le Cameroun

le Cameroun

In the past

Read more about FAO in emergencies and the crisis in the Lake Chad BasinCameroon is facing multiple complex emergencies, mainly in the Far North region due to the Boko Haram insurgency, the secessionist crisis in the North-West and South-West regions as well as the crisis linked to incoming refugees from the Central African Republic in the eastern regions. All three are characterized by armed conflict, significantly affecting the population and exacerbating their vulnerabilities.

The Boko Haram insurgency in the Lake Chad Basin continues to cause large-scale influx of refugees from Nigeria as well as the internal displacement of people within the Far North region. In addition, the eastern part of the country is receiving refugees from the Central African Republic. The crisis in the two Anglophone regions has also affected Cameroon’s population, with spill-over effects on the Littoral and West regions as people seek security. Over 1 million people have been displaced, forcing farmers to abandon their fields and livelihoods, increasing pressure on vulnerable host communities’ already limited natural resources.

Concerning food security situation

Despite a slight decrease in cereal prices and the food assistance provided throughout 2018, food insecurity remains widespread, particularly in the northern part of the country where the effects of drought and floods add to the insecurity and loss of livelihoods. During March–May 2019, 749 430 people are projected to be severely food insecure, while 27 000 children under five will suffer from global acute malnutrition in 2019.

Agricultural activities continue to be severely affected, particularly in the Far North region, by civil unrest that has spread from neighbouring Nigeria and recurrent climate shocks. In the Far North region, livestock rearing activities have also been affected by the crisis, with large numbers of cattle reported to be stolen. In the North-West and South-West regions, where 70 percent of the population relies on agriculture for their livelihoods, increased violence among armed groups and government forces has displaced about 438 000 people.  This has caused a decrease in agricultural production as well as rising prices of basic food commodities such as of maize and haricot beans. Insecurity has also restricted population movements and limited access to markets, which will lead to the depletion of stocks and increase the population’s vulnerability to acute food insecurity.

Boosting food production

In 2019, given reduced agricultural production due to erratic weather conditions and widespread insecurity, vulnerable communities in Cameroon will require agricultural and livelihood support to increase food production and strengthen their resilience. For 2019, under the 2017-2020 Humanitarian Response Plan, FAO requires USD 20 million to respond to the needs of 231 350 crisis-hit farmers, mainly through increased crop, vegetable and livestock production.

As co-lead of the Food Security Cluster, FAO is working to strengthen the resilience of vulnerable populations and support local actors in dealing with shocks. Through data collection and analysis on risks and the coordination of lifesaving assistance, FAO aims not only at improving food security and nutrition but also at enhancing access to information.

Controlling transboundary animal diseases

FAO animal health is building capacity to prevent, detect and respond to disease threats. Activities are implemented by FAO’s Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases (ECTAD) in Cameroon and 34 other countries. Many communities rely on animals for their livelihoods as well as their food security and nutrition. When diseases jump from animals to humans they can spread around the world in a matter of hours or days, posing a threat to global health security. FAO is working to reduce the impact of animal diseases on lives and livelihoods, and helping to stop emergence and spread of potential pandemics at source.

 

Plus sur le pays

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