Madagascar

Madagascar

Read more about FAO in emergencies and the locust crisis in MadagascarMore than three-quarters of Malagasy families earn a living from agriculture, but frequent natural disasters – drought in the South, cyclones in the East, locust threats – cut into production and incomes, pushing families into poverty and hunger. A locust plague that began in April 2012 could endanger the livelihoods of 13 million people – roughly 60 percent of the population. Madagascar has some of the highest malnutrition rates in the world, behind Afghanistan and Yemen. Through crop and income diversification, improved agricultural practices and stronger disaster preparedness, FAO is helping Malagasy families produce more and earn more – and reduce their reliance on external aid.

Building resilience to natural disasters

The frequency with which natural disasters strike Madagascar makes it increasingly difficult for farming families to recover. Challenges such as fields repeatedly damaged or destroyed by cyclones and flooding or yields reduced by drought or pest infestations cause greater food insecurity and uncertainty. FAO is working to ensure that families are better equipped to cope with a changing climate. It is expanding storage facilities, prepositioning quality seed in the event of a disaster and strengthening the capacity of local producers to multiply and market quality seed adapted to the country’s different agro-ecological zones. It is also training farmers on improved agricultural techniques and encouraging them to diversify production.

Improving food security in cities

Many of Madagascar’s city dwellers live in poverty, aggravated by political instability, rapid urbanization and unemployment. Some 31 percent of the population in the country’s capital gets by on less than 50 cents a day, with more than half of that used to buy food. Seasonal inflation of staples means that many cannot afford the food they need. FAO is helping families in urban areas diversify and improve the quantity and quality of food produced, working to ensure reliable supplies of high-yielding seeds and introducing micro-irrigation kits for production during the dry season. FAO is also strengthening the capacity of producer organizations to supply fresh and nutritious food to urban markets and is supporting Government efforts to integrate nutritional awareness programmes into primary schools.

Reducing losses from locusts

Madagascar’s southern districts are particularly vulnerable to locust outbreaks, which can be disastrous for food crops and pasture. An ongoing locust crisis is threatening the livelihoods of some 13 million people – nine million of whom rely on agriculture for their living, especially rice farming. FAO is helping to strengthen the country’s ability to prevent and control locust infestations by providing technical assistance in the management and use of pesticides, and supporting ground control operations. Efforts to protect human and environmental health are an important part of the campaign.

 

More about the country

 - Diagnostic Durant la 1ère décade de janvier 2016, selon les relevés du Centre national antiacridien et au regard des besoins du Criquet migrateur malgache solitaire, la pluviosité ...read more
11/04/2016
 - Madagascar connaît, depuis 2012, une invasion du Criquet migrateur malgache, Locusta migratoria capito (Saussure, 1884), qui menace dangereusement les productions agropastorales. Afin de répondre à cette ...read more
29/03/2016
 - Locust situation During January 2016, rains have continued in the Outbreak Area, which has resulted in green vegetation cover and suitable weather and ecological conditions for locust ...read more
23/03/2016
 - Diagnostic Durant la 3ème décade de décembre 2015, selon les relevés du Centre national antiacridien et les besoins du Criquet migrateur malgache solitaire, une pluviosité très excessive ...read more
16/03/2016
 - Diagnostic Durant la 2ème décade de décembre 2015, une forte pluviosité (excédentaire pour les besoins du Criquet migrateur malgache solitaire) a été enregistrée dans l’Aire grégarigène transitoire, ...read more
03/03/2016
 - Countries in the Southern African Development Community need to urgently implement a set of agreed-upon measures  to mitigate the effects of El Nino. A strong El ...read more
29/02/2016
 - Les travaux de construction d’un magasin central de stockage de pesticides et de traitement de fûts vides ont démarré à Madagascar. L’inauguration a eu lieu dans la ...read more
26/02/2016
 - The Southern African Development Community (SADC) secretariat will this week convene a two-day multi-sectoral stakeholder consultative meeting to develop a regional preparedness and response strategy to ...read more
24/02/2016
 - Diagnostic Durant la 1ère décade de décembre 2015, malgré une pluviosité erratique et sporadique au niveau de l’Aire grégarigène , les conditions écologiques étaient encore assez favorables ...read more
24/02/2016
 - Comunicado conjunto de Organización de Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura (FAO); Alerta sobre la Seguridad alimentaria en África austral (FEWS NET); Servicio científico de ...read more
12/02/2016