Inicio  > Crisis > Crisis in the Horn of Africa

FAO in emergencies app

Download now!

Connect with us

Crisis in the Horn of Africa

Crisis in the Horn of Africa

Crisis in the Horn of Africa

In 2011, the Horn of Africa (HoA) faced one of the driest years since 1950/51, causing a food crisis that escalated into famine in parts of the region, such as southern Somalia. By the end of July 2011, some 12.4 million people were in need of urgent assistance not only to save their lives, but also to recover their livelihoods; this number nearly doubled in the subsequent months given the rapid deterioration of the situation.

In order to both respond to the crisis and ensure that communities are better equipped to cope with droughts in the future, FAO has assisted local populations and governments with:

  • Rehabilitating water sources and establishing small-scale irrigation systems
  • Distributing seeds, tools and other agricultural inputs
  • Providing plant and animal disease control
  • Carrying out animal vaccination campaigns
  • Supporting coordination of food and nutrition security strategies, conducting real-time analysis of changing conditions and issuing timely reports of the current status of hazards, risks and vulnerabilities in the region
  • Implementing cash-for-work activities

About 80 percent of people in HoA rely on agriculture and pastoralism as their primary source of food and income. In the fight against hunger, it is essential that more focus be placed on restoring, protecting and strengthening the means of agriculture and pastoral dependent groups to continue their way of life and to increase their resilience to future climatic shocks.

Compared to the beginning of the 1990s, productivity in some parts of the region (for staple food crops per land area) has strongly increased. However, with rapid population growth, reduced arable land by subsistence farmers and migration to marginal lands, the deepening effects of climate change and continued marginalization of Horn of African economies in the global economy, there is increased pressure on the Horn’s relatively scarce resources. The situation has been exacerbated by high local cereal prices, excessive livestock mortality, conflict and restricted humanitarian access in some areas, which contribute to the challenges in the efforts to break the cycle of food insecurity.

Drought is a chronic hazard in the region, and has been for centuries. Pastoralism, and in particular agropastoralism, is a dynamic and sustainable livelihood system that has adapted to the particularly harsh conditions in many areas of the HoA. In fact, about 80 percent of the people in this region rely on agriculture and pastoralism as their primary source of food and income. In the fight against hunger, it is essential that more focus be placed on restoring, protecting and strengthening the means of agriculture and pastoral dependent groups to continue their way of life and to increase their resilience to future climatic shocks. 

The provision of agricultural assistance promotes stability and thus prevents food crises from worsening in these affected countries, while also limiting the negative impact of further reductions in food supplies. It also contributes to preventing displacement, unemployment, the sale of productive assets, the worsening of health indicators and dependence on food aid and other forms of relief assistance.

Related Topics

 - Since March 2011, violence in Syria has claimed hundreds of thousands of lives and injured countless civilians. Well over half of the population has fled their homes, including 6.1 million people ...READ MORE
 -  In the past Earthquake in 2015 Agriculture plays an important role in Nepal’s economy, but the country’s small-scale producers face many challenges. Access to quality inputs, decent roads, irrigation and markets is ...READ MORE
 - La crisis que afecta a la cuenca del lago Chad tiene sus raíces en décadas de abandono, ausencia de desarrollo rural y en el impacto del ...read more
11/04/2017
 - El Director General de la FAO, José Graziano da Silva, aseguró hoy al visitar una de las zonas afectadas por el conflicto en el noreste de ...read more
07/04/2017
 - El Director General de la FAO, José Graziano da Silva, realizó esta semana su primera visita oficial al Chad, en un esfuerzo para llamar urgentemente la ...read more
07/04/2017
 - El Príncipe Carlos de Gales visitó hoy la FAO, donde representantes de los tres organismos alimentarios de la ONU con sede en Roma le pusieron al ...read more
05/04/2017
 - El conflicto armado en Siria ha causado daños y pérdidas ingentes a la producción agrícola, pero el sector puede y debe reactivarse ahora, reduciendo sensiblemente las ...read more
03/04/2017
 - A pesar de los esfuerzos frente al hambre a nivel internacional, cerca de 108 millones de personas que viven en 48 países con crisis alimentarias tenían ...read more
31/03/2017
 - El mundo enfrenta las mayores crisis alimentarias en 70 años.
31/03/2017
 - La FAO ampliará sus operaciones en las regiones de Somalia afectadas por la sequía gracias a una contribución de 22 millones de dólares aprobada esta semana ...read more
21/03/2017
 - La resurgencia de un brote de una nueva cepa de influenza aviar que puede ser letal para los seres humanos pone de manifiesto la necesidad de ...read more
17/03/2017
 - La inseguridad alimentaria amenaza a más de 17 millones de personas en Yemen, país asolado por el conflicto, según el último análisis de la Clasificación Integrada ...read more
15/03/2017
« Previous 1 2 3 4 5 ... 41