Hazard and emergency types
Hazards are dangerous phenomena – like floods, tropical storms or droughts – that can cause loss of life, damage to property and the environment, destruction of livelihoods and disruption of services. Hazards can lead to disasters or emergencies, which require urgent action. Such emergencies have a direct impact on food security – floods, storms, tsunamis and other hazards destroy agricultural infrastructure and assets.
Drought, and transboundary animal and plant pests and diseases reduce production, affect prices and can cause a halt in trade. Emergencies interrupt access to markets, trade and food supply. They reduce the incomes of those affected, deplete savings and erode livelihoods, making people even more vulnerable to future disasters. The incidence of food-related crises has been rising since the early 1980s – with between 50 and 65 food emergencies every year since 2000, up from 25 to 45 during the 1990s.
FAO’s work in emergencies focuses on reducing people’s vulnerability to hazards before, during and after disasters through risk assessment, risk reduction, emergency response and rehabilitation. When an emergency does hit, FAO focuses on recovery and rehabilitation to increase the resilience of livelihoods in the future through longer-term interventions that facilitate the transition from relief to development.
11 Apr 2017 - The crisis afflicting the strife-torn Lake Chad Basin is rooted in decades of neglect, lack of rural development and the impact of climate change, and the ...READ MORE
10 Apr 2017 - Livestock ownership is of considerable importance for Yemen’s rural population. Households typically keep sheep, goats and cattle, and rely on the consumption and sale of their ...READ MORE
05 Apr 2017 - Prince Charles of Wales today visited FAO where he was briefed by officials from the three Rome-based UN food agencies on the massive hunger crises facing ...READ MORE
31 Mar 2017 - Despite international efforts to address food insecurity, around 108 million people in the world were severely food insecure in 2016, a dramatic increase compared with 80 ...READ MORE
15 Mar 2017 - Urgent need for humanitarian and livelihood assistance to prevent famine
Severe food insecurity threatens more than 17 million people in conflict-ridden Yemen, according to the latest Integrated ...READ MORE
08 Mar 2017 - For 25-year-old Fathia Moafaa, every day is a struggle to make ends meet. Her work starts at 6pm, just after evening prayers and, apart from a ...READ MORE
08 Mar 2017 - On 27 February, 21 Master Trainers, including four women, graduated from a three-month Agropastoral Field School (APFS) Master Trainer course held at the Intergovernmental Authority on ...READ MORE
02 Mar 2017 - Global food supply conditions are robust, but access to food has been dramatically reduced in areas suffering civil conflicts, while drought conditions are worsening food security ...READ MORE
23 Feb 2017 - Buoyed by the prospect of restarting life through agricultural livelihoods, many internally displaced persons (IDPs) in northeastern Nigeria are returning to farms supported by the Food and Agriculture ...READ MORE
21 Feb 2017 - The latest food security analysis in South Sudan has led to a declaration of famine in Leer and Mayendit counties in Greater Unity region. Two other ...READ MORE