Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso continues to face an unprecedented humanitarian crisis due to insecurity and intercommunity conflict, increased competition for natural resources, climatic hazards and the negative effects of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). These factors have triggered exponential population displacements and disrupted households’ livelihoods, leading to a sharp increase in the levels of food insecurity and malnutrition. In this context, COVID-19 and related containment measures have significantly weakened the country’s socio-economic situation, leading to higher unemployment and reduced incomes, particularly in the six regions already affected by insecurity − the Boucle de Mouhoun, Centre-Est, Est, Centre-Nord, Nord and Sahel.

Impact on households’ livelihoods

The rapid deterioration of the security situation in the country has led to the displacement of thousands of people, which has intensified existing intercommunity conflict, significantly eroding social cohesion. Furthermore, while below-average rainfall and moisture deficits may lead to limited production, particularly for the main cereal season in the southwestern part of the country, the central and north-central regions have been affected by floods and strong winds causing loss of lives, animals and productive assets, as well as damaging crops and infrastructure. As a result, the latest Cadre Harmonisé analysis (March 2021) indicates that 2.7 million people are estimated to be in acute food insecurity (Phase 3 and above) in June-August 2021.

FAO’s response

In this deteriorating humanitarian context, exacerbated by the impacts of COVID-19, providing emergency agricultural assistance to both displaced and host communities is essential to protect their agriculture-based livelihoods, and allow them to produce their own food and generate income. Under the 2021 Humanitarian Response Plan, FAO is requesting USD 41 million to assist 1.15 million people to strengthen their resilience through seed and tool distributions, vaccination campaigns for vulnerable pastoralists, as well as cash-based transfers. In addition, the implementation of anticipatory and rapid response actions will prevent a further deterioration in household food insecurity and develop a consultation framework to promote social cohesion and peaceful transhumance. Finally, FAO continues to work to strengthen capacities in prevention, detection and response to disease threats, with the FAO Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases in Burkina Faso.

 

More about the country

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