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Pakistan Floods 2011
A year after the devastating monsoon floods of 2010, Pakistan has been hit once again with heavy rains and severe flooding. So far, over 5.2 million people have been affected, mostly in Sindh and Balochistan. Heavy rains persisted well into mid-September and displaced hundreds of thousands of people.
The latest floods arrived as millions of Pakistanis were rebuilding their livelihoods following last year’s monsoon floods, which were the worst in Pakistan’s history, having affected over 20 million people and damaged/destroyed 1.7 million homes.
Focus on Agriculture
Approximately 70 percent of the people in the affected areas rely on agriculture as a source of food and income. The floods have destroyed nearly 925 000 hectares of crops. Millions of Pakistanis have lost their productive assets and livelihoods, especially farmers who have lost their current and future sources of food and income. For many communities, the recent crisis has compounded losses from last year’s floods, which receded too late in many areas of Sindh to allow for planting of the rabi (spring) wheat crop. Damage to irrigation is also a major concern as around 80 percent of wheat planted in Sindh is irrigated.
Pakistan Floods 2010 - One Year On
In addition to the approximately 116 000 dead livestock, around 5 million surviving animals have been directly affected. Surviving livestock are at heightened risk of disease and worm infestation, and without feed as a result of flooded pastures and destroyed feed stocks.
This is the second consecutive year in which floods have disrupted or destroyed significant amounts of the kharif harvest and preparations for the rabi crops. FAO and its partners in the Food Security Cluster are working to build off of last year’s response and prevent further livestock losses and missed planting opportunities.
The Pakistan Floods Rapid Response Plan 2011 was launched on 18 September to support Government-led response efforts. FAO is currently co-leading the Food Security Cluster, along with the World Food Programme, and seeks USD 18.9 million to provide immediate agricultural support. Around 3 million flood-affected and food-insecure people urgently require agricultural support to resume farming activities.