Chad (el)

Chad (el)

In addition to being exposed to climatic shocks, Chad is affected by chronic poverty and persistent insecurity, which exacerbate populations’ vulnerabilities. Since 2015, the Lake Chad province in the country has been significantly impacted by the crisis in northeastern Nigeria. Ongoing military operations and insecurity, particularly in areas bordering Nigeria and the Niger, have caused population displacements and disrupted the livelihoods of vulnerable communities. In addition, the economic difficulties related to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have increased humanitarian needs, with nearly 1.61 million people estimated to be in acute food insecurity (Phase 3 and above) during June-August 2021 (Cadre Harmonisé, March 2021). 

Impact on households’ livelihoods

The crisis in Chad, which is linked to insecurity, political instability, cross-border conflict and climate-related shocks, has disrupted households’ livelihoods and led to increased levels of food insecurity and malnutrition. Excessive rains in 2020 triggered localized flooding in the provinces of N’Djamena, Mayo Kebbi Est, Mandoul and in areas bordering the Lake Chad basin, causing human and animal losses and destroying hundreds of thousands of hectares of cultivated land. Severe floods also disrupted supply routes and population movements, adversely affecting households’ livelihoods.

Furthermore, restrictive measures put in place by the Government to contain the spread of COVID-19 have disrupted the functioning of markets and limited income-generating opportunities for many households, thus reducing their purchasing power. Cereal production has steadily declined over the past three years and prices are generally higher compared with the five-year average in the Sahelian zone, which is due to increased transportation costs linked to the containment measures.

FAO’s response

In an already fragile context, exacerbated by the impacts of COVID-19, it is essential to provide  livelihoods assistance to vulnerable farmers and pastoralists, in order to increase their self-reliance, reduce their dependency on humanitarian aid and prevent households from adopting negative coping mechanisms. Under the 2021 Humanitarian Response Plan, FAO is requesting USD 27.44 million to enable 280 000 people to strengthen their resilience through emergency agricultural and livestock production support, vaccination campaigns and the provision of cash transfers. FAO continues to work to build capacity in prevention, detection and response to disease threats with the FAO Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Disease Control in Chad. 

 

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