Afganistán (el)

Afganistán (el)

In spite of its rich reserves, Afghanistan is one of the poorest countries in the world. Beyond poverty levels, Afghanistan is also one of the world’s largest and complex humanitarian crisis. Four decades of constant armed conflict, frequent natural disasters and ensuing mass displacements weaken its population’s resilience

Challenges facing agriculture and food security

In 2018, the country faced its most severe drought in 10 years. Many Afghans were unable to provide enough food for their families. El Niño conditions intensified the situation, prompting some of the worst flooding across all regions of the country in more than seven years. These cumulative weather extremes have contributed to the deprivation of key productive assets of vulnerable farmers. An estimated 80 percent of soil is degraded, and where flooding occurred, the land has become increasingly fragile and damaged.

The latest Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) reported that 13.5 million people faced severe acute food insecurity (IPC Phases 3 and 4) between November 2018 and February 2019, 6 million more than last year. Alarmingly, of those severely food insecure, 3.6 million were experiencing Emergency levels (IPC Phase 4). Between January and May 2019, some 116 000 people have been internally displaced due to conflict at the critical time of harvest. Mass distress sale of livestock, high morbidity and mortality of animals and low productivity continue to be a major concern for pastoralists, who make up 70 percent of the population. 

Immediate support to affected populations 

Increased rains could boost crop production for 2019, with expected estimates at 5.1 tonnes above the five-year nationwide average. However, households affected by drought, floods and insecurity that are unable to cultivate – including households with limited or no access to water and agricultural inputs – are likely to continue facing severe food insecurity. To ensure farmers can meet the winter planting season, FAO is focusing its efforts to diversify livelihoods and protect the assets of vulnerable communities. 

Under its 2019 Emergency Livelihoods Response Plan for Afghanistan, FAO seeks USD 35 million to assist 1.4 million people before the winter season (October – December). This Plan combines FAO’s component of the 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan with livelihood activities that will supplement the achievements of the drought response and prevent setbacks in rural households’ path to recovery. The aim is to save livelihoods and build resilience. FAO plans to achieve this goal by: 

  • distributing certified maize and wheat seeds, assorted vegetable seeds and tools, quality fertilizers, poultry kits, concentrated animal feed, fast-growing fodder crop seeds, cash+ assistance (unconditional cash, in-kind inputs and training), animal health campaigns, and training on good agricultural practices and animal husbandry; and
  • supporting disaster risk reduction and management, along with the construction and rehabilitation of community-based water infrastructure through cash-for-work programmes.
 

More about the country

 - This report shares the analysis on the effects of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the agri-food system in Afghanistan based on the assessment conducted during ...read more
25/03/2021
 -  to assist 3.5 million people FAO requires USD 50 million period January–December 2021                                 Four decades of conflict, recurrent natural disasters (most notably droughts and floods) and limited capacity to cope with climate-related ...read more
11/03/2021
 - Protéger et reconstruire les moyens de subsistance des bénéficiaires basés sur l’agriculture.
09/03/2021
 - Afghan farmers attend an eye-opening technical training on wheat cultivation as part of FAO’s emergency wheat cultivation assistance package, comprising certified seed, fertilizer, technical training, and ...read more
21/02/2021
 - FAO helps vulnerable livestock keepers safeguard their livelihood, boost milk production and avoid rural migration in Afghanistan Landholding in Nuristan province of Afghanistan is for the few. ...read more
15/02/2021
 - Women increase their income and improve their family’s food security and nutrition through kitchen gardening thanks to the support provided by FAO in Badakhshan province, Afghanistan Bibi ...read more
09/02/2021
 - Funding to provide time-critical agricultural support to 8 000 food insecure smallholder families Japan has announced today its decision to disburse USD 122.2 million to support humanitarian ...read more
01/02/2021
 - During the second half of 2020, a moderate to strong La Niña phenomenon was registered that is causing extreme weather conditions in various parts of the ...read more
13/01/2021
 - The world is standing on the precipice of the greatest food crisis in generations...
15/12/2020
 - Since 2016, Kotwal village in Chinarto district of Uruzgan province is facing severe security challenges constraining any kind of humanitarian assistance including strict movement restrictions for ...read more
06/12/2020