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Somalie

Somalie

Thanks to a decent harvest and a strong response from the international humanitarian community, the United Nations declared an end to famine in southern Somalia in early 2012. More than two million people are currently food insecure, down by about 17 percent from early 2012 estimates.

But conditions are still touch-and-go in this arid, conflict-torn country – one of the poorest in the world. If people cannot produce and sell their own food and have the wherewithal to withstand shocks, gains made in improving their food and nutrition security could slip away with the next disaster.

Getting people back on their feet

Most people in Somalia rely on farming and livestock for their food and income, but drought, conflict, displacement, disease and environmental degradation have wiped out many Somalis’ ability to earn a living. One missed planting season or the loss of livestock will push most families deeper into poverty and hunger. That is why FAO Somalia is using cash transfer initiatives in the country’s most vulnerable communities while working to help Somali farmers prepare and sow their fields ahead of the rains, providing them with improved seeds, fertilizers and technical support to boost yields. Likewise, FAO Somalia is vaccinating livestock and ramping up animal health services and disease surveillance and monitoring.

Win-win situation

The combination of high food prices and reduced incomes has hit Somali families hard, but FAO Somalia is working to restore incomes and build stronger local economies. One way is through cash-for-work schemes, which provide vulnerable families with daily wages in exchange for work on community infrastructure – from building feeder roads for easier market access to digging catchments for drinking water and canals for crop irrigation.

Timely information key

Having access to accurate and timely information before, during and after a disaster is essential for quick decision-making. FAO manages the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit, which provides evidence-based analysis of Somali food, nutrition and livelihood security. This analysis helps inform emergency responses but also longer-term planning aimed at making Somali communities more resilient to drought and other shocks.

 

More about the country

 - The gradual recovery and gains made since the end of the famine in 2012 are being lost as poor rains, conflict, trade disruptions and reduced humanitarian ...read more
02/09/2014
 - In 2014, conflicts, natural disasters and extreme weather patterns continue to undermine food and nutrition security around the world, severely affecting those who rely on farming, ...read more
29/07/2014
 - Three United Nations emergency directors have called for more sustained funding for Somalia nearly three year after the worst famine hit the Horn of Africa nation. The ...read more
09/07/2014
 - Somalia’s food security crisis is expected to worsen over the next several months following poor performance of the major rainy season (Gu), shrinking humanitarian assistance and ...read more
07/07/2014
 - Three United Nations emergency directors have called for more sustained funding for Somalia nearly three year after the worst famine hit the Horn of Africa nation. The ...read more
01/07/2014
 - Dominique Burgeon, FAO’s Director, Emergency and Rehabilitation Division has today toured the agency’s new home in the Somali capital, Mogadishu. FAO’s Head of Office a.i. in ...read more
26/06/2014
 - Late rains and erratic weather patterns in Somalia have raised concerns over a worsening of the food security situation, as food stocks from the last poor ...read more
11/06/2014
 - Suffering from the prolonged effects of civil war for nearly twenty years, Somalia’s institutional capacity has been lost and most professional and skilled expertise has left ...read more
11/06/2014
 - Decades of political, social and economic challenges in Somalia have led to critical capacity limitations. The fall of the national governance structures and the reduced institutional ...read more
11/06/2014
 - In April 2012, FAO, WFP and UNICEF launched a Joint Resilience Strategy refocusing modalities of engagement to effectively build up resilience in Somalia. The focus on ...read more
11/06/2014