el Afganistán

el Afganistán

In spite of its rich reserves, Afghanistan is one of the poorest countries in the world. Beyond poverty levels, Afghanistan is also one of the world’s largest and complex humanitarian crisis. Four decades of constant armed conflict, frequent natural disasters and ensuing mass displacements weaken its population’s resilience

Challenges facing agriculture and food security

In 2018, the country faced its most severe drought in 10 years. Many Afghans were unable to provide enough food for their families. El Niño conditions intensified the situation, prompting some of the worst flooding across all regions of the country in more than seven years. These cumulative weather extremes have contributed to the deprivation of key productive assets of vulnerable farmers. An estimated 80 percent of soil is degraded, and where flooding occurred, the land has become increasingly fragile and damaged.

The latest Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) reported that 13.5 million people faced severe acute food insecurity (IPC Phases 3 and 4) between November 2018 and February 2019, 6 million more than last year. Alarmingly, of those severely food insecure, 3.6 million were experiencing Emergency levels (IPC Phase 4). Between January and May 2019, some 116 000 people have been internally displaced due to conflict at the critical time of harvest. Mass distress sale of livestock, high morbidity and mortality of animals and low productivity continue to be a major concern for pastoralists, who make up 70 percent of the population. 

Immediate support to affected populations 

Increased rains could boost crop production for 2019, with expected estimates at 5.1 tonnes above the five-year nationwide average. However, households affected by drought, floods and insecurity that are unable to cultivate – including households with limited or no access to water and agricultural inputs – are likely to continue facing severe food insecurity. To ensure farmers can meet the winter planting season, FAO is focusing its efforts to diversify livelihoods and protect the assets of vulnerable communities. 

Under its 2019 Emergency Livelihoods Response Plan for Afghanistan, FAO seeks USD 35 million to assist 1.4 million people before the winter season (October – December). This Plan combines FAO’s component of the 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan with livelihood activities that will supplement the achievements of the drought response and prevent setbacks in rural households’ path to recovery. The aim is to save livelihoods and build resilience. FAO plans to achieve this goal by: 

  • distributing certified maize and wheat seeds, assorted vegetable seeds and tools, quality fertilizers, poultry kits, concentrated animal feed, fast-growing fodder crop seeds, cash+ assistance (unconditional cash, in-kind inputs and training), animal health campaigns, and training on good agricultural practices and animal husbandry; and
  • supporting disaster risk reduction and management, along with the construction and rehabilitation of community-based water infrastructure through cash-for-work programmes.
 

More about the country

 - Key messages The deteriorating food security and livelihood situation in Afghanistan has continued into 2019, driven mostly by the combination of widespread hostilities, mass displacements, and slow ...read more
16/09/2019
 - This update, facilitated by the Food Security Information Network and produced under the Global Network Against Food Crises, provides the members of the United Nations Security Council ...read more
05/09/2019
 - Livestock is a major source of rural livelihoods in Afghanistan. The devastating drought that struck various provinces in 2018 hit pastoralists the hardest. In rural areas, ...read more
20/08/2019
 - The Early Warning Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). It ...read more
18/07/2019
 - To strengthen timely and appropriate food security and livelihoods response through an inclusive common coordination platform for humanitarian actors in Afghanistan
02/07/2019
 - The signs of the 2018 drought were evident across various provinces in Afghanistan. Communities who rely on their livestock bear the brunt of the suffering. In ...read more
04/06/2019
 - On 29 May 2019, H.E. Nikolaj Hejberg, Danish Ambassador to Afghanistan, and Mr. Johnny Almestad, Norwegian Minister Counsellor to Afghanistan joined Rajendra Aryal, FAO Country Representative ...read more
04/06/2019
 - An animal feed testing laboratory was recently built within the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock’s General Directorate of Animal Health and Livestock. With the support ...read more
28/05/2019
 - Protéger et rétablir les moyens de subsistance basés sur l’élevage des familles d’agriculteurs vulnérables touchées par la sécheresse.
10/05/2019
 - Four decades of conflict and recurrent natural disasters have debilitated Afghanistan’s institutions and weakened the resilience of its people, making it nearly impossible for communities to ...read more
03/05/2019