLION
  • Region: USD 62 MILLION

As of December 2014, over 50 percent of the population has fled their homes, including 7.6 million people displaced internally and around 3.2 million refugees in neighbouring countries. Each day, thousands continue to cross into Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey, where needs far exceed the resources of host governments and communities. Within Syria, 12.2 million people – 67 percent of the total population – require some form of humanitarian assistance. Around 9.8 million people in Syria are food insecure, including 6.8 million in priority districts.

Reduced areas under cultivation and drought conditions within Syria in 2014 led to a 51 percent drop in cereal yield compared to the pre-crisis average (2001-2011). Livestock production is also in jeopardy as herders cannot source or afford enough animal feed, and veterinary services are no longer functioning. Many have lost their assets to conflict or been forced to abandon their fields and animals. Despite enormous challenges, agriculture remains the backbone of rural livelihoods and sustains food supply in the country.

In neighbouring host countries, most Syrian refugees are located in rural areas where agriculture is the primary source of livelihood. With the increasing availability of Syrian labour, farm wages are diminishing. Many local small-scale farmers and livestock breeders have suffered significant losses in income due to the inability to access their crops and land, reduced availability of water, increases in the cost of agricultural inputs and the loss of cross-border trading opportunities. Uncontrolled livestock movement from Syria is increasing the risk of livestock diseases and zoonoses spreading regionally.

The 2015 Syria Strategic Response Plan and 2015-16 Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan take stock of the rise in affected populations and their needs, with total funding requirements of approximately USD 2.9 billion in Syria and USD 5.5 billion in neighbouring countries.

Within the 2015 Syria Strategic Response Plan, FAO’s priorities include:

  • support staple food production;
  • increase household nutrition and income;
  • protect livestock assets; and
  • coordinate an effective food security response.

Within the 2015-16 Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan, FAO is working with partners in Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey to:

  • enhance the capacity of affected communities to use their resources and assets to increase agricultural production and incomes in more effective and sustainable ways; and
  • monitor closely and analyse data on the food and nutrition security situation of vulnerable households to inform decision-making and resilience-based programming.

Related Topics

 - Since March 2011, violence in Syria has claimed hundreds of thousands of lives and injured countless civilians.As of December 2014, over 50 percent of the population has fled their homes, ...READ MORE
 - Agriculture plays an important role in Nepal’s economy, but the country’s small-scale producers face many challenges. Access to quality inputs, decent roads, irrigation and markets is patchy. Natural disasters destroy ...READ MORE
 - Le 12 Janvier 2010, la République d'Haïti a été frappée par un tremblement de terre d'une magnitude de 7,3 provoquant d'importants dégâts dans les zones urbaines et ...read more
10/04/2011
 - Du 22 au 24 mars 2011, s’est tenue dans la salle de réunion de l’Hotel Mariador Palace à Conakry/République de Guinée, la concertation régionale sur la ...read more
01/04/2011
 - La crise de 2008 sur les marchés internationaux du riz aura fortement touché l’Afrique de l‘Ouest. La région est l’un des pôles majeurs d’importation de riz ...read more
01/04/2011
 - Bulletin trimestriel d’information de l’Unité de Coordination des Urgences et de la Réhabilitation Conformément à sa mission fondamentale d’aider à construire un monde libéré de la faim, ...read more
31/03/2011
 - En Libye, l'impact de la crise actuellement en cours sur la sécurité alimentaire est source de préoccupation aussi bien pour ce pays que pour les pays ...read more
11/03/2011
 - En réponse à la hausse actuelle des prix alimentaires, la FAO organisera, en collaboration avec d'autres partenaires, une série de séminaires dans les régions Afrique, Asie-Pacifique, ...read more
08/03/2011
 - Si les femmes dans les zones rurales avaient le même accès que les hommes à la terre, aux technologies, aux services financiers, à l'instruction et aux ...read more
07/03/2011
 - Le marché céréalier dans le bassin Est, est actuellement caractérisé par une situation multiforme selon le produit considéré à cause des bonnes récoltes enregistrées, d’une baisse ...read more
01/03/2011
 - Missions Conjointes, bassins centre et ouest de l'Afrique de l'Ouest: Ghana, Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritanie, Sénégal Dans les bassins centre et ouest, les productions céréalières, maraîchères, légumineuses et ...read more
01/03/2011
 - Des milliers d'hectares de terres agricoles et de cultures ont été endommagés par des pluies torrentielles et des inondations dans certaines parties d'Afrique australe. Et les ...read more
07/02/2011