Hazard and emergency types
Hazards are dangerous phenomena – like floods, tropical storms or droughts – that can cause loss of life, damage to property and the environment, destruction of livelihoods and disruption of services. Hazards can lead to disasters or emergencies, which require urgent action. Such emergencies have a direct impact on food security – floods, storms, tsunamis and other hazards destroy agricultural infrastructure and assets.
Drought, and transboundary animal and plant pests and diseases reduce production, affect prices and can cause a halt in trade. Emergencies interrupt access to markets, trade and food supply. They reduce the incomes of those affected, deplete savings and erode livelihoods, making people even more vulnerable to future disasters. The incidence of food-related crises has been rising since the early 1980s – with between 50 and 65 food emergencies every year since 2000, up from 25 to 45 during the 1990s.
FAO’s work in emergencies focuses on reducing people’s vulnerability to hazards before, during and after disasters through risk assessment, risk reduction, emergency response and rehabilitation. When an emergency does hit, FAO focuses on recovery and rehabilitation to increase the resilience of livelihoods in the future through longer-term interventions that facilitate the transition from relief to development.
09 Dec 2016 - Civil conflict and weather-related shocks have severely stressed food security in 2016, increasing the number of countries in need of food assistance, according to a FAO ...READ MORE
06 Dec 2016 - Southern Africa is now entering the peak of the lean season following the worst El Niño-induced drought in decades. With food stocks largely depleted due to ...READ MORE
06 Dec 2016 - With little time to lose to secure a winter harvest in Hurricane-struck Haiti, FAO has begun emergency distributions of seeds and tools to help disaster-affected families ...READ MORE
05 Dec 2016 - Emphasizing the extent of the devastating tragedy in northeast Nigeria, today the United Nations launched an appeal for USD 1 billion to respond to the biggest ...READ MORE
29 Nov 2016 - The livestock industry is one of the fastest growing sectors of the agricultural economy, contributing approximately 40 percent of the global value of agricultural production. Most ...READ MORE
18 Nov 2016 - Farmers in southern Madagascar, hit by three years of devastating drought, urgently need more support so they can plant crops in time for the December and January planting seasons, the ...READ MORE
15 Nov 2016 - Food production in Syria has hit a record low as widespread insecurity and unfavourable weather conditions in parts of the country continued to hamper access to ...READ MORE
15 Nov 2016 - Ethiopia is bracing for a new drought across significant swathes of livestock-dependent southeastern areas of the country, mere months after the worst drought in 50 years severely ...READ MORE
24 Oct 2016 - Some 1.4 million Haitians require food assistance in the wake of Hurricane Matthew, which wrought widespread devastation on supplies and crops across large swaths of the island ...READ MORE
20 Oct 2016 - Following findings from a recent food security assessment across southern Madagascar, UN agencies are scaling up closely coordinated efforts to prevent an already dire situation from ...READ MORE