le Tchad

le Tchad

In the past

Read more about FAO in emergencies and the crisis in the Lake Chad BasinFor decades, chronic poverty and successive shocks have affected Chadians, causing over 4 million to suffer from food insecurity. The situation is likely to deteriorate further in the second half of 2017 as almost 1 million people are expected to be severely food insecure during the lean season (peak in July-August) ‒ a 58 percent increase from March. Almost half a million of the food insecure are returnees and refugees, and a further 100 000 are IDPs.

The main factors contributing to deteriorating food security in Chad are conflict and instability in neighbouring countries and related population movements, poor terms of trade for pastoralists, the ongoing agricultural lean season, exacerbated by chronic poverty, low economic development and climate variability. Global drop in oil prices has seriously depleted national budgetary resources, which are highly dependent on oil production. The country hosts a large number of refugees due to the continuing civil conflict in neighbouring countries: the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria and the Sudan. The ongoing civil insecurity due to Boko Haram led to large population displacement, compromising the food security of refugees, returnees and host communities in the Lake Chad Basin.

Boosting agricultural production

An estimated 80 percent of Chad’s rural population relies on agriculture as their main source of food and income. While cereal supply in markets is generally above-average (+54 percent) thanks to a successful outcome of the 2016/17 campaign, this is not the case in certain regions (Bahr el-Ghazal, Lac, Kanem and Wadi Fira) due to insecurity. Food security has deteriorated in these areas given the depletion of stocks, early pastoral lean season and reduced household purchasing power as a result of a decrease in animal prices. In the Lac region, populations are adopting negative coping strategies (e.g. selling their animals) that don’t compensate for the deficit in food consumption. In addition, the presence of nearly 200 000 displaced people as a result of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that share meals with host families have caused an early depletion of their food stocks.

Livestock are the backbone of rural livelihoods in Chad, and pastoral livelihoods have been compromised by poor livestock prices and the Nigerian livestock export market halt. In June 2017, a pastoral crisis was declared due to the abnormal deteriorating livestock body conditions and increased mortality in pastoral areas owing to poor pasture and water, following insufficient rains in the Sahelian zone. Herders are forced to travel long distances with their animals, affecting livestock body condition and therefore productivity.

The situation in the Sud and Lac regions is expected to be affected by floods as well as long periods of drought that will in turn affect the 2017/18 agricultural campaign. In particular in the Lac region, the high temperatures registered between March and May are expected to affect cereal production with a decrease of 10 to 15 percent compared with the average. Providing timely agricultural and livelihood support will strengthen the food security and resilience of vulnerable populations.

Under the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan, FAO seeks USD 29.2 million to assist 279 000 people to increase agricultural and livestock production through the provision of inputs, such as seeds, tools, processing units and animal feed, as well as vaccination and capacity building activities.

 

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