Inicio  > Crisis > Crisis in the Horn of Africa

FAO in emergencies app

Download now!

Connect with us

Crisis in the Horn of Africa

Crisis in the Horn of Africa

Crisis in the Horn of Africa

In 2011, the Horn of Africa (HoA) faced one of the driest years since 1950/51, causing a food crisis that escalated into famine in parts of the region, such as southern Somalia. By the end of July 2011, some 12.4 million people were in need of urgent assistance not only to save their lives, but also to recover their livelihoods; this number nearly doubled in the subsequent months given the rapid deterioration of the situation.

In order to both respond to the crisis and ensure that communities are better equipped to cope with droughts in the future, FAO has assisted local populations and governments with:

  • Rehabilitating water sources and establishing small-scale irrigation systems
  • Distributing seeds, tools and other agricultural inputs
  • Providing plant and animal disease control
  • Carrying out animal vaccination campaigns
  • Supporting coordination of food and nutrition security strategies, conducting real-time analysis of changing conditions and issuing timely reports of the current status of hazards, risks and vulnerabilities in the region
  • Implementing cash-for-work activities

About 80 percent of people in HoA rely on agriculture and pastoralism as their primary source of food and income. In the fight against hunger, it is essential that more focus be placed on restoring, protecting and strengthening the means of agriculture and pastoral dependent groups to continue their way of life and to increase their resilience to future climatic shocks.

Compared to the beginning of the 1990s, productivity in some parts of the region (for staple food crops per land area) has strongly increased. However, with rapid population growth, reduced arable land by subsistence farmers and migration to marginal lands, the deepening effects of climate change and continued marginalization of Horn of African economies in the global economy, there is increased pressure on the Horn’s relatively scarce resources. The situation has been exacerbated by high local cereal prices, excessive livestock mortality, conflict and restricted humanitarian access in some areas, which contribute to the challenges in the efforts to break the cycle of food insecurity.

Drought is a chronic hazard in the region, and has been for centuries. Pastoralism, and in particular agropastoralism, is a dynamic and sustainable livelihood system that has adapted to the particularly harsh conditions in many areas of the HoA. In fact, about 80 percent of the people in this region rely on agriculture and pastoralism as their primary source of food and income. In the fight against hunger, it is essential that more focus be placed on restoring, protecting and strengthening the means of agriculture and pastoral dependent groups to continue their way of life and to increase their resilience to future climatic shocks. 

The provision of agricultural assistance promotes stability and thus prevents food crises from worsening in these affected countries, while also limiting the negative impact of further reductions in food supplies. It also contributes to preventing displacement, unemployment, the sale of productive assets, the worsening of health indicators and dependence on food aid and other forms of relief assistance.

Related Topics

 - Since March 2011, violence in Syria has claimed hundreds of thousands of lives and injured countless civilians.As of December 2014, over 50 percent of the population has fled their homes, ...READ MORE
 - Agriculture plays an important role in Nepal’s economy, but the country’s small-scale producers face many challenges. Access to quality inputs, decent roads, irrigation and markets is patchy. Natural disasters destroy ...READ MORE
 - Las sequías, inundaciones, tormentas y otros desastres provocados por el cambio climático han aumentado en frecuencia y gravedad en las últimas tres décadas, incrementando los daños ...read more
17/08/2016
 - A tan sólo unas semanas de iniciar a preparar la tierra para la próxima temporada agrícola, unos 23 millones de personas en África austral necesitan con ...read more
28/07/2016
 - Los gobiernos y la comunidad internacional deben intensificar con urgencia sus esfuerzos conjuntos para evitar más sufrimiento humano, fortalecer la resiliencia y salvaguardar los medios de ...read more
06/07/2016
 - El Niño tiene amplias consecuencias en el clima global y los patrones climáticos.
04/07/2016
 - Vidas y medios de vida están amenazados en el Sudán del Sur después de un brote de enfrentamientos en Juba que se ha extendido a cinco ...read more
02/07/2016
 - El Corredor Seco Centroamericano, en particular Guatemala, Honduras y El Salvador está viviendo una de las sequias más graves de estos últimos 10 años, dejando a ...read more
29/06/2016
 - Una gran parte del Yemen -19 de un total de 22 provincias- se enfrenta a una situación de grave inseguridad alimentaria, según una nueva evaluación conjunta ...read more
21/06/2016
 - El desarrollo sostenible no puede lograrse sin medios de vida resilientes. La FAO ayuda a los países para aumentar la resiliencia de las familias, comunidades e ...read more
17/06/2016
 - Salvar medios de subsistencia salva vidas.
28/05/2016
 - La Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura (FAO) y el Programa Mundial de Alimentos (PMA) han comenzado a suministrar semillas, aperos ...read more
25/05/2016
« Previous 1 2 3 4 5 ... 36