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Major food crisis looms in CAR
Farmers in the Central African Republic, which has been immersed in violence since a coup in March 2013, urgently need more seeds and tools to avert a nationwide food crisis, aid agencies have warned. As many as “94 percent of communities report that they do not have enough seeds to plant for the next agricultural season” in March, according to the findings of a Multisectorial Initial Rapid Assessment (MIRA) of humanitarian needs in CAR undertaken by several UN agencies.
“A high proportion of farmers were unable to sow their fields for the last season or sowed only a reduced area so this year food stocks will run low sooner,” the Food and Agriculture Organisation’s Emergencies Director Dominique Burgeon told a news conference in Bangui this week.
“People told us their fields had been burned, they have lost their tools, their goats and poultry, and many women’s groups have lost their milling equipment. All this has had a serious impact on food security; we estimate that currently 1.2 million people in the country are food insecure, and 40% of those severely food insecure.”
“Normally in this country the hunger gap starts in July but this year we expect it to start in February,” he added. Burgeon said considerable amounts of food aid are needed urgently to cover the hunger gap, and beyond that it is essential to give people the means to restart production. FAO, he said, has decided to treat the CAR as a priority for the whole organisation and to lobby not only for a short term response but also for a longer term revival of the country’s agricultural sector.
The severity of the agricultural crisis was underlined at the same news conference by John Ging, operations director for the UN’s Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. “The most urgent needs are… assistance with seeds and tools for helping people to recover their livelihoods. We in the international community have to mobilise very strongly in support of agriculture in this country. We’ve got to focus on helping people to help themselves,” he said.
OCHA estimates that 886,000 people are displaced in CAR, including 500,000 in Bangui. The hundreds of thousands displaced in the countryside need to go home for the planting season, said Ging. He emphasised that 2.6 million (half the population) now need humanitarian assistance, owing to acute poverty as well as widespread displacement.
“Seeds and food stocks are in short supply: most people surveyed said their meal consumption has dropped from three times to once a day”. According to the rapid assessment , farmers in many areas planted a smaller acreage than usual last year owing to insecurity, which forced them to plant in areas further from their villages where less land had been cleared.
This displacement of farming activity as well as destruction and pillaging has meant that seeds and food stocks are in short supply: most people surveyed said their meal consumption has dropped from three times to once a day. Encouragingly, the report says “78% of respondents state that farmers will be cultivating in upcoming weeks… according to direct observation even displaced farmers will have easier access to land, and more time to open fields than last year. Thus provision of agricultural inputs and support, such as seeds is crucial to restore their productive capacities.”
Besides food security, the report lists priority needs in north western districts as health, protection, and water, sanitation and hygiene. In the capital, the assessment lists priority needs as immediate survival assistance, health, security and protection and information on humanitarian aid.
Ging said that everywhere he had gone in the CAR, women had said that education was also a priority. 62% of the schools in Bangui, he said, had been occupied. He applauded the fact that 76 international aid organisations are present in CAR, but noted that more are needed. “If you go to any of the countries where we have very large humanitarian operations, you will see all of the big NGOs present. Many of those large international organisations are not present in this country, and we need them to come here urgently. We need their expertise and their experience.”
Much more funding is also needed, he said. “We have a humanitarian plan which is (costed) at $247 million, and so far we have only received $30 million in support of that.” The $247 million figure dates from last year, he added, and the needs will increase significantly.