Home > Emergencies > Conflicts

FAO in emergencies app

Download now!

Recent Appeals

Documents

Projects

Other Resources

Connect with us

Conflicts

Conflicts

Conflict is a major cause and, in some cases, result of humanitarian crises. Conflict frequently overlaps with underlying social inequalities, poverty and high levels of vulnerability. Conflicts are direct threats to food security as they cause massive loss of life and therefore loss of workforce (which is particularly important as agriculture tends to rely heavily on human labour), loss of vital livestock, and loss of land.

Access to and use of natural resources – like water and land for grazing or crop production – are key sources of conflict. In countries such as the Sudan and South Sudan, tens of thousands of people are displaced from their land each year as a direct result of resource-based conflicts. Through efforts such as rebuilding water sources and setting up water management committees, FAO is encouraging pastoral and farming communities in these countries to work together in deciding how resources are used and better manage them for the future.

Conflicts displace millions of people each year, often forcing them to flee with nothing and making them extremely reliant on the communities that offer them shelter and humanitarian aid. This can place unsustainable pressure on hosting communities that often face high levels of food insecurity and struggle to make ends meet. In Yemen, where many conflict-affected herders risked their lives to bring their animals when they fled violence, FAO focused on providing livestock feed and animal health services to protect these vital assets. In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where farmers have been uprooted from their homes by fighting, FAO is helping to kick-start food production by helping returnees, refugees and host families to produce and sell more food by providing quality seeds and tools, along with technical training in improved agricultural techniques.

From an agricultural emergency response point of view, it is extremely difficult to prepare for and respond to a conflict – insecurity can threaten the lives of local populations and humanitarian workers, reducing their access to affected communities. Despite this, FAO continues to help vulnerable communities to prepare for, mitigate against and respond to the threat of conflicts. In Syria, for example, FAO is working with the Government and the World Food Programme to assess the impact of the conflict on agriculture, food security and livelihoods in an effort to overcome the rapid rise in food insecurity among conflict-affected populations. Former soldiers in countries such as Liberia, Sierra Leone and South Sudan are receiving help to build new, productive lives in the form of farming inputs, livestock and training in income-generating activities like blacksmithing, reducing the likelihood of them returning to violence.

In Afghanistan, a major part of FAO’s response to the ongoing conflict has been its support to the local seed production industry, which ensures farmers can get better quality seeds, even in areas that humanitarian workers cannot access. In addition, using a network of local partners, FAO was able to provide cash-for-work and other assistance to famine-affected populations in southern Somalia, in areas to which other partners had little or no access.

Related Stories

26 Jun 2014 - Iraq is facing serious food security concerns following the recent escalation of conflict in a large swath of the country, FAO warned today. Over 1 million ...READ MORE
07 Jun 2014 - On the 26th May 2014, Dr. Sue Lautze, Head of FAO in South Sudan and the UN’s Deputy Humanitarian Coordinator, visited the Greater Bahr el Ghazal ...READ MORE
05 Jun 2014 - FAO is scaling up its emergency response operations in South Sudan despite problems of access and insecurity in parts of the country. The Organization has extended its emergency response ...READ MORE
03 Jun 2014 - In Warrap State, South Sudan, fishing is a family activity for Bol Deng and his three children. Bol learned how to fish from his grandfather and ...READ MORE
21 May 2014 - South Sudan is at a risk of famine unless humanitarian assistance is provided now, FAO Deputy Director-General for Operations Dan Gustafson told a humanitarian pledging conference for ...READ MORE
20 May 2014 - On 15 May 2014 over 200 goats were vaccinated against PPR (Peste des Petit Ruminants) in Torit town, Eastern Equatoria state. The PPR vaccines are included ...READ MORE
16 May 2014 - A major operation to distribute seeds and tools has been launched in the Central African Republic to support crisis-hit farming families.  This is the largest ever intervention in the ...READ MORE
15 May 2014 - Drought conditions combined with continued conflict are adding pressure to an already dire food security situation in the Syrian Arab Republic, raising the prospect of further severe reductions ...READ MORE
10 May 2014 - The latest IPC food security analysis carried out in South Sudan indicates that, as a result of conflict, displacement, destroyed markets and disrupted livelihoods, food security has deteriorated at an alarming ...READ MORE
02 May 2014 - A combination of delayed Gu (April-June) rains, rising food prices and persistent insecurity in Somalia is likely to worsen the country’s food security situation in the coming months, experts ...READ MORE
1 2 3 4 5 6