Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso

In the past

The security situation in Burkina Faso has continued to deteriorate since December 2018, particularly in the Sahel, Centre-Nord, Nord and Est regions, including in the area of Liptako Gourma (the cross-border area between Mali, the Niger and Burkina Faso). This is aggravating the vulnerability of refugees, host communities and displaced populations. While humanitarian indicators have not yet reached emergency levels, the situation is likely to continue to deteriorate if the response is not scaled-up, especially during the upcoming lean season.

The prevailing insecurity continues to displace hundreds of families, forcing 115 000 people from their homes, the majority of whom since the beginning of 2019 alone. Furthermore, 25 000 Malians fleeing the conflict have found refuge mainly in Burkina Faso’s Sahel region, increasing pressure on vulnerable populations’ already limited resources.

Despite overall improvements in agricultural production – i.e. cereal production is up by 12 percent compared with the five-year average and by 22 percent compared with last year – well supplied markets and stable food prices, food insecurity levels remain above the five-year average. The latest Cadre Harmonisé analysis (November 2018) indicates that 307 000 people are estimated to be severely food insecure – over double compared with the same period during the previous year – and this figure is expected to increase to 676 000 people during June–August 2019, if appropriate mitigation measures are not taken.

Although above-average rainfall in 2018 contributed to good pasture across most of the country, it is unevenly distributed and half of the provinces have declared to have pasture deficits, affecting the livelihoods of pastoral households.

Strengthening resilience

Under Burkina Faso’s 2019 Emergency Response Plan, FAO is requesting USD 80 million to support more than 700 000 agropastoralists and pastoralists with life-saving and livelihood activities in the most affected regions. The aim is to build a resilient and sustainable agropastoral system, taking into account the specific needs of men and women, in order to contribute to economic development, social cohesion and the preservation of natural resources, thereby improving food security and nutrition in Burkina Faso. FAO’s main priorities are to:

  • assist the most vulnerable households in their immediate needs for food, money, commodities and knowledge to improve their diets;
  • strengthen nutrition-sensitive agricultural production and protect livelihoods through multiple interventions;
  • protect the livelihoods of agropastoral and pastoral populations affected by climate hazards by promoting the recapitalization of livestock and reducing livestock losses;
  • promote the integrated management of natural resources and facilitate access to water for households and animals through the rehabilitation and development of water points and provision of drinking water conservation structures including tanks and reservoirs; 
  • organize training sessions and disseminate messages of practices for improved nutrition and food hygiene, conservation, culinary practices; and
  • improve the effectiveness and coordination of local and national programmes for a sustainable agropastoral system.

Controlling transboundary animal diseases

FAO animal health is building capacity to prevent, detect and respond to disease threats. Activities are implemented by FAO’s Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases (ECTAD) in Burkina Faso and 34 other countries. Many communities rely on animals for their livelihoods as well as their food security and nutrition. When diseases jump from animals to humans they can spread around the world in a matter of hours or days, posing a threat to global health security. FAO is working to reduce the impact of animal diseases on lives and livelihoods, and helping to stop emergence and spread of potential pandemics at source.


More about the country

 - Key points Given the resurgence of violence in Burkina Faso, agricultural activities have dropped by 20–70 percent in crisis-affected areas where half of the land will not ...read more
 - Depuis début 2018, le Burkina Faso est confronté à une crise humanitaire sans précédent. La détérioration rapide de l’insécurité et l’augmentation soudaine des attaques armées ont ...read more
 - Intersectoral collaborations between the animal and human health sectors to combat zoonotic diseases have always been very difficult and complex. Recognizing the importance of a multidisciplinary ...read more
 - Food insecurity and malnutrition are exacerbated by persistent conflict and violence, severely affecting communities particularly in the Lake Chad region, eastern and western Niger, northern and ...read more
 -  to assist 323 390 people FAO requires USD 11.6 million period August – December 2019                                 Since the beginning of 2018, the security crisis across the Sahel region has sharply deteriorated particularly in Burkina ...read more
 - The Early Warning Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). It ...read more
 - La note de plaidoyer conjoint entre l’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture (FAO) et le Programme alimentaire mondial (PAM) vise à mettre l’accent sur ...read more
 - Key points Burkina Faso is facing an unprecedented humanitarian crisis, mainly due to a recent upsurge in violence by non‑identified armed groups and increased inter-communal conflict. In ...read more
 - End of April, early morning departure from Dakar with colleagues from FAO and some journalists, to meet with some beneficiaries of the initiative called “1 million ...read more
 - Key points Following the impact of severe drought that decimated pasture, livestock and crops in 2018, the situation of millions of affected families is still fragile. If adequate ...read more