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EU, FAO call for more efforts to combat cassava diseases
The future of cassava, one of Africa’s most promising and climate-resilient crops, may be under threat if efforts to renew the fight against diseases affecting the plant are not renewed, the European Union (EU) and the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) alert. The call for renewed investments of USD 100 million by governments and partners is the outcome of a regional event held in Nairobi, Kenya, this week attended by over 70 regional cassava professionals.
Over the past four years the Regional Cassava Initiative, funded by the EU and coordinated by FAO, has restored cassava yields and improved the food security situation of over 500,000 people in East and Central Africa. But while Cassava Mosaic Disease (CMD) is being contained, Cassava Brown Streak Disease (CBSD) is rapidly spreading, posing a major threat to the food security of 135 million people in the region. During the Regional Cassava Initiative’s closing workshop ‘Upholding cassava’s potential in Africa’, over 70 experts from across Africa gathered to take stock of achievements made by the project and elaborate on the way forward in addressing the threat.
The Regional Cassava Initiative was rolled out to support the beneficiaries – both farmers and value chain actors – in their efforts to mitigate, manage and prevent the effects. Seven countries (Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda) were involved in the four-year project, which is coming to an end in October 2013. Aoron Sebomama, a small-scale farmer from Burundi, was badly affected by the cassava diseases. “When my crops became sick, I had to sell a part of my livestock. But then I received clean planting materials. We harvested, sold the cuttings and sold the roots. I bought three goats and now I have 20.”
Under the project, which was coordinated by FAO Subregional Emergency Office for Eastern and Central Africa, disease-tolerant or resistant cassava varieties were grown and clean planting materials made available to Aoron and other farmers. The accessibility of surveillance information was improved and newly established national cassava commissions now ensure movement of cassava vegetative material is better regulated.
“In Nigeria, where the government has invested massively in the crop, cassava has already demonstrated its potential to replace imported staples,” said Luca Alinovi, the head of FAO’s subregional emergency office. “By building the resilience of small-scale farmers the Regional Cassava Initiative contributed towards cassava’s future as a widely traded commodity in Africa.”
“Cassava is moving up the national policy agendas. Uganda has already identified the plant as a priority crop under the development strategy investment plan of the ministry of agriculture,” added Patrick Seruyange, European Union’s project lead, “We are now calling upon all local governments and development partners to further support interventions along the value chain.
At least half of all plants in Africa are affected by cassava diseases. A renewed investment of minimum USD 100 million is needed to further support clean farm production, coordination, regulation, disease surveillance and research as well as market and micro finance development across the whole cassava value chain.
If not achieved CBSD is likely to reach Nigeria, the biggest cassava nation in Africa, and its impact on food security will be immense. Without renewed commitment cassava’s future potential in Africa is under threat.
REGIONAL CASSAVA INITIATIVE
Funding partner: European Union
Project date: November 2009 till October 2013
Total project budget: EUR 4 761 000