Somalia

Somalia

In the past

Read more about FAO in emergencies and the the drought in the Horn of Africa

Poor rains and extended drought over multiple seasons have had a major impact on rural livelihoods and food security in Somalia, pushing the country to the brink of famine, just five years after the crisis of 2011 that claimed the lives of over a quarter of a million people.

Over half of the country’s population -- 6.7 million people –are now acutely food insecure (IPC 2,3 and 4). That is up from 6.2 million in February. Of these, 3.2 million are coping with severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3 and 4). Food insecurity is particularly intense in rural areas: 68 percent (2.2 million) of all people in IPC 3 & 4 are rural farmers and pastoralists; 9 out of 10 people at greatest risk – IPC 4, the brink of famine –-are rural.

The April rains that each year support Somalia’s main Gu growing season and rejuvenate pastoral lands have now started – but they started late and rainfall has been below average in many places. Meanwhile, displacement, disease and compounding needs are causing food security to further deteriorate. The situation is dire. The risk of famine persists.

large-scale humanitarian surge has managed to hold the line so far through a combination of interventions but needs are growing. Livelihoods are people’s best defense against famine in rural areas. FAO is helping the most at-risk rural families meet their immediate food requirements through cash transfers while giving them the means to continue farming, raising their animals, and producing the food they need to survive the crisis.

These interventions also help mitigate displacement pressures, reduce the overall humanitarian burden, and lay the groundwork for future recovery.

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More about the country

 - We met with Reddy Laxman to talk about the Pro-resilience Action (ProAct) project. The project has just finalized its inception phase activities, primarily focused on a ...read more
05/12/2019
 - Somalia has experienced unsustainable natural resource use and environmental degradation, as well as the introduction of foreign plant germplasm, some of which have outcrossed with local ...read more
03/12/2019
 - 12 fishing vessels with inboard diesel engines were handed over by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to the Ministry of Fisheries ...read more
28/11/2019
 - 12 fishing vessels with inboard diesel engines were handed over by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to the Ministry of Fisheries ...read more
28/11/2019
 - A vicious cycle of droughts and flooding has trapped Somalia in a difficult situation over the last few years. Prolonged dry spells have all too often ...read more
25/11/2019
 - Somali farmers are facing a new devastating threat to their crops – the Desert Locust. Swarms of Desert Locusts are currently swelling and migrating, posing a ...read more
12/11/2019
 - Three consecutive failed rainy seasons since early 2016 have drastically reduced Somalis' incomes, assets and food sources. The last three cereal harvests have been very poor ...read more
07/11/2019
 - Somalia has experienced unsustainable natural resource use and environmental degradation, as well as the introduction of foreign plant germplasm, some of which have outcrossed with local ...read more
05/11/2019
 - Key messages The latest food security projections in Somalia (October-December) are a concern:o 2.1 million people in IPC Phases 3-4 (twice the pre-crisis average)o 4.2 million people ...read more
09/10/2019
 - The Food and Nutrition Security Resilience Programme (FNS-REPRO) of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), funded by the Government of the Netherlands, ...read more
30/09/2019