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Madagascar

Madagascar

Read more about FAO in emergencies and the locust crisis in MadagascarMore than three-quarters of Malagasy families earn a living from agriculture, but frequent natural disasters – drought in the South, cyclones in the East, locust threats – cut into production and incomes, pushing families into poverty and hunger. A locust plague that began in April 2012 could endanger the livelihoods of 13 million people – roughly 60 percent of the population. Madagascar has some of the highest malnutrition rates in the world, behind Afghanistan and Yemen. Through crop and income diversification, improved agricultural practices and stronger disaster preparedness, FAO is helping Malagasy families produce more and earn more – and reduce their reliance on external aid.

Building resilience to natural disasters

The frequency with which natural disasters strike Madagascar makes it increasingly difficult for farming families to recover. Challenges such as fields repeatedly damaged or destroyed by cyclones and flooding or yields reduced by drought or pest infestations cause greater food insecurity and uncertainty. FAO is working to ensure that families are better equipped to cope with a changing climate. It is expanding storage facilities, prepositioning quality seed in the event of a disaster and strengthening the capacity of local producers to multiply and market quality seed adapted to the country’s different agro-ecological zones. It is also training farmers on improved agricultural techniques and encouraging them to diversify production.

Improving food security in cities

Many of Madagascar’s city dwellers live in poverty, aggravated by political instability, rapid urbanization and unemployment. Some 31 percent of the population in the country’s capital gets by on less than 50 cents a day, with more than half of that used to buy food. Seasonal inflation of staples means that many cannot afford the food they need. FAO is helping families in urban areas diversify and improve the quantity and quality of food produced, working to ensure reliable supplies of high-yielding seeds and introducing micro-irrigation kits for production during the dry season. FAO is also strengthening the capacity of producer organizations to supply fresh and nutritious food to urban markets and is supporting Government efforts to integrate nutritional awareness programmes into primary schools.

Reducing losses from locusts

Madagascar’s southern districts are particularly vulnerable to locust outbreaks, which can be disastrous for food crops and pasture. An ongoing locust crisis is threatening the livelihoods of some 13 million people – nine million of whom rely on agriculture for their living, especially rice farming. FAO is helping to strengthen the country’s ability to prevent and control locust infestations by providing technical assistance in the management and use of pesticides, and supporting ground control operations. Efforts to protect human and environmental health are an important part of the campaign.

 

More about the country

 - Le 9 octobre 2014, dans la plaine de la Betsiboka, Madagascar. De l’hélicoptère, un vol de criquets est repéré par l’équipe de prospection. L’hélicoptère se pose, ...read more
24/10/2014
 - An FAO/WFP Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission (CFSAM), with support from the Ministry of Agriculture (MinAgri), to identify and evaluate factors impacting on agricultural production in 2014, ...read more
23/10/2014
 - Suivant la planification établie lors du lancement du Programme, en 2013, trois campagnes successives devront être menées à terme pour venir à bout de l’invasion acridienne ...read more
23/10/2014
 - Map of the locust situation showing confirmed reports and providing infestation levels by area of Madagascar for the month of August 2014.
21/10/2014
 - En août 2014, la pluviosité à Madagascar était faible, variant de 15 à 50 mm dans l’Aire grégarigène et de 0 à 50 mm dans l’Aire ...read more
16/10/2014
 - A locust plague of the Malagasy Migratory Locust started in April 2012 in Madagascar, threatening rice and maize crops and therefore the food security and livelihoods ...read more
02/10/2014
 - A locust plague that spread across Madagascar threatening the main staple food crops and pasture in the country has been successfully contained, however, progress is under ...read more
02/10/2014
 - Madagascar is prone to natural disasters, including drought, floods, cyclones and locust crises. The current locust plague began in April 2012, following a two-year upsurge that ...read more
22/09/2014
 - En juillet 2014, la pluviosité à Madagascar a diminué par rapport à celle du mois de juin. Par conséquent, le dessèchement des strates herbeuses se poursuivait ...read more
17/09/2014
 - Sur la base d’expériences de précédentes invasions, le Programme triennal de réponse à l’invasion du Criquet migrateur à Madagascar a été conçu de façon à ce ...read more
16/09/2014