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Assistance to strengthen emergency preparedness for highly pathogenic avian influenza in India

Assistance to strengthen emergency preparedness for highly pathogenic avian influenza in India

Full title of the project:

Immediate technical assistance to strengthen emergency preparedness for highly pathogenic avian influenza

Target areas:

Assam, Banglore, Bhubaneswar, Dhubri, Guwahati, Imphal, Jalpaiguri, Kapashera, Kolkata, Lucknow, Manipur, Meghalya, Odisha, Pune, Shimla, Sikkim, Thiruvanantpuram, Tripura and West Bengal.

Recipient:
Contribution:
USD 220 000
30/09/2008-30/09/2013
Project code:
OSRO/IND/802/USA
Objective:

To contribute to the elimination of the threat posed by the highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI), where India no longer presents the risk of developing a human pandemic from the H5N1 virus, by controlling the disease in poultry.

Key partners:

The Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries (DADF), the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA), the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, the World Organisation for Animal Health, World Health Organization, the International Livestock Research Institute.

Beneficiaries reached:

National technical institutions, research institutions, livestock and poultry producers, district and state veterinary officers, and the international community.

Activities implemented:
  • Investigated crow mortalities and outbreaks in Assam, Sikkim, West Bengal and on Government poultry farms.
  • Trained 450 veterinarians from DADF and State Animal Husbandry Departments on disease epidemiology and surveillance through Field Epidemiology Training Programmes.
  • Trained 18 High Security Animal Disease Laboratory scientists and three Epidemiology Unit scientists on the latest phylogenetic techniques.
  • Organized two four-day training courses on H5N1 HPAI outbreak investigations for 30 veterinarians.
  • Trained more than 5 000 para-veterinarians on disease detection and reporting.
  • Conducted a joint study on the molecular epidemiology of H5N1 HPAI.
  • Performed a poultry value chain analysis for risk-based, people-centred HPAI control in Jalpaiguri and Dhubri.
  • Provided support to DADF through the periodic submission of standard operating procedures, policy papers, work plans and guidelines for HPAI surveillance and control.
Impact:
  • Enhanced national epidemiological capacity through the establishment and staffing of an Epidemiology Unit at the Animal Quarantine and Certification station in Kapashera, New Delhi.
  • Increased cooperation among national stakeholders through the circulation of updates on the disease situation in India and adjoining countries, using EpiNet to enhance awareness of local and global events related to infectious disease epidemiology and surveillance.
  • Improved the Government’s technical capacity in detection and response as well as improved awareness of HPAI detection and response.
  • Strengthened DADF and MoA’s epidemiological capacity.
  • Enhanced epidemiology understanding of transboundary animal diseases (including HPAI) and zoonotic diseases in India for rational and targeted control.