Hazard and emergency types
Hazards are dangerous phenomena – like floods, tropical storms or droughts – that can cause loss of life, damage to property and the environment, destruction of livelihoods and disruption of services. Hazards can lead to disasters or emergencies, which require urgent action. Such emergencies have a direct impact on food security – floods, storms, tsunamis and other hazards destroy agricultural infrastructure and assets.
Drought, and transboundary animal and plant pests and diseases reduce production, affect prices and can cause a halt in trade. Emergencies interrupt access to markets, trade and food supply. They reduce the incomes of those affected, deplete savings and erode livelihoods, making people even more vulnerable to future disasters. The incidence of food-related crises has been rising since the early 1980s – with between 50 and 65 food emergencies every year since 2000, up from 25 to 45 during the 1990s.
FAO’s work in emergencies focuses on reducing people’s vulnerability to hazards before, during and after disasters through risk assessment, risk reduction, emergency response and rehabilitation. When an emergency does hit, FAO focuses on recovery and rehabilitation to increase the resilience of livelihoods in the future through longer-term interventions that facilitate the transition from relief to development.
Some recent hazards and emergencies to which FAO has or is responding (click on the RED spots):
23 Mar 2010 - An international team of experts has warned that while more is known today about the role of wild birds in the spread of the highly pathogenic ...READ MORE
21 Jan 2010 - FAO Director-General Jacques Diouf said today that with the first stage of Haiti's rescue operation now underway the country and the aid effort should simultaneously move ...READ MORE
14 Jan 2010 - The immediate priorities in Haiti following Tuesday’s devastating earthquake are to rescue those still trapped, bring relief and shelter to the injured, road clearing and other ...READ MORE
11 Aug 2008 - A strain of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza previously not recorded in sub-Saharan Africa has been detected in Nigeria for the first time, FAO said today. Nigeria ...READ MORE
31 Jul 2008 - As part of an urgent relief effort FAO’s Peru office has provided 36 800 doses of antiparistic medicines, antibiotics and vitamins to poor farmers in highland ...READ MORE
18 Mar 2008 - High load of circulating virus could lead to mutation and a human influenza pandemic - The prevalence of avian influenza in Indonesia remains serious despite containment ...READ MORE
21 Feb 2008 - FAO assistance addresses immediate and long-term needs - Heavy rains are expected to continue in the Zambezi River basin through the end of March 2008, posing ...READ MORE
22 Jan 2008 - Building a sustainable future for coastal communities from the bottom up - Youth from tsunami-affected fishing villages of four districts of the west coast in Nanggroe ...READ MORE
23 Nov 2007 - The agriculture, livestock and fisheries sectors in southern Bangladesh have suffered enormous losses and large-scale assistance is urgently needed to address the damage caused by Cyclone ...READ MORE