Sierra Leona

Sierra Leona

In the past

Sierra Leone has made notable progress since the end of its civil war in 2002, yet many people still live below the poverty line, and unemployment, especially among young people, is rife. Around 3.5 million Sierra Leoneans – roughly two-thirds of the country – rely on agriculture, but most just grow enough to feed their families.

The Smallholder Commercialization Programme (SCP) is a Government plan, supported by FAO, to help farmers grow more and varied crops and process and market more of what they produce, putting farmers – and the country – on a path to greater prosperity.

Schools without walls

FAO Sierra Leone continues to support farmer field schools, where farmers – many of them women widowed during the war or young people whose education was disrupted – learn improved cropping techniques and best practices as well as financial management, health and nutrition. These schools are helping re-establish trust within communities torn apart by war.

Creating opportunities

The setting up of agricultural business centres nationwide – places where farmers can buy seeds and fertilizers, rent labour-saving equipment and process, store and market what they harvest – is at the heart of the Government’s SCP. Local farmer-based organizations, many of which started out as farmer field schools, are being supported to run these centres on a cost-recovery basis. With new opportunities in farming, as well as in shop keeping and mechanization, the centres are set to kick-start local economies.

Farming as a viable business

By selling unprocessed paddy rice and fresh cassava tubers, farmers in Sierra Leone have been losing out on profits they could make from milled rice as well as gari (cassava meal) and fufu (boiled and pounded cassava) – popular local foods. FAO Sierra Leone is supporting the Government to equip the agricultural business centres with rice mills, cassava graters and drying floors so that farmers can boost the value and consumer appeal of their goods. Training in group governance and collective marketing, combined with better access to financial services and markets, will help farmers move beyond subsistence farming.

Early warning on food and nutrition security

Sierra Leone is vulnerable to floods, pest infestations and plant disease, which could reverse gains made since the end of the civil war. FAO is supporting the Government to build the capacity of local district councils to develop and put into use an early warning system for food and nutrition security.

Controlling transboundary animal diseases

FAO animal health is building capacity to prevent, detect and respond to disease threats. Activities are implemented by FAO’s Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases (ECTAD) in Sierra Leone and 34 other countries. Many communities rely on animals for their livelihoods as well as their food security and nutrition. When diseases jump from animals to humans they can spread around the world in a matter of hours or days, posing a threat to global health security. FAO is working to reduce the impact of animal diseases on lives and livelihoods, and helping to stop emergence and spread of potential pandemics at source.

 

More about the country

 - See the differences between the two analysis moving the slider. Projected food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa: as for June-August 2019 over 10.6 million ...read more
19/04/2019
 - Food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa: as for March-May 2019. The Cadre Harmonisé analysis covers 18 countries of the region: Benin, Burkina Faso, ...read more
01/04/2019
 - Mr. Salamu Saidu, previous District livestock officer (DLO) since 2005 stepped into the role of District Agriculture Officer (DAO) in 2018. Part of his responsibilities are ...read more
26/03/2019
 - Las guerras civiles y los conflictos han aumentado de manera considerable durante la última década, lo que ha llevado a revertir recientemente la tendencia constante hacia la reducción ...read more
07/08/2018
 - See the differences between the two analysis moving the slider. Projected food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa: as for June-August 2018 over 10.6 million ...read more
17/04/2018
 - See the differences between the two analysis moving the slider. Food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa: as for March-May 2018 over 7.1 million people ...read more
06/04/2018
 - See the differences between the two analysis moving the slider. Projected food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa: as for June-August 2017 over 13.8 million ...read more
17/05/2017
 - Food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa: as for March-May 2017 over 9.6 million people are in phase Crisis and above (CH phase 3, ...read more
29/03/2017
 - See the differences between the two analysis moving the slider. Food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa for October-December 2016. The Cadre Harmonisé analysis covers 17 ...read more
09/10/2016
 - See the differences between the two analysis moving the slider. Food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa for August 2016. The Cadre Harmonisé analysis covers 17 ...read more
16/09/2016