Hazard and emergency types
Hazards are dangerous phenomena – like floods, tropical storms or droughts – that can cause loss of life, damage to property and the environment, destruction of livelihoods and disruption of services. Hazards can lead to disasters or emergencies, which require urgent action. Such emergencies have a direct impact on food security – floods, storms, tsunamis and other hazards destroy agricultural infrastructure and assets.
Drought, and transboundary animal and plant pests and diseases reduce production, affect prices and can cause a halt in trade. Emergencies interrupt access to markets, trade and food supply. They reduce the incomes of those affected, deplete savings and erode livelihoods, making people even more vulnerable to future disasters. The incidence of food-related crises has been rising since the early 1980s – with between 50 and 65 food emergencies every year since 2000, up from 25 to 45 during the 1990s.
FAO’s work in emergencies focuses on reducing people’s vulnerability to hazards before, during and after disasters through risk assessment, risk reduction, emergency response and rehabilitation. When an emergency does hit, FAO focuses on recovery and rehabilitation to increase the resilience of livelihoods in the future through longer-term interventions that facilitate the transition from relief to development.
Some recent hazards and emergencies to which FAO has or is responding (click on the RED spots):
10 Oct 2011 - Heads of Rome-based UN food agencies call for forceful action - Food price volatility featuring high prices is likely to continue and possibly increase, making poor farmers, ...READ MORE
05 Oct 2011 - FAO calls for urgent action, funds - Urgent action is needed to prevent a looming humanitarian and food crisis in two strife-affected regions on the border ...READ MORE
05 Oct 2011 - A year after the devastating monsoon floods of 2010, Pakistan has been hit once again with heavy rains and severe flooding. So far, over 5.2 million people have ...READ MORE
05 Sep 2011 - FAO calls for stepped up response - FAO today called for increased efforts to stem the food crisis in the Horn of Africa as famine spread to a ...READ MORE
11 Aug 2011 - High-level operational meeting called in Rome - Urgent and concrete measures intended to heighten the international response to the worsening crisis in the Horn of Africa ...READ MORE
20 Jul 2011 - Famine in Somalia has killed tens of thousands of people in recent months and could grow even worse unless urgent action is taken, the UN's Food ...READ MORE
11 Mar 2011 - The impact of the current crisis in Libya on food security is a cause for serious concern both in Libya and surrounding countries due to the ...READ MORE
08 Mar 2011 - In response to the current rise in food prices, FAO will, in partnership with stakeholders, run a series of seminars in Africa, Asia and the Pacific, ...READ MORE
20 Aug 2010 - Millions of livestock have been affected by the floods in Pakistan and are badly in need of food and medicine, FAO said today. Around 200 000 cows, sheep, ...READ MORE
11 Aug 2010 - As efforts continue to save the lives of Pakistanis stricken by monsoon floodwaters, FAO today warned of serious threats to the livelihoods and food security of millions. As ...READ MORE