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Emergency assistance for the prevention and detection of priority livestock infectious diseases in Afghanistan

Emergency assistance for the prevention and detection of priority livestock infectious diseases in Afghanistan

Full title of the project:

Emergency assistance for the prevention and detection of priority livestock infectious diseases with reproductive failure and abortion

Target areas:

select 18 provinces.

Recipient:
Contribution:
USD 400 000
Implementation:
15/12/2010-31/10/2011
Project code:
OSRO/AFG/005/USA
Objective:

To provide a robust estimation of the prevalence of brucellosis in comparison to other causes of small ruminant abortions and stillbirths.

Key partners:

The Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL) and the Ministry of Public Health (MoPH).

Beneficiaries reached:

770 sheep and goat owners in 18 provinces where the prevalence of the disease was detected, and 400 owners from three districts in Bamyan Province as beneficiaries of the vaccination campaign.

Activities implemented:
  • Training of field veterinarians in performing necropsies of aborted or stillborn ruminants and proper sample collection, as well as appropriate biosafety handling and packing of samples for shipment to the central laboratory in Kabul.
  • Training of the Central Veterinary Diagnostic and Research Laboratory (CVDRL) staff in proper diagnostic procedures to identify the bacteria involved with minimal risk of self-infections.
  • Technical assistance provided to the epidemiologists in data information management from the field and laboratory.
  • Procurement and distribution of diagnostic and surveillance equipment, as well as maintenance of laboratory equipment.
Impact:
  • Improved knowledge of livestock infectious diseases and causes of abortion and stillbirths in small ruminants.
  • Increased capacity of the CVDRL and Regional laboratory to perform diagnosis of brucellosis and other infectious diseases, as well as of the surveillance teams to collect and report samples.
  • Technical recommendations were made to provide a foundation upon which a comprehensive national vaccination strategy can be developed.