Hazard and emergency types
Hazards are dangerous phenomena – like floods, tropical storms or droughts – that can cause loss of life, damage to property and the environment, destruction of livelihoods and disruption of services. Hazards can lead to disasters or emergencies, which require urgent action. Such emergencies have a direct impact on food security – floods, storms, tsunamis and other hazards destroy agricultural infrastructure and assets.
Drought, and transboundary animal and plant pests and diseases reduce production, affect prices and can cause a halt in trade. Emergencies interrupt access to markets, trade and food supply. They reduce the incomes of those affected, deplete savings and erode livelihoods, making people even more vulnerable to future disasters. The incidence of food-related crises has been rising since the early 1980s – with between 50 and 65 food emergencies every year since 2000, up from 25 to 45 during the 1990s.
FAO’s work in emergencies focuses on reducing people’s vulnerability to hazards before, during and after disasters through risk assessment, risk reduction, emergency response and rehabilitation. When an emergency does hit, FAO focuses on recovery and rehabilitation to increase the resilience of livelihoods in the future through longer-term interventions that facilitate the transition from relief to development.
Some recent hazards and emergencies to which FAO has or is responding (click on the RED spots):
02 Sep 2014 - Disruptions in food trade and marketing in the three West African countries most affected by Ebola have made food increasingly expensive and hard to come by, ...READ MORE
13 Aug 2014 - Combining FAO’s field experience and technical expertise to support DRR practitioners
With funding from ECHO, the toolkit has been developed drawing on the extensive practical and technical ...READ MORE
23 Jan 2013 - Twenty-two months of conflict has left Syria's agricultural sector in tatters with cereal, fruit and vegetable production dropping for some by half and massive destruction of ...READ MORE
06 Nov 2012 - Colossal damage caused by Hurricane Sandy - FAO and the Government of Haiti are seeking $74 million over the next 12 months to help rehabilitate the country's ...READ MORE
23 Oct 2012 - FAO warns of impending threat - FAO has alerted Algeria, Libya, Mauritania and Morocco to prepare for the likely arrival of Desert Locust swarms from the Sahel ...READ MORE
20 Aug 2012 - FAO assistance in Africa's Sahel region, struck by droughts in four of the past five years, is aimed at helping vulnerable people get through the current ...READ MORE
18 Jul 2012 - James Kon is one of a growing number of South Sudanese who are creating a crisis simply by going home.
Born and raised in the South, he ...READ MORE
13 Apr 2012 - FAO is calling urgently for funding to offer agricultural support to an expected flood of South Sudanese returning from the Sudan. Hundreds of thousands of people may be ...READ MORE
27 Mar 2012 - Julie Kambu Mayemba is 40 years old and lives not far from Kinshasa, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, with her husband and five children. ...READ MORE
09 Mar 2012 - FAO calls for an additional $69.8 million to head off food and nutrition crisis - Several countries in the Sahel region of western Africa need urgent ...READ MORE