Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso

In the past

The security situation in Burkina Faso has continued to deteriorate since December 2018, particularly in the Sahel, Centre-Nord, Nord and Est regions, including in the area of Liptako Gourma (the cross-border area between Mali, the Niger and Burkina Faso). This is aggravating the vulnerability of refugees, host communities and displaced populations. While humanitarian indicators have not yet reached emergency levels, the situation is likely to continue to deteriorate if the response is not scaled-up, especially during the upcoming lean season.

The prevailing insecurity continues to displace hundreds of families, forcing 115 000 people from their homes, the majority of whom since the beginning of 2019 alone. Furthermore, 25 000 Malians fleeing the conflict have found refuge mainly in Burkina Faso’s Sahel region, increasing pressure on vulnerable populations’ already limited resources.

Despite overall improvements in agricultural production – i.e. cereal production is up by 12 percent compared with the five-year average and by 22 percent compared with last year – well supplied markets and stable food prices, food insecurity levels remain above the five-year average. The latest Cadre Harmonisé analysis (November 2018) indicates that 307 000 people are estimated to be severely food insecure – over double compared with the same period during the previous year – and this figure is expected to increase to 676 000 people during June–August 2019, if appropriate mitigation measures are not taken.

Although above-average rainfall in 2018 contributed to good pasture across most of the country, it is unevenly distributed and half of the provinces have declared to have pasture deficits, affecting the livelihoods of pastoral households.

Strengthening resilience

Under Burkina Faso’s 2019 Emergency Response Plan, FAO is requesting USD 80 million to support more than 700 000 agropastoralists and pastoralists with life-saving and livelihood activities in the most affected regions. The aim is to build a resilient and sustainable agropastoral system, taking into account the specific needs of men and women, in order to contribute to economic development, social cohesion and the preservation of natural resources, thereby improving food security and nutrition in Burkina Faso. FAO’s main priorities are to:

  • assist the most vulnerable households in their immediate needs for food, money, commodities and knowledge to improve their diets;
  • strengthen nutrition-sensitive agricultural production and protect livelihoods through multiple interventions;
  • protect the livelihoods of agropastoral and pastoral populations affected by climate hazards by promoting the recapitalization of livestock and reducing livestock losses;
  • promote the integrated management of natural resources and facilitate access to water for households and animals through the rehabilitation and development of water points and provision of drinking water conservation structures including tanks and reservoirs; 
  • organize training sessions and disseminate messages of practices for improved nutrition and food hygiene, conservation, culinary practices; and
  • improve the effectiveness and coordination of local and national programmes for a sustainable agropastoral system.

Controlling transboundary animal diseases

FAO animal health is building capacity to prevent, detect and respond to disease threats. Activities are implemented by FAO’s Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases (ECTAD) in Burkina Faso and 34 other countries. Many communities rely on animals for their livelihoods as well as their food security and nutrition. When diseases jump from animals to humans they can spread around the world in a matter of hours or days, posing a threat to global health security. FAO is working to reduce the impact of animal diseases on lives and livelihoods, and helping to stop emergence and spread of potential pandemics at source.


More about the country

 - End of April, early morning departure from Dakar with colleagues from FAO and some journalists, to meet with some beneficiaries of the initiative called “1 million ...read more
 - Key points Following the impact of severe drought that decimated pasture, livestock and crops in 2018, the situation of millions of affected families is still fragile. If adequate ...read more
 - See the differences between the two analysis moving the slider. Projected food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa: as for June-August 2019 over 10.6 million ...read more
 - The Early Warning Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). It ...read more
 - Food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa: as for March-May 2019. The Cadre Harmonisé analysis covers 18 countries of the region: Benin, Burkina Faso, ...read more
 - This brochure highlights the objectives and key information of the FAO project entitled “One million cisterns for the Sahel”. It aims to illustrate the project activities’ ...read more
 - Los responsables de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura (FAO), del Fondo Internacional de Desarrollo Agrícola (FIDA) y del Programa ...read more
 - Un nuevo informe de la FAO lanza la voz de alarma sobre algunas de las crisis en el mundo que sufren mayor carencia de fondos y ...read more
 - In the first half of 2018, conflicts, droughts and floods in countries already experiencing complex crises have left millions of people facing a further deterioration in their food security ...read more
 - Nearly 6 million people are estimated to be severely food insecure during the lean season (June‒August) in the Sahel. Unless urgent action is taken, the number ...read more