el Chad

el Chad

In the past

Read more about FAO in emergencies and the crisis in the Lake Chad BasinFor decades, chronic poverty and successive shocks have affected Chadians, causing over 4 million to suffer from food insecurity. The situation is likely to deteriorate further in the second half of 2017 as almost 1 million people are expected to be severely food insecure during the lean season (peak in July-August) ‒ a 58 percent increase from March. Almost half a million of the food insecure are returnees and refugees, and a further 100 000 are IDPs.

The main factors contributing to deteriorating food security in Chad are conflict and instability in neighbouring countries and related population movements, poor terms of trade for pastoralists, the ongoing agricultural lean season, exacerbated by chronic poverty, low economic development and climate variability. Global drop in oil prices has seriously depleted national budgetary resources, which are highly dependent on oil production. The country hosts a large number of refugees due to the continuing civil conflict in neighbouring countries: the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria and the Sudan. The ongoing civil insecurity due to Boko Haram led to large population displacement, compromising the food security of refugees, returnees and host communities in the Lake Chad Basin.

Boosting agricultural production

An estimated 80 percent of Chad’s rural population relies on agriculture as their main source of food and income. While cereal supply in markets is generally above-average (+54 percent) thanks to a successful outcome of the 2016/17 campaign, this is not the case in certain regions (Bahr el-Ghazal, Lac, Kanem and Wadi Fira) due to insecurity. Food security has deteriorated in these areas given the depletion of stocks, early pastoral lean season and reduced household purchasing power as a result of a decrease in animal prices. In the Lac region, populations are adopting negative coping strategies (e.g. selling their animals) that don’t compensate for the deficit in food consumption. In addition, the presence of nearly 200 000 displaced people as a result of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that share meals with host families have caused an early depletion of their food stocks.

Livestock are the backbone of rural livelihoods in Chad, and pastoral livelihoods have been compromised by poor livestock prices and the Nigerian livestock export market halt. In June 2017, a pastoral crisis was declared due to the abnormal deteriorating livestock body conditions and increased mortality in pastoral areas owing to poor pasture and water, following insufficient rains in the Sahelian zone. Herders are forced to travel long distances with their animals, affecting livestock body condition and therefore productivity.

The situation in the Sud and Lac regions is expected to be affected by floods as well as long periods of drought that will in turn affect the 2017/18 agricultural campaign. In particular in the Lac region, the high temperatures registered between March and May are expected to affect cereal production with a decrease of 10 to 15 percent compared with the average. Providing timely agricultural and livelihood support will strengthen the food security and resilience of vulnerable populations.

Under the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan, FAO seeks USD 29.2 million to assist 279 000 people to increase agricultural and livestock production through the provision of inputs, such as seeds, tools, processing units and animal feed, as well as vaccination and capacity building activities.

17/07/2017
 

More about the country

 - Key messages Restoring agricultural livelihoods is a priority to avoid a further deterioration of the food security situation of displaced people and host communities in the coming ...read more
12/07/2017
 - Key Points: Expected seasonal forecast of overall average to slightly below average in the Southern Gulf of Guinea countries. Expected seasonal forecast of overall cumulative rainfall in Sudano-sahelian ...read more
09/06/2017
 - Food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa from 01/06 to 31/08/2017. Compare it with the previous one.
17/05/2017
 - La crisis que afecta a la cuenca del lago Chad tiene sus raíces en décadas de abandono, ausencia de desarrollo rural y en el impacto del ...read more
11/04/2017
 - El Director General de la FAO, José Graziano da Silva, realizó esta semana su primera visita oficial al Chad, en un esfuerzo para llamar urgentemente la ...read more
07/04/2017
 - Key messages Restoring agricultural livelihoods is a priority to avoid a further deterioration of the food security situation of displaced people and host communities in the coming ...read more
06/04/2017
 - Context Boko Haram-related violence in northeastern Nigeria has spilled over to areas of neighbouring Sahelian countries in the Lake Chad Basin – specifically, Cameroon, Chad and the ...read more
31/03/2017
 - Boko Haram-related violence in northeastern Nigeria has spilled over to areas of neighbouring Sahelian countries in the Lake Chad Basin – specifically, Cameroon, Chad and the ...read more
31/03/2017
 - Food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa from 01/03 to 31/05/2017. Compare it with the previous one.
29/03/2017
 - Key highlights The food security and nutrition situation is expected to deteriorate from June 2017 with the depletion of food stocks during the lean season in most ...read more
29/03/2017