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Support and improve the food security through diversification of agricultural livelihoods in Afghanistan

Support and improve the food security through diversification of agricultural livelihoods in Afghanistan

Full title of the project:

Support and improve the food security of vulnerable farming families in Tirin Kot, Chora and Dehrawood districts of Uruzgan province through diversification of agricultural livelihoods

Target areas:

Uruzgan province

Recipient:
Contribution:
USD 3 838 682
Implementation:
01/03/2008-31/08/2010
Project code:
OSRO/AFG/801/NET
Objective:

To enhance farmers’ ability to increase agricultural productivity and food production through the diversification of agricultural livelihoods.

Key partners:

Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL), Provincial Department of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock, Community Development Councils, Afghan Health and Development Services, the Embassy of the Netherlands and Technical Working Group partners.

Beneficiaries reached:

2 050 households.

Activities implemented:
  • Basic input packages were provided to 1 000 households, consisting of certified wheat seed, fertilizers, agricultural tools, wheelbarrows, post-harvest metallic silos with wooden pallets, kitchen garden vegetable seeds and food-processing sun-dry tables.
  • A total of 2 050 households (including the above 1 000 families) chose from a variety of livelihood diversification packages, to enable production related to fruit-tree nurseries, greenhouse vegetables, livestock, fishponds and beekeeping.
  • Training was provided to beneficiaries on the use of all project inputs, and capacitybuilding activities were conducted for stakeholders and implementing partner staff.
  • A joint MAIL/FAO mission was fielded to Uruzgan to assess pests and disease affecting almond production in Uruzgan; almond kits were distributed to 990 almond-growers.
Impact:
  • 2 050 households have strengthened and diversified their livelihoods.
  • 342 fruit-tree nurseries, 286 greenhouses and 29 fishponds were established.
  • The average increase in wheat yield using FAO irrigated seed varieties was 184 kg per jerib (27 percent) compared with yields using local variety seed.
  • The income generation of beneficiaries was enhanced (e.g. the cultivation of off-season vegetable crops enabled each beneficiary to earn around USD 114; beneficiaries of dairy cows earned an average of approximately USD 32/month through the sale of surplus milk; income generated from the sale of adult carp fish is estimated at USD 360 per fishpond).