Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso

In the past

Since 2018, Burkina Faso has been facing an unprecedented humanitarian crisis, particularly affecting the Centre-North, East, North and Sahel regions, as well as the area of Liptako Gourma (the cross-border area between Mali, the Niger and Burkina Faso). This is aggravating the vulnerability of refugees, host communities and internally displaced people. Difficult access to fields, the destruction of production infrastructures, livestock loss and looting, as well as the intensification of intercommunal conflict have hindered market functioning and eroded livelihoods.

With insecurity rapidly worsening, nearly half a million people have been forced from their homes - a sharp increase compared with 80 000 in January 2019. Furthermore, about 26 000 Malians fleeing the conflict have found refuge mainly in Burkina Faso’s Sahel region, increasing pressure on vulnerable populations’ already limited resources.

Agricultural activities have decreased by 20–70 percent in crisis-affected areas, where there is a 50-percent drop in land cultivation compared with 2017/18. In hosting areas, competition for natural resources is exacerbated by high population concentration, affecting social cohesion and the sustainability of these resources, particularly during the dry season. Displaced and host populations are therefore at risk of facing food shortages and increased prices of staple foods. The latest Cadre Harmonisé analysis (April 2019) indicates that 687 460 people were projected to be severely food insecure for the period of June–August 2019, and this figure is expected to increase during the next round of analysis (November 2019).

Growing humanitarian needs are jeopardizing development gains and social cohesion in Burkina Faso. As 80 percent of the country’s population relies on crop and livestock production for their livelihoods and the crisis has mainly affected rural areas, providing agricultural support is crucial for improved food security and strengthening the resilience of affected populations.

Strengthening resilience

FAO has scaled up its response in the country. Under Burkina Faso’s 2019 Emergency Response Plan, FAO is requesting USD 80 million to support more than 700 000 agro/pastoralists with livelihood activities in the most affected regions. The aim is to build a resilient and sustainable agropastoral system, taking into account the specific needs of men and women, in order to contribute to economic development, social cohesion and the preservation of natural resources, thereby improving food security and nutrition in Burkina Faso.

Furthermore, FAO and WFP have developed a joint response plan requiring USD 50 million to meet the immediate needs of 500 000 crisis-affected people in the country during the dry season, through various activities, including cash for work to rehabilitate land, rice and vegetable production, the provision of livestock support, micro-gardening, etc. The current dry season in Burkina Faso is an opportunity to significantly increase the food production of vulnerable families and promote their self-reliance in order to avoid increased dependence on humanitarian aid.

Controlling transboundary animal diseases

FAO animal health is building capacity to prevent, detect and respond to disease threats. Activities are implemented by FAO’s Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases (ECTAD) in Burkina Faso and 34 other countries. Many communities rely on animals for their livelihoods as well as their food security and nutrition. When diseases jump from animals to humans they can spread around the world in a matter of hours or days, posing a threat to global health security. FAO is working to reduce the impact of animal diseases on lives and livelihoods, and helping to stop emergence and spread of potential pandemics at source.


More about the country

 - The Early Warning Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). It ...read more
 - La FAO, en collaboration avec ses partenaires et le Gouvernement du Burkina Faso, a officiellement lancé, à Kaya dans la région du Centre-Nord, le projet intitulé ...read more
 -  Despite overall satisfactory agricultural production, ongoing civil insecurity in the region remains the main driver of food insecurity in the Sahel, with worsening levels of food ...read more
 - See the differences between the two analysis moving the slider. Projected food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa: as for June-August 2020. The Cadre Harmonisé analysis ...read more
 - Food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa: as for October-December 2019. The Cadre Harmonisé analysis covers 18 countries of the region: Benin, Burkina Faso, ...read more
 - Since the beginning of 2018, Burkina Faso has been facing an unprecedented humanitarian crisis. The rapid deterioration of insecurity has resulted in the displacement of nearly ...read more
 - Thanks to the contribution from the Kingdom of Sweden, FAO planned to provide unconditional cash transfers to 10 000 households during the lean season in Burkina ...read more
 - L’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture (FAO) et la Belgique, à travers le Fonds spécial pour les activités d’urgence et de relèvement (SFERA), joignent ...read more
 - Increased insecurity in Burkina Faso has resulted in a deepening and unprecedented humanitarian situation, forcing nearly half a million people from their homes. The number of ...read more
 - The Early Warning Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). It ...read more