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Cameroon’s northern regions have experienced three years of either droughts or floods. These recurrent disasters have caused high levels of crop failure, leaving the population with small or non-existent stocks, and resulting in high rates of chronic malnutrition. The 2012 Sahel drought has particularly affected the northern regions of the country, leaving the population without any resources to produce food in the short term, or to cope with any economic or environmental crises in the future.
A worsening situation in the Far North region
The Far North region is very densely populated and vulnerable in terms of food and nutrition security. Food production in this region barely meets the needs of the population. High levels of poverty prevent farming families from increasing food production.
The situation in Logone-and-Chari department is worse, particularly owing to the 2009 drought and floods in 2010, and compounded by the 2012 Sahel crisis. Estimated at 400 000 people, the rural population of this department lives principally on cereal crops such as maize, sorghum, millet, cowpeas and rice. In the field of livestock production, men rear cattle, while small ruminant production is a female-dominated activity.
Boosting food production
The main objective of FAO’s intervention to support resilience in the Far North region is to improve the food security and protect the livelihoods of vulnerable population groups by boosting cereal production through improved seeds, tools and training. FAO is also seeking to ensure the health of small ruminants (sheep and goats) by providing vaccines and organizing vaccination campaigns, as well as distributing animal feed.