Home > Emergencies > Transboundary animal diseases

FAO in emergencies app

Download now!

Connect with us

A poultry farmer feeding chickens

Transboundary animal diseases

Transboundary animal diseases are highly contagious epidemic diseases that can spread extremely rapidly, irrespective of national borders. They cause high rates of death and disease in animals, thereby having serious socio-economic and sometimes public health consequences while constituting a constant threat to the livelihoods of livestock farmers.

Globalization, land encroachment and climate change contribute to outbreaks of such animal diseases – some transmissible to humans – as brucellosis, bovine tuberculosis, parasitic illnesses, anthrax, bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) and certain strains of influenza viruses. High-impact animal diseases such as foot-and-mouth disease, peste des petits ruminants, classical or African swine fevers, while not directly affecting human health, do affect food and nutrition security and livestock production and trade.

Animal diseases have potential to reduce:

  • quantity and quality of food, such as meat and milk
  • livestock products: hides, skins, fibres
  • animal power: traction, transport

FAO animal disease emergency response mechanisms

The FAO Emergency Prevention System (EMPRES) Animal Health develops strategies for intervention and improved management. It works to monitor and give early warning and ultimately to prevent animal diseases.

The Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases (ECTAD) is FAO’s corporate centre for the planning and delivery of veterinary assistance to FAO member countries responding to the threat of transboundary animal health crises.

The Emergency Management Centre for Animal Health (EMC-AH) is FAO’s rapid response unit to animal disease emergencies.

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza – bird flu

Since 2004 FAO has been at the forefront of the fight against highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) – bird flu – in over 95 countries. FAO has mobilized over US$ 445 million to combat influenza and emerging disease threats through prevention, surveillance, and control.

Rinderpest eradication

In June 2011, after years of battle against the disease, FAO formally declared rinderpest eradicated. Though rinderpest or ‘cattle plague’ doesn’t affect humans directly, it sowed terror when it struck, as it was capable of wiping out entire herds of cattle, sparking famine across communities when they were suddenly found without a source of food and income from cattle raising.

Peste des petits ruminants

Based on the rinderpest experience, FAO is mounting a global programme for the progressive control and possible eradication of peste des petits ruminants (PPR). PPR is endemic in many African countries, in the Middle East, in Central and Southern Asia and in parts of China.

Rift Valley fever

The Rift Valley fever virus spreads widely in animals and has been detected in humans, causing human death. In response to outbreaks, FAO works in close cooperation with local veterinary services to limit the spread of the virus and to reduce the risk of contagion for the livestock holders, producers and other groups at risk.

Related Topics

 -  to assist 1.4 million people FAO requires USD 21.7 million period January – December 2019                               The Sudan is one of the world’s largest protracted humanitarian crises: conflict, displacement, disease outbreaks, climatic shocks ...read more
11/02/2019
 - Policy change requires the support from all levels of stakeholders, starting from the grass-root level to the decision-making authorities. With the financial aid from United States ...read more
31/01/2019
 - To improve the management and biosecurity of poultry hatcheries and parent flocks, ultimately increasing productivity and profitability, and reducing the risk of disease occurrence and spread. ...read more
12/12/2018
 - This issue: FAO, Ethiopian Government collaborate to identify and map One Health key partners New project to improve sanitary capacity, facilitate export of livestock and livestock products from ...read more
10/12/2018
 - The Emergency Management Centre for Animal Health (EMC‑AH) is FAO's leading global centre for animal health emergency management – playing a critical role in strengthening country, ...read more
30/11/2018
 - During an animal disease outbreak, consumers may be in danger of consuming infectious goods. However untrue unscientific rumours may arise. Consequently, farmers may fail to take ...read more
30/11/2018
 - The Central Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory in Conakry, Guinea was officially inaugurated on 14 November 2018, following renovations by FAO, funded by the United States Agency for ...read more
19/11/2018
 - Insanitary conditions in abattoirs and unsafe sale of meat for human consumption in markets is a major issue of concern in Ghana. In order to improve ...read more
16/11/2018
 - The threat of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) infection is present in Mali and Senegal. To prepare for the emergence of potential HPAI outbreaks, FAO’s Emergency ...read more
15/11/2018
 - A total of 10 000 dogs were vaccinated as part of a mass campaign on World Rabies Day (28 September) in Senegal. This five-fold increase on ...read more
14/11/2018
« Previous 1 2 3 4 5 ... 18