Revised Côte d'Ivoire and Neighbouring Countries Emergency Humanitarian Action Plan 2011
Since January 2011, the Côte d’Ivoire crisis has worsened rapidly affecting two million people in the country, resulting in 800 000 internally displaced people (IDPs). More than 130 000 people have fled the country, mainly to Liberia, Ghana, Guinea and Togo. Heavy fighting has occurred in Abidjan and in the western and central regions. In addition to displacements, the political crisis in Côte d’Ivoire has led to severely diminished access to health, education and land, and is slowly eroding the coping mechanisms of the most vulnerable families. The situation of women and children, in particular, is likely to further deteriorate.
The revised Emergency Humanitarian Action Plan (EHAP) developed by cluster leads in Côte d’Ivoire under the leadership of the humanitarian coordinator and by the regional sectoral focal point was launched on 8 April 2011, requesting USD 160 444 033 in support of humanitarian preparedness and response efforts to cover the most urgent needs for the next nine months.
Challenges facing food security and agriculture
The breakdown of transportation routes and the poor supply of goods to local markets have increased the vulnerability of the local population, mostly due to rising food and fuel prices. In the long run, this could impact the nutritional status of vulnerable children. Although 2010 was a successful crop season, support and monitoring services for the farming and agriculture activities have been disrupted. Destruction of crops and seeds, as well as the loss of livestock and other economic goods, have decreased the purchasing power and compromised the food security of the most vulnerable populations and made the provision of humanitarian aid vital.
To avoid inter-community tension and further deterioration of social conditions, a regional multi-sector response plan addressing refugees, returnees and Third Country Nationals (TCN) is crucial. The high number of displaced families is weakening the capacities of local communities to sustain their livelihoods. The food security situation of the refugees in the eight neighbouring countries (Benin, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Niger, Nigeria and Togo) could rapidly worsen if no emergency agricultural action is taken. Urgent needs of families returning to their place of origin also have to be considered.
The Food Security Cluster, co-led by FAO and the World Food Programme, is appealing for USD 16 143 470 in order to:
- save lives, provide and protect livelihoods of host communities, IDPs, TCN, returnees and refugees through food aid, support to agricultural production and income generation;
- reinforce preparedness, coordination and food security information sharing capacities with stakeholders in the affected countries.
Under this revised EHAP, FAO is seeking USD 4 252 200 to improve the food security of IDPs, host and local communities and to reinforce regional and national capacities to better respond to food insecurity.