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Reducing Disaster Risks caused by changing climate in Indonesia

Reducing Disaster Risks caused by changing climate in Indonesia

Full title of the project:

Reducing Disaster Risks caused by changing climate in Nusa Tenggara Timur and Nusa Tenggara Barat Provinces in Indonesia

Target areas:

Nusa Tenggara Barat (NTB) and Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) provinces

Recipient:
Contribution:
USD 5 224 784
01/06/2013-31/12/2018
Project code:
OSRO/INS/301/USA
Objective:

Introduce conservation agriculture (CA) technologies in selected districts of NTT and NTB provinces in Indonesia

Key partners:

Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development, Ministry of Agriculture

Beneficiaries reached:

17 092 smallholder farmers

Activities implemented:
  • Trained a total of 16 478 smallholder farmers (32 percent women) through a training of trainers (ToT) approach in which FAO specialists trained 721 extension officers and 134 agriculture vocational teachers and academics on CA technologies and practices using applied and adaptive research and demonstration.
  • Trained 528 lead farmers through a ToT on CA techniques and practices and supported their exchange visits to other CA plots.
  • Established 793 farmers’ groups, each with field school demonstration plots in 159 villages in 35 districts.
  • Tested ten CA technologies and practices for optimal maize cultivation.
  • Tested five local bean varieties to identify the best cover crop and intercrop for maize.
  • Procured and distributed a total amount of 15 420 kg of maize seeds.
  • Procured and distributed appropriate planting materials, seeds, farmyard manure, organic compost farming tools and farming equipment (ten two-wheel tractors, 13 soil rippers, 14 roller crimpers, 94 roller planters, one direct seeder, 76 jab planters, 37 li seeders and 291 soil diggers) to the CA applied research sites.
  • Researched and developed new and improved CA technologies and practices.
  • Procured locally manufactured equipment and machinery for CA (roller crimpers and soil rippers) based on the specific local needs of farmers in NTB and NTT provinces.
  • Set up a knowledge-sharing platform with a total of 318 members comprised of government officials from central-, provincial- and district-level offices, researchers, academics and representative from NGOs and community-based organizations.
  • Conducted an international workshop on CA and shared project results and achievements with national and international agriculture experts.
  • Published CA guidelines and a farmer field school manual along with flyers, brochures and factsheets distributed during CA scaling-up activities.
  • Organized a visit to Timor-Leste for policy makers, extension specialists and implementing partners to exchange knowledge and experiences on CA with another ongoing project, entitled “Enhancing food security and nutrition and reducing disaster risk through the promotion of conservation agriculture”.
  • Conducted technical workshops and seminars on the CA farming practices targeting more than 500 university students.
Impact:
  • Increased the adoption of CA practices for a total of 17 092 farmers (both men and women).
  • Cultivated a total 1 404 ha of maize planted areas in NTT and NTB using CA farming systems introduced by the project.
  • Increased maize yields by 53 percent during the rainy season and by 65 percent during dry season.
  • Improved nutrition and food availability with 26 percent of CA adopters reporting improvements in food availability and 13 percent reporting improvements in nutrition of the household members.
  • Enhanced income of CA farmers by 37 percent in Lombok, by 57 percent in Sumba and by 77 percent in Timor.
  • Enhanced soil fertility (carbon content increased by 30.5 percent, organic matter and nitrogen also increased) and soil physical structure in almost all project sites.
  • Reduced the application of urea in CA plots by half (125 kg/ha) and produced equal maize yields compared with non-CA plots using twice as much urea.
  • Diminished the practice of burning crop residues with 82 percent of farmers from the project area in Lombok no longer burning residues as part the preparation for planting.
  • Increased CA practices in NTT with more than 50 percent of farmers practicing CA activities such as permanent soil cover, minimum tillage, intercropping and crop rotation.
  • Included CA into the draft of the mid-term development plan for the period of 2019 to 2023 in NTT and NTB provinces.
  • Integrated the CA principles and practices into the regional development plans’ main programme for livestock development, particularly through the integrated farming system of crops and livestock, which aims to improve livelihoods and reduce poverty.
  • Integrated CA into the Mid-term Development Plan in 72 villages in NTT and six villages in NTB and allocated funds for CA promotion under Village Development Funds.
  • Allocated USD 170 233 under the Village Development Funds of 72 villages in NTT and NTB to support CA activities, inputs, tools, equipment and training.
  • Integrated CA into both undergraduate and graduate curricula at three local universities.
  • Established CA “Centre of Excellence” at the University of Nusa Cendana, which has developed a CA manual appropriate for the region.
  • Enlarged dryland farm areas cultivated using CA practices by 66 percent in Lombok (NTB), 59 percent in Sumba (NTT) and 52 percent in Timor (NTT).