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Improvement and sustainable use of plant genetic resources programme in Somalia – Phase II

Improvement and sustainable use of plant genetic resources programme in Somalia – Phase II

Full title of the project:

Improvement and sustainable use of plant genetic resources programme – Phase II

Target areas:

North and central Somalia.

Recipient:
Contribution:
USD 2 394 000
Implementation:
01/04/2010-31/03/2013
Project code:
OSRO/SOM/005/EC
Objective:

To increase agricultural income by improving farmers’ access to quality seeds and planting material.

Key partners:

Daresalam Seed Enterprise (DASE); the Sesame Seed Growers’ Association (SESIMA); and the Shabelle Farmers’ Association (SHEFA).

Beneficiaries reached:

Through support provided by FAO, DASE, SESIMA and SHEFA to seed growers, an estimated 137 000 farmers benefited from maize seed during the three Gu seasons, and of these about 25 000 farmers with sesame seed during the Deyr season. Of these farmers, at least 47 000 were beneficiaries of FAO distribution.

Activities implemented:
  • Maize trials were conducted in three locations of Middle and Lower Shabelle: Darussalam, Barire and Janale.
  • The first basic seed of Somtux maize and sesame were produced, which will enhance production in Somalia.
  • Introduced appropriate agricultural technologies for crop production and developed a formal seed system in
  • Somalia to address the shortage of high quality seeds.
  • Improved cropping activities for banana, mango and date palm production.
  • Conducted several training sessions on good agricultural practices (GAP), management and marketing.
Impact:
  • Increased seed growers’ income by at least 50 percent as a result of the quality premium.
  • Farmers growing maize and applying GAP have increased their yields by 50-70 percent, whereas sesame growers have increased their income by at least 50 percent.
  • Lessened the impact of the famine by restoring livelihoods through the increased capacity of seed production (principally maize, but also sorghum and cowpea) in the south-central region.
  • Established a link between farmers and traders, resulting in additional trade opportunities and higher crop prices.
  • After three years of project implementation, the DASE seed company, Shabelle Fruit Association and SESIMA are completely self-sufficient and operate based solely on market supply and demand forces.