Recurrent floods, erratic distribution of rainfall and the influx of refugees from neighbouring countries have caused over 1.7 million people to be food insecure.
Irregular and poor rainfall in recent years has led to a reduction of 40 percent of planted areas in Cameroon. Unfavourable rainfall, coupled with obsolete water infrastructure, such as dams, has also caused devastating floods. These climatic hazards have particularly affected the northern regions of the country, resulting in high rates of chronic malnutrition and leaving the population without any resources to produce food in the short term or to cope with future economic or environmental crises
A worsening situation in the Far North region
The Far North region is densely populated and highly vulnerable to food and nutrition insecurity. Food production in this region barely meets the needs of the population. High levels of poverty prevent farming families from increasing their food production.
The situation in Logone-and-Chari department is worse, particularly owing to the drought in 2009 and floods in 2010, and compounded by the 2012 Sahel crisis. The rural population of this department, estimated at 400 000 people, depends primarily on cereal crops, such as maize, sorghum, millet, cowpea and rice. In terms of livestock production, men rear cattle, while small ruminant production is a female-dominated activity.
Boosting food production
The main objective of FAO’s resilience building intervention in the Far North region is to improve food security and protect the livelihoods of vulnerable populations by boosting cereal production through the provision of improved seeds, tools and training.