Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso continues to face an unprecedented humanitarian crisis due to insecurity and intercommunity conflict, increased competition for natural resources, climatic hazards and the negative effects of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). These factors have triggered exponential population displacements and disrupted households’ livelihoods, leading to a sharp increase in the levels of food insecurity and malnutrition. In this context, COVID-19 and related containment measures have significantly weakened the country’s socio-economic situation, leading to higher unemployment and reduced incomes, particularly in the six regions already affected by insecurity − the Boucle de Mouhoun, Centre-Est, Est, Centre-Nord, Nord and Sahel.

Impact on households’ livelihoods

The rapid deterioration of the security situation in the country has led to the displacement of thousands of people, which has intensified existing intercommunity conflict, significantly eroding social cohesion. Furthermore, while below-average rainfall and moisture deficits may lead to limited production, particularly for the main cereal season in the southwestern part of the country, the central and north-central regions have been affected by floods and strong winds causing loss of lives, animals and productive assets, as well as damaging crops and infrastructure. As a result, the latest Cadre Harmonisé analysis (March 2021) indicates that 2.7 million people are estimated to be in acute food insecurity (Phase 3 and above) in June-August 2021.

FAO’s response

In this deteriorating humanitarian context, exacerbated by the impacts of COVID-19, providing emergency agricultural assistance to both displaced and host communities is essential to protect their agriculture-based livelihoods, and allow them to produce their own food and generate income. Under the 2021 Humanitarian Response Plan, FAO is requesting USD 41 million to assist 1.15 million people to strengthen their resilience through seed and tool distributions, vaccination campaigns for vulnerable pastoralists, as well as cash-based transfers. In addition, the implementation of anticipatory and rapid response actions will prevent a further deterioration in household food insecurity and develop a consultation framework to promote social cohesion and peaceful transhumance. Finally, FAO continues to work to strengthen capacities in prevention, detection and response to disease threats, with the FAO Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases in Burkina Faso.


More about the country

 - On 7 September 2021, FAO and the Government of Burkina Faso signed an agreement to support the development of the livestock sector in the country, thanks ...read more
 - In Burkina Faso, the exacerbation of conflicts over natural resources and the rapid development of insecurity are sources of major concern for both the public authorities ...read more
 - La FAO, son partenaire opérationnel et le service de l’agriculture du Ministère de l’agriculture et des aménagements hydro-agricoles du Burkina Faso ont effectué une mission de ...read more
 - Grâce à l’appui financier du Canada et de la Suède, la FAO soutient le Gouvernement du Burkina Faso, dans le cadre de l’Initiative du Président qui ...read more
 - Apporter une réponse d’urgence aux personnes déplacées internes (PDI) et aux communautés hôtes dans les régions du Centre-Nord, Est, Nord et Sahel et renforcer leur résilience ...read more
 - Au Burkina Faso, les quatre régions les plus touchées par la crise sécuritaire – le Centre-Nord, l’Est, le Nord et le Sahel – continuent de faire ...read more
 - Technical officers from the Tripartite Organizations: the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and the World ...read more
 - Améliorer la sécurité alimentaire des ménages vulnérables pastoraux et agropastoraux à travers le renforcement de leurs moyens d’existence face aux chocs climatiques et économiques.
 - The 2021 Global Report on Food Crises showed that the number of people facing hunger is on the rise. Conflict remains the main driver of acute ...read more