Afganistán (el)

Afganistán (el)

In spite of its rich reserves, Afghanistan is one of the poorest countries in the world. Beyond poverty levels, Afghanistan is also one of the world’s largest and complex humanitarian crisis. Four decades of constant armed conflict, frequent natural disasters and ensuing mass displacements weaken its population’s resilience

Challenges facing agriculture and food security

In 2018, the country faced its most severe drought in 10 years. Many Afghans were unable to provide enough food for their families. El Niño conditions intensified the situation, prompting some of the worst flooding across all regions of the country in more than seven years. These cumulative weather extremes have contributed to the deprivation of key productive assets of vulnerable farmers. An estimated 80 percent of soil is degraded, and where flooding occurred, the land has become increasingly fragile and damaged.

The latest Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) reported that 13.5 million people faced severe acute food insecurity (IPC Phases 3 and 4) between November 2018 and February 2019, 6 million more than last year. Alarmingly, of those severely food insecure, 3.6 million were experiencing Emergency levels (IPC Phase 4). Between January and May 2019, some 116 000 people have been internally displaced due to conflict at the critical time of harvest. Mass distress sale of livestock, high morbidity and mortality of animals and low productivity continue to be a major concern for pastoralists, who make up 70 percent of the population. 

Immediate support to affected populations 

Increased rains could boost crop production for 2019, with expected estimates at 5.1 tonnes above the five-year nationwide average. However, households affected by drought, floods and insecurity that are unable to cultivate – including households with limited or no access to water and agricultural inputs – are likely to continue facing severe food insecurity. To ensure farmers can meet the winter planting season, FAO is focusing its efforts to diversify livelihoods and protect the assets of vulnerable communities. 

Under its 2019 Emergency Livelihoods Response Plan for Afghanistan, FAO seeks USD 35 million to assist 1.4 million people before the winter season (October – December). This Plan combines FAO’s component of the 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan with livelihood activities that will supplement the achievements of the drought response and prevent setbacks in rural households’ path to recovery. The aim is to save livelihoods and build resilience. FAO plans to achieve this goal by: 

  • distributing certified maize and wheat seeds, assorted vegetable seeds and tools, quality fertilizers, poultry kits, concentrated animal feed, fast-growing fodder crop seeds, cash+ assistance (unconditional cash, in-kind inputs and training), animal health campaigns, and training on good agricultural practices and animal husbandry; and
  • supporting disaster risk reduction and management, along with the construction and rehabilitation of community-based water infrastructure through cash-for-work programmes.
 

More about the country

 - FAO in Afghanistan is implementing two COVID-19 emergency response projects to mitigate the potential adverse impacts of COVID-19 on vulnerable herders, farmers, women-headed households, and agricultural ...read more
24/11/2020
 - To protect the livelihoods of smallholder vulnerable farming families by ensuring livestock survival and enhancing agricultural production.
26/10/2020
 - FAO has been working to support vulnerable farmers in Afghanistan and prevent the spread of COVID-19 in agricultural markets across the country. At Jalalabad’s livestock market, Gholam Rasool, ...read more
15/10/2020
 - Almost three quarters of Uruzgan province’s economy is based on farming and livestock with remaining dependent upon trading and commerce. Uruzgan also happens to be one ...read more
06/10/2020
 - Recurrent droughts and dry spells have severely impacted food security in Afghanistan. In 2018 Daikundi, Farah and Kunar provinces experienced multiple shocks that resulted in increasing food ...read more
06/10/2020
 - Afghanistan is suffering from one of the most severe food crises worldwide. According to the 2020 Global Report on Food Crises, Afghanistan is ranked as the ...read more
03/09/2020
 - FAO’s component of the Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19 The world is standing on the precipice of the greatest food crisis in generations. Worldwide, people and ...read more
17/08/2020
 - To strengthen timely and appropriate food security and livelihoods response by providing an inclusive common coordination platform to humanitarian actors in Afghanistan.
07/07/2020
 - To protect existing household assets and improve livestock production, contributing to improved food security and livelihoods of the most vulnerable drought-affected livestock herders and pastoralists in underserved areas ...read more
05/06/2020
 - Hawa Gul, 42, is a mother of seven children. She lives in Kohak village of Farah district in the western Farah province of Afghanistan, where FAO has ...read more
22/05/2020