Hazard and emergency types
Hazards are dangerous phenomena – like floods, tropical storms or droughts – that can cause loss of life, damage to property and the environment, destruction of livelihoods and disruption of services. Hazards can lead to disasters or emergencies, which require urgent action. Such emergencies have a direct impact on food security – floods, storms, tsunamis and other hazards destroy agricultural infrastructure and assets.
Drought, and transboundary animal and plant pests and diseases reduce production, affect prices and can cause a halt in trade. Emergencies interrupt access to markets, trade and food supply. They reduce the incomes of those affected, deplete savings and erode livelihoods, making people even more vulnerable to future disasters. The incidence of food-related crises has been rising since the early 1980s – with between 50 and 65 food emergencies every year since 2000, up from 25 to 45 during the 1990s.
FAO’s work in emergencies focuses on reducing people’s vulnerability to hazards before, during and after disasters through risk assessment, risk reduction, emergency response and rehabilitation. When an emergency does hit, FAO focuses on recovery and rehabilitation to increase the resilience of livelihoods in the future through longer-term interventions that facilitate the transition from relief to development.
- The four agencies – the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat), the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and ...read more
- FAO, with funding from the Central Emergency Response Fund, is providing support to boost the livelihoods of 3 300 conflict- and flood-affected households (around 18 000 ...read more
- In a bid to stay ahead of the negative impacts of climate change, floods and typhoons on food security, the Government of the Philippines and FAO ...read more
- In an effort to stay ahead of the negative impacts of climate change, floods and typhoons on its food security, the Philippine Department of Agriculture and ...read more
- Sagaing was one of the worst affected regions by the floods that devastated large parts of Myanmar last July/August 2015, which were associated with cyclone Komen. This ...read more
- FAO is working to develop the disaster preparedness and emergency response capacity of government officials and civil society in disaster-prone areas of India through a series ...read more
- Key messages
Damage to crops and livestock is estimated at USD 104 million, while damages to fisheries (not yet fully assessed) arealso critical. With much of the ...read more
Living on the banks of the Chindwin River in Myanmar's Sagaing region, Daw Nye Mya (60) reports that she "had never seen flooding as bad" as ...read more
- One of the areas most affected by extreme hazards, in particular natural hazards, is the Dry Corridor. Climate risks in the Dry Corridor are mainly represented ...read more
- The flooding and devastation caused in Myanmar by Cyclone Komen in July-August last year has exacerbated food insecurity for poor rural communities living in Myanmar’s hardest-hit ...read more