Chronic poverty, years of conflict and severe climatic events, including the 2011/2012 drought in the Sahel which triggered a major food and nutrition crisis, have negatively impacted agricultural and livestock production. The influx of refugees and Chadian returnees fleeing violence in neighbouring countries, particularly the Central African Republic, has put further pressure on the fragile food security situation. FAO is working to strengthen the livelihood capacities of the most vulnerable households to ensure they are able to fulfil their basic needs.

Boosting agricultural and pastoral production

Poor rainfall distribution during the 2013 rainy season caused significant cereal deficits in the country’s Sahel region, weakening the livelihoods of the already vulnerable population. Decreased cereal and fodder production have led many families to rely on markets to access both food for themselves and feed for their livestock. Persistently high prices, however, mean that many households are unable to afford the food they need. FAO is providing the necessary seeds and tools that will help restore agricultural production throughout the country.

Pastoralists in areas with heavy fodder deficits face a higher risk of livestock starvation and death, contributing to the reduction in their production capacity, and consequently their purchasing power. To prevent these losses, FAO is providing emergency feed, vaccinating livestock and reinforcing local market access to sell animal products, so that these pastoralists do not lose their capital.

Various crises in the region have led thousands of returnees to lose their productive means and capital during displacement. Communities hosting IDPs, refugees and returnees also struggle to cope with already scarce natural resources. FAO is providing these groups with good quality seeds and tools to reinforce their production capacity and ensure they will be able to provide for themselves.

Supporting home gardening

Many households in Chad are suffering from malnutrition, which is the combined result of food unavailability, food inaccessibility resulting from chronic poverty and a limited understanding of nutrition. FAO is supporting the promotion of off-season garden agriculture to assist Sudanese refugees and other vulnerable populations in the country’s Sahel region by increasing nutritious food consumption and providing additional income. FAO also works on landscaping of home gardening perimeters to give women access to land.

Strengthening coordination and information systems

Chad has an information gap in timely food security data availability that slows down response preparation and does not allow for timely quality actions. FAO is involved in building an efficient food security information system based on national and local capacities in order to assess humanitarian needs early enough to provide relevant and efficient assistance. Strengthening food security information systems is necessary to avoid delays in the humanitarian response.

Delays in appropriate responses to crisis can also be reduced through better response coordination within the humanitarian community. FAO, which co-leads the Food Security Cluster in Chad with the World Food Programme, is working to strengthen the Cluster’s coordination mechanism while building the capacity of partners to respond to recurrent crises.


More about the country

 - Key points Relatively well-distributed rainfall in most of the region with above normal in Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Nigeria and Senegal. Normal availability of pastures in the pastoral more
 - Food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa from 01/08 to 30/08/2016. Compare it with the previous one.
 - Key points: Alarming food situation among IDPs in Maiduguri in Borno State - Nigeria. Progressive and near-final installation of the 2016-2017 crop year. The FAO food price index continues to rise since more
 - Los conflictos prolongados que afectan a 17 países han llevado a millones de personas a una grave situación de inseguridad alimentaria y obstaculizan los esfuerzos mundiales more
 - Keys points: In Chad, food insecurity has deteriorated over the last three years in the Sahelian belt regions. Average rainfall to slightly surplus is very likely on the Sahelian belt. Alarming humanitarian more
 - Massive population displacements and insecurity in the Lake Chad basin are putting livelihoods and food security at high risk. In North East Nigeria alone, the impact more
 - Over the past decade, the Sahel region has witnessed recurrent and multiple shocks. Droughts, floods, conflicts and insecurity have led to the reduction of the most more
 - Key messages After missing three consecutive agricultural seasons, restoring agricultural livelihoods is a priority for host communities and displaced people to avoid the deterioration of the food more
 - Food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa from 01/06 to 30/08/2016. Compare it with the previous one.
 - Appuyer les populations hôtes et la communauté des réfugiés et retournés de la République centrafricaine à assurer la santé de leur bétail par une couverture sanitaire more