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The humanitarian situation in Mali is still extremely fragile. Given the socio-political instability, particularly in the northern region of the country, and the highest number of floods registered over a period of five years, the lives of over 3 million people have been affected. Approximately 970 000 people are severely food insecure and over 2.3 million people are moderately food insecure.
Furthermore, recent events in the Central African Republic and Northern Nigeria have placed countries such as Mali under additional pressure to absorb thousands of returning thrird country nationals. As a result, an estimated 453 000 people are still displaced.
The agricultural sector and pasture are the most important sectors for people's livelihood, representing 80 percent of the workforce. It is therefore essential for FAO to provide quality seeds, small ruminants and veterinary support to vulnerable families that have lost their assets, in order to reinforce food and nutritional security and quickly increase the resilience capacity of the vulnerable population.
The Sahel crisis has led to fodder deficits, little cereal production (19 percent lower than the 2012/2013 agricultural campaign) and insufficient water for agriculture and livestock production. In order to respond to both immediate needs of the population and structural vulnerabilities, FAO is setting up market gardens with fences, as well as rehabilitating water points and irrigation infrastructure. FAO is also distributing agricultural kits, tools, improved good quality seeds and small ruminants in order for refugees and internally displaced people (IDPs) to restore their livelihoods. To ensure livestock productivity, FAO is distributing feed concentrates and multi-vitamin blocks, provides animal health support and trains pastoralists on good livestock management practices.
With the objective of increasing rehabilitation and resilience, FAO is distributing seeds, restoring vegetable production, increasing access to credit and supporting livestock breeders.
Controlling transboundary animal diseases
The FAO/ECTAD programme is based in Mali and covers the 23 countries of West and Central Africa. Its main objective is to prevent and control transboundary animal disease, as well as to assist governments in better responding to animal health emergencies.
In order to increase and diversify vegetable production, FAO is training beneficiaries on improved agricultural practices and is creating small market gardens. FAO is also providing nutrition education to women and children in order for them to learn how to grow, process, purchase and prepare healthier food. Additionally, it is providing training on horticultural processing and marketing techniques. With the objective of increasing food availability in the market, FAO is supporting producers by faciliting their access to more secure market channels in order for them to trade their products.