Hazard and emergency types
Hazards are dangerous phenomena – like floods, tropical storms or droughts – that can cause loss of life, damage to property and the environment, destruction of livelihoods and disruption of services. Hazards can lead to disasters or emergencies, which require urgent action. Such emergencies have a direct impact on food security – floods, storms, tsunamis and other hazards destroy agricultural infrastructure and assets.
Drought, and transboundary animal and plant pests and diseases reduce production, affect prices and can cause a halt in trade. Emergencies interrupt access to markets, trade and food supply. They reduce the incomes of those affected, deplete savings and erode livelihoods, making people even more vulnerable to future disasters. The incidence of food-related crises has been rising since the early 1980s – with between 50 and 65 food emergencies every year since 2000, up from 25 to 45 during the 1990s.
FAO’s work in emergencies focuses on reducing people’s vulnerability to hazards before, during and after disasters through risk assessment, risk reduction, emergency response and rehabilitation. When an emergency does hit, FAO focuses on recovery and rehabilitation to increase the resilience of livelihoods in the future through longer-term interventions that facilitate the transition from relief to development.
01 Feb 2017 - It’s 5 o’clock in the afternoon as the smouldering heat of the day begins to ease, and a determined, active woman named Abung Koch is bustling ...READ MORE
25 Jan 2017 - As the conflict in northern Iraq escalated in 2016, Karina Coates was deployed by FAO’s standby partner RedR Australia to the Erbil office to support FAO’s ...READ MORE
11 Jan 2017 - With 14 million people food insecure in strife-torn Yemen, the European Union (EU) has committed 12 million euros in support of FAO's efforts to tackle rising ...READ MORE
22 Dec 2016 - In the vast agricultural spread of northeastern Nigeria, violence and disruption has put the food security and livelihoods of millions of people at high risk. In ...READ MORE
20 Dec 2016 - Countries in the Horn of Africa are likely to see a rise in hunger and further decline of local livelihoods in the coming months, as farming ...READ MORE
09 Dec 2016 - Civil conflict and weather-related shocks have severely stressed food security in 2016, increasing the number of countries in need of food assistance, according to a FAO ...READ MORE
06 Dec 2016 - Southern Africa is now entering the peak of the lean season following the worst El Niño-induced drought in decades. With food stocks largely depleted due to ...READ MORE
06 Dec 2016 - With little time to lose to secure a winter harvest in Hurricane-struck Haiti, FAO has begun emergency distributions of seeds and tools to help disaster-affected families ...READ MORE
05 Dec 2016 - Emphasizing the extent of the devastating tragedy in northeast Nigeria, today the United Nations launched an appeal for USD 1 billion to respond to the biggest ...READ MORE
29 Nov 2016 - The livestock industry is one of the fastest growing sectors of the agricultural economy, contributing approximately 40 percent of the global value of agricultural production. Most ...READ MORE