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Building resilience and self-reliance of livestock keepers by improving control of foot and mouth disease (FMD) and other transboundary animal diseases (TADs)

Building resilience and self-reliance of livestock keepers by improving control of foot and mouth disease (FMD) and other transboundary animal diseases (TADs)

Full title of the project:

Building resilience and self-reliance of livestock keepers by improving control of foot and mouth disease (FMD) and other transboundary animal diseases (TADs)

Target areas:

Afghanistan

Recipient:
Donor:
Contribution:
USD 16 754 787
19/11/2014-18/11/2017
Project code:
OSRO/AFG/402/JPN
Objective:

To strengthen food security and improve resilience of livestock farmers, through curtailing losses caused by diseases and improving productivity of livestock by strengthening disease surveillance, prevention and control.

Key partners:

Government of Japan, Government of Afghanistan Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL), Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs), Agriculture and Veterinary Institutes (AVIs), Kandahar University, Dairy Unions and Veterinary Field Units (VFUs)

Beneficiaries reached:

MAIL, General Directorate of Animal Health and Livestock (GDAHL), Central Veterinary Diseases Research Laboratory (CVDRL), Kandahar University, Dairy Unions, AVIs, VFUs, Balkh and Herat regional laboratories, livestock owners, producers and traders and their families.

Activities implemented:
  • Established GDAHL vaccine bank with cold rooms to store 10 million vaccine doses.
  • Defined and established procedures and mechanisms for animal vaccination in Afghanistan.
  • Vaccinated 12.5 million sheep and goats against peste des petits ruminants (PPR).
  • Vaccinated 900 000 cattle against FMD through farmers in national Dairy Unions.
  • Supplied CVDRL with advanced equipment for identifying diseases at molecular level.
  • Equipped regional laboratories at Balkh and Herat with diagnostic equipment.
  • Distributed two million flyers on animal diseases to 150 000 Kuchi households and 46 000 livestock keeper’s households.
  • Facilitated training of 80 students and 24 teachers from eight AVIs.
  • Enabled training of 80 Kuchi community leaders/focal-points and 514 Community Based Livestock Extension Workers (trained by trained personnel from AVIs).
  • Trained 120 VFUs in participatory disease surveillance and animal disease reporting.
  • Developed a risk-based strategic plan for FMD and PPR disease control.
  • Established eight livestock information points in live animal markets in eight provinces.
  • Contracted 73 VFUs through the Sanitary Mandate Contract Scheme in 10 provinces, to improve the reporting system for animal diseases.
Impact:
  • Built disease surveillance and reporting capacity through training and contracting VFUs and training personnel from AVIs, who in turn trained community leaders and community-based livestock extension workers.
  • Enhanced diagnostic capability of central and regional laboratories through provision of equipment.
  • Strengthened disease prevention by vaccinating animals and raising stakeholder awareness of animal health practices and vaccination.
  • Facilitated Afghanistan advancing to Stage Two of the Progressive Control Plan (PCP) for FMD, under the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) framework.
  • Improved resilience of livestock farmers to animal diseases and hence strengthened food security.