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Madagascar

Madagascar

Read more about FAO in emergencies and the locust crisis in MadagascarMore than three-quarters of Malagasy families earn a living from agriculture, but frequent natural disasters – drought in the South, cyclones in the East, locust threats – cut into production and incomes, pushing families into poverty and hunger. A locust plague that began in April 2012 could endanger the livelihoods of 13 million people – roughly 60 percent of the population. Madagascar has some of the highest malnutrition rates in the world, behind Afghanistan and Yemen. Through crop and income diversification, improved agricultural practices and stronger disaster preparedness, FAO is helping Malagasy families produce more and earn more – and reduce their reliance on external aid.

Building resilience to natural disasters

The frequency with which natural disasters strike Madagascar makes it increasingly difficult for farming families to recover. Challenges such as fields repeatedly damaged or destroyed by cyclones and flooding or yields reduced by drought or pest infestations cause greater food insecurity and uncertainty. FAO is working to ensure that families are better equipped to cope with a changing climate. It is expanding storage facilities, prepositioning quality seed in the event of a disaster and strengthening the capacity of local producers to multiply and market quality seed adapted to the country’s different agro-ecological zones. It is also training farmers on improved agricultural techniques and encouraging them to diversify production.

Improving food security in cities

Many of Madagascar’s city dwellers live in poverty, aggravated by political instability, rapid urbanization and unemployment. Some 31 percent of the population in the country’s capital gets by on less than 50 cents a day, with more than half of that used to buy food. Seasonal inflation of staples means that many cannot afford the food they need. FAO is helping families in urban areas diversify and improve the quantity and quality of food produced, working to ensure reliable supplies of high-yielding seeds and introducing micro-irrigation kits for production during the dry season. FAO is also strengthening the capacity of producer organizations to supply fresh and nutritious food to urban markets and is supporting Government efforts to integrate nutritional awareness programmes into primary schools.

Reducing losses from locusts

Madagascar’s southern districts are particularly vulnerable to locust outbreaks, which can be disastrous for food crops and pasture. An ongoing locust crisis is threatening the livelihoods of some 13 million people – nine million of whom rely on agriculture for their living, especially rice farming. FAO is helping to strengthen the country’s ability to prevent and control locust infestations by providing technical assistance in the management and use of pesticides, and supporting ground control operations. Efforts to protect human and environmental health are an important part of the campaign.

 

More about the country

 - Map of the locust situation showing confirmed reports and providing infestation levels by area of Madagascar for the month of June 2014.
25/07/2014
 - Durant la troisième décade de mai 2014, les estimations de FEWS-NET indiquaient que la pluviosité était déficitaire à nulle dans toute la Grande-Île. Cependant, les relevés ...read more
23/07/2014
 - This 2014 mid-year overview provides a snapshot of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) participation in 15 humanitarian appeals. It highlights critical ...read more
19/07/2014
 - Durant la deuxième décade de mai 2014, les estimations de FEWS-NET indiquaient que la pluviosité était déficitaire dans les compartiments Nord-Ouest, Piémont, Hautes-Terres et Betsiboka de ...read more
10/07/2014
 - Durant la première décade de mai 2014, les estimations de FEWS-NET indiquaient que la pluviosité était déficitaire, voire nulle, sur une bande diagonale d’environ 200 km ...read more
08/07/2014
 - En avril 2014, la pluviosité enregistrée a augmenté et les températures dans la Grande-Île ont diminué par rapport à celles du mois de mars 2014. Les ...read more
07/07/2014
 -  Actualités : Le quotidien d’une base aérienne pour la lutte antiacridienne Interview : Un programme de distribution de semences au secours des victimes des criquets Partenariats : Système ...read more
03/07/2014
 - A debriefing on the results of the first locust control campaign (2013/14) of the Three year Programme in response to the locust plague, was held on ...read more
27/06/2014
 - The current Malagasy Migratory Locust plague started in April 2012. Rice, other crops and pasture resources for livestock are at risk of considerable damage by the ...read more
23/06/2014
 - The rainy season in Madagascar is now coming to an end and weather and ecological conditions are becoming unsuitable for locust breeding. Therefore, no further massive ...read more
17/06/2014