The Sahel Crisis, also affecting Senegal, has led to a decline in agropastoral production that has put over 739 000 people at risk of food insecurity. FAO is working with the Government of Senegal to strengthen the livelihoods of the rural population by improving their means of production. The decline in agricultural production and pasture availability in the central, southern and south-eastern regions of the country are likely to continue deteriorating the food and nutrition security situation. FAO is distributing good quality seeds, minerals and vitamins complements and dewormers for livestock and strengthening market linkages to ensure food access and availability.

Strengthening agriculture in response to the crisis

The agriculture sector, also including livestock, forestry and fisheries, is the main source of employment and revenue for about 60 percent of the population. Irregular rainfall, declining soil fertility and relatively low levels of investment in the agriculture sector have led to a decline in production. FAO is distributing rice, millet, maize, cowpeas and watermelon seeds, as well as fertilizer to vulnerable farmers in an effort to increase their production capacity and diversify the food available. FAO is also investing in agriculture by providing important tools for production and processing and supplying good quality seeds to be stored in stocks. Disparities in agricultural production are localized across the country, and FAO focuses its response in the worst affected areas, particularly in the regions of Diourbel, Kaffrine, Kédougou, Kolda, Saint Louis, Sédhiou, Louga, Matam, Tambacounda and Ziguinchor, including the pastoral zones for livestock interventions.

Strengthening resilience through training

Losses in agricultural production have meant that more families are becoming dependant on markets for a greater share of their food needs. FAO is improving the production capacity of households so that they can become less dependent on markets. FAO trains rural communities on better agricultural production practices including fertilizer use, soil fertility and irrigation. By not only providing seeds but training these communities on good vegetable production techniques, FAO is ensuring that they become more resilient to future crises. FAO also introduced the Integrated Management of Production and Predators approach (GIDP) with the use of organic products made by women’s associations.

Supporting the National Early Warning System

Timely and accurate information on the nature and causes of food insecurity and malnutrition are vital to formulate and implement policies and programmes that respond well to crises. FAO participates in the permanent monitoring of food security and nutrition conditions, and is also strengthening the Cadre Harmonisé. Beyond emergency operations, interventions in the medium and longer-term that seek to reverse the cycle of food shortages and crises in Senegal, are also being implemented by FAO.


More about the country

 - Highlights The rainfall situation has improved markedly in most parts of the region. However, some areas particularly the south of Benin, Ghana and Togo, northwest Mali, central more
 - Key Points The pastoral lean season continues despite improved rainfall in end of July 2015 in the pastoral zone.  The agricultural campaign is off to a slow start more
 - Key points The late arrival of rains entail an extension of pastoral lean season and the delay of the start of the cropping season. The FAO Food Price more
 - Food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa from 01/06 to 30/08/2015.
 - L'Essentiel La période de soudure a débuté en Gambie, en Guinée Bissau, au Mali, en Mauritanie, au Niger et au Sénégal, principalement dans les zones ayant souffert more
 - Keys points: Globally good agricultural production in the Sahel and West Africa 2014-2015 campaign. The regional analysis of the Cadre harmonisé in March showed that 4,749,000 persons will more
 - Food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa from 01/03 to 31/05/2015.
 - An analysis of the Harmonized Framework highlights minimal food insecurity in several areas in the region. However, between March and May 2015 ,4,749,000 persons are identified more
 - Key points According to the Cadre Harmonisé analysis, shich took place in february-March 2015, in the three Ebola-affected countries more than 1.2 million people are in need more
 - L'Essentiel Malgré les bonnes perspectives de récoltes en Afrique de l’Ouest, les estimations de production céréalière au Sahel Ouest (Cap-Vert, Gambie, Guinée-Bissau, Sénégal) enregistrent une baisse de more