For decades, chronic poverty and successive shocks have affected Chadians, causing about 4.4 million to suffer from food insecurity, of which over 1 million are severely food insecure. The population has been exposed to recurrent humanitarian crises thus increasing their vulnerability and affecting their resilience. Slow economic growth, extreme inequality, limited access to basic social services, environmental degradation, climate change and the impact of crises in neighbouring countries further exacerbate the humanitarian situation in the country. Over the last two years, the crisis in the Lake Chad Basin has increased population movements in the region, putting pressure on limited resources and worsening intercommunal tensions. The nutrition situation also remains of concern, with over 400 000 people in need of nutrition treatment.
Boosting agricultural production
An estimated 80 percent of Chad’s rural population relies on agriculture as their main source of food and income. The outcome of the 2015/16 agropastoral campaign was 11 percent lower than the previous year, severely affecting farmers’ livelihoods. Despite an expected slight improvement for the outcome of the 2016/17 agricultural campaign, many households will not have the means nor the capacities to access food during the lean season. Furthermore, about 315 000 ha of cropland were damaged in several regions of the Sahelian strip due to plant pests, increasing concerned populations’ vulnerability during the next lean season.
In 2017, providing timely agricultural and livelihood support will strengthen the food security and resilience of vulnerable populations. Under the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan, FAO is seeking USD 29.2 million to assist 279 000 people to increase agricultural and livestock production through the provision of inputs, such as seeds, tools, processing units and animal feed, as well as vaccination and capacity building activities.