Hazard and emergency types
Hazards are dangerous phenomena – like floods, tropical storms or droughts – that can cause loss of life, damage to property and the environment, destruction of livelihoods and disruption of services. Hazards can lead to disasters or emergencies, which require urgent action. Such emergencies have a direct impact on food security – floods, storms, tsunamis and other hazards destroy agricultural infrastructure and assets.
Drought, and transboundary animal and plant pests and diseases reduce production, affect prices and can cause a halt in trade. Emergencies interrupt access to markets, trade and food supply. They reduce the incomes of those affected, deplete savings and erode livelihoods, making people even more vulnerable to future disasters. The incidence of food-related crises has been rising since the early 1980s – with between 50 and 65 food emergencies every year since 2000, up from 25 to 45 during the 1990s.
FAO’s work in emergencies focuses on reducing people’s vulnerability to hazards before, during and after disasters through risk assessment, risk reduction, emergency response and rehabilitation. When an emergency does hit, FAO focuses on recovery and rehabilitation to increase the resilience of livelihoods in the future through longer-term interventions that facilitate the transition from relief to development.
23 Jun 2016 - FAO conducted the End of Project Performance Appraisal (EPPA) for its Earthquake Emergency Response Programme in Nepal after 13 months since its inception in May 2015. ...READ MORE
29 May 2016 - Belgium’s USD 300 000 contribution to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations’ (FAO’s) emergency programme in Fiji is assisting more than 5 000 ...READ MORE
03 May 2016 - Three years of conflict have left a heavy toll on the people of the Central African Republic. Nearly one million people are still uprooted. Half of ...READ MORE
12 Apr 2016 - The presence of recently discovered Desert Locust infestations in Yemen, where conflict is severely hampering control operations, poses a potential threat to crops in the ...READ MORE
05 Apr 2016 - Civil strife and unfavourable rains have further reduced crop production in South Sudan, contributing to a cereal deficit of 381,000 tonnes --53 percent greater than in ...READ MORE
18 Mar 2016 - After the earthquakes in April and May 2015, in a close collaboration with the Government of Nepal and local Non-governmental Organization partners, FAO started an immediate ...READ MORE
01 Mar 2016 - Three years of conflict and ongoing displacements in the Central African Republic (CAR) continue to disrupt agriculture and severely constrain people’s access to food, as they ...READ MORE
09 Feb 2016 - Under the lead of the World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations system is mobilizing a coordinated response to Zika aimed at minimizing the threat in ...READ MORE
15 Jan 2016 - The strongest El Niño weather episode in the last several decades has caused repeated crop failure, decimated livestock herds and driven some 10.2 million people across ...READ MORE
16 Dec 2015 - Belgium’s USD 285 000 contribution to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) emergency programme in Vanuatu provides help to more than 4 ...READ MORE