Somalia

Somalia

In the past

Read more about FAO in emergencies and the the drought in the Horn of Africa

Poor rains and extended drought over multiple seasons have had a major impact on rural livelihoods and food security in Somalia, pushing the country to the brink of famine, just five years after the crisis of 2011 that claimed the lives of over a quarter of a million people.

Over half of the country’s population -- 6.7 million people –are now acutely food insecure (IPC 2,3 and 4). That is up from 6.2 million in February. Of these, 3.2 million are coping with severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3 and 4). Food insecurity is particularly intense in rural areas: 68 percent (2.2 million) of all people in IPC 3 & 4 are rural farmers and pastoralists; 9 out of 10 people at greatest risk – IPC 4, the brink of famine –-are rural.

The April rains that each year support Somalia’s main Gu growing season and rejuvenate pastoral lands have now started – but they started late and rainfall has been below average in many places. Meanwhile, displacement, disease and compounding needs are causing food security to further deteriorate. The situation is dire. The risk of famine persists.

large-scale humanitarian surge has managed to hold the line so far through a combination of interventions but needs are growing. Livelihoods are people’s best defense against famine in rural areas. FAO is helping the most at-risk rural families meet their immediate food requirements through cash transfers while giving them the means to continue farming, raising their animals, and producing the food they need to survive the crisis.

These interventions also help mitigate displacement pressures, reduce the overall humanitarian burden, and lay the groundwork for future recovery.

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More about the country

 - Almost 230 000 people who were facing emergency and crisis levels of food insecurity in the first half of 2017 were able to secure a good ...read more
23/02/2018
 - In 2017, FAO used early warning information to prompt early action in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia, easing the impact of drought on pastoralists who were struggling ...read more
14/02/2018
 - IPC projection map of acute food insecurity situation overview in Somalia from 01/02 to 31/06/2018.
10/02/2018
 -  to assist 2.7 million people FAO requires USD 236.5 million period January – December 2018                                 In 2016–2017, Somalia faced one of its harshest droughts in recent history. However, the ongoing drought has ...read more
08/02/2018
 - Con las crisis provocadas por los conflictos y el cambio climático haciendo que -tras décadas de descenso- la cifra de víctimas del hambre en el mundo suba de ...read more
08/02/2018
 - The Global Early Warning - Early Action System (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) through its EWEA. ...read more
04/01/2018
 - Las abundantes cosechas de cereales han incrementado el suministro mundial de alimentos, pero las sequías localizadas, inundaciones y conflictos prolongados han intensificado y perpetuado la inseguridad ...read more
07/12/2017
 - Key messages Rural livelihoods are people’s best defence against famine. Interventions that reinforce rural livelihoods meet immediate food needs, mitigate displacement pressures, reduce the overall humanitarian burden ...read more
04/12/2017
 - FAO has implemented Cash+ programmes in development, humanitarian and recovery contexts in Sub-Saharan Africa, and conducted analyses of other programmes and complementarities.
04/12/2017
 - FAO's Cash transfers activities in Somalia famine response.
18/11/2017