Revised Kyrgyzstan Flash Appeal 2010
Humanitarian needs remain high in southern Kyrgyzstan as 400 000 people struggle to recover from the severe outbreaks of violence in Osh (10 June 2010), Jalal-Abad (13 June 2010) and surrounding districts. The crisis caused devastating losses to human life, property and livelihoods.
In the affected area, which is home to a considerable Uzbek minority, one-third of the population was impacted directly: 300 000 people were internally displaced, 75 000 fled to Uzbekistan and 25 000 remained in the conflict zones. Overall, security has stabilized since the constitutional referendum of 27 June, enabling 80 percent of displaced persons to return and increased access by humanitarian partners to identify and address needs. Currently, 37 500 people lack shelter, less than three months prior to the rainy season and onset of winter.
Recovery from the extensive trauma and losses, and addressing protection and human rights concerns require considerable and urgent action. The Kyrgyzstan Flash Appeal was launched on 18 June 2010 to mobilize life-saving and time-critical support. With increased access by humanitarian partners to assess the affected areas, the Appeal was revised on 23 July to reflect a more comprehensive and evidence-based account of needs and required funding. The Revised Appeal seeks USD 96.45 million in response to the protection and humanitarian needs of 400 000 people.
Challenges facing food security and agriculture
Agriculture provides a livelihood to 65 percent of the population and a main source of food to urban areas, mainly through small farms and household plots, which generate 98 percent of gross agricultural output. The sector, however, is highly inefficient and subject to recurring natural- and human-induced disasters, such as the June floods and civil unrest in April that halted agricultural activity at the peak of spring planting. The rise in global costs has drained household earnings, leaving poor families unable to meet their basic needs or to replenish livelihood assets in order to secure food and income. Prior to the June crisis, 37 percent of affected households were food-insecure.
The food security situation is expected to deteriorate in areas hosting displaced persons in the next five months and particularly in winter, due to lack of safe access to land, pastures and markets, distress sale of assets, lower stocks for winter and reduced agricultural income. An estimated 37 000 ha of land sustained 20-100 percent yield losses, which will likely reduce the income of 0.5 million people. Increased grain loss and reduced cereal yields may occur if harvesting is delayed. According to assessments carried out by the Government and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), 19 652 ha of irrigated crops lack sufficient water, with farmers likely to miss the October-November planting season.
Results from a FAO/World Food Programme (WFP) Crop and Food Supply Assessment Mission will soon be available, which will further inform interventions in the agriculture sector. It is anticipated that the humanitarian needs of food-insecure families throughout the country will increase into the winter lean season (January-June 2011). Urgent assistance is needed to ensure basic food security for 353 000 people. Without timely support, affected families risk falling into longer-term hunger and destitution.
FAO has worked with WFP and partners to develop the Food Security and Agriculture Response Plan of the Revised Kyrgyzstan Flash Appeal. FAO and WFP are co-leading the Food Security and Agriculture Cluster to ensure a coordinated and effective response, reaching families most in need. Under the Revised Appeal, FAO seeks USD 5.7 million to:
- provide time-critical agricultural inputs and technical assistance (e.g. seeds, fertilizers, veterinary support);
- rehabilitate small-scale irrigation infrastructure; and
- support the effective coordination of emergency agriculture and rehabilitation interventions.