Somalia

Somalia

Read more about FAO in emergencies and the Desert Locust crisis in the Horn of AfricaPoor rains and extended drought over multiple seasons have had a major impact on rural livelihoods and food security in Somalia, pushing the country to the brink of famine, just five years after the crisis of 2011 that claimed the lives of over a quarter of a million people.

Over half of the country’s population -- 6.7 million people –are now acutely food insecure (IPC 2,3 and 4). That is up from 6.2 million in February. Of these, 3.2 million are coping with severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3 and 4). Food insecurity is particularly intense in rural areas: 68 percent (2.2 million) of all people in IPC 3 & 4 are rural farmers and pastoralists; 9 out of 10 people at greatest risk – IPC 4, the brink of famine –-are rural.

The April rains that each year support Somalia’s main Gu growing season and rejuvenate pastoral lands have now started – but they started late and rainfall has been below average in many places. Meanwhile, displacement, disease and compounding needs are causing food security to further deteriorate. The situation is dire. The risk of famine persists.

large-scale humanitarian surge has managed to hold the line so far through a combination of interventions but needs are growing. Livelihoods are people’s best defense against famine in rural areas. FAO is helping the most at-risk rural families meet their immediate food requirements through cash transfers while giving them the means to continue farming, raising their animals, and producing the food they need to survive the crisis.

These interventions also help mitigate displacement pressures, reduce the overall humanitarian burden, and lay the groundwork for future recovery.

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More about the country

 - Some 6.2 million Somalis were acutely food insecure through the end of 2017, up from 5 million in late 2016. Over the past year, Somalia’s nutrition ...read more
21/02/2020
 - Coastal communities in the north of Somalia experienced drought since 2015 followed by Cyclone Sagar in May 2018, which caused significant damage and losses to both ...read more
19/02/2020
 - It’s the worst desert locust outbreak in decades for many countries in the Horn of Africa. Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia are most affected by the locusts. ...read more
15/02/2020
 - Areas affected by the Desert Locust crisis in the Horn of Africa according to the data from the latest FAO Desert Locust bulletin.
12/02/2020
 - The Desert Locust upsurge in the Horn of Africa threatened to provoke a humanitarian crisis and appealed for urgent funding to tackle the outbreak in order ...read more
10/02/2020
 - The Africa Solidarity Trust Fund (ASTF) has donated $1 million to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations to combat the worsening Desert ...read more
07/02/2020
 - The current Desert Locust situation represents a grave threat to food security and livelihoods in the Horn of Africa. Right now Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia are ...read more
04/02/2020
 - In response to poor agricultural production in Somalia, the European Union provided Eur 2 million to FAO in order to strengthen the resilience of target communities, ...read more
04/02/2020
 - IPC projection map of acute food insecurity situation overview in Somalia from 01/01 to 31/06/2020.
03/02/2020
 - General situation during January 2020 and forecast until mid-March 2020.
03/02/2020