Tchad

Tchad

Chronic poverty, years of conflict and severe climatic events, including the 2011/2012 drought in the Sahel which triggered a major food and nutrition crisis, have negatively impacted agricultural and livestock production. The influx of refugees and Chadian returnees fleeing violence in neighbouring countries, particularly the Central African Republic, has put further pressure on the fragile food security situation. FAO is working to strengthen the livelihood capacities of the most vulnerable households to ensure they are able to fulfil their basic needs.

Boosting agricultural and pastoral production

Poor rainfall distribution during the 2013 rainy season caused significant cereal deficits in the country’s Sahel region, weakening the livelihoods of the already vulnerable population. Decreased cereal and fodder production have led many families to rely on markets to access both food for themselves and feed for their livestock. Persistently high prices, however, mean that many households are unable to afford the food they need. FAO is providing the necessary seeds and tools that will help restore agricultural production throughout the country.

Pastoralists in areas with heavy fodder deficits face a higher risk of livestock starvation and death, contributing to the reduction in their production capacity, and consequently their purchasing power. To prevent these losses, FAO is providing emergency feed, vaccinating livestock and reinforcing local market access to sell animal products, so that these pastoralists do not lose their capital.

Various crises in the region have led thousands of returnees to lose their productive means and capital during displacement. Communities hosting IDPs, refugees and returnees also struggle to cope with already scarce natural resources. FAO is providing these groups with good quality seeds and tools to reinforce their production capacity and ensure they will be able to provide for themselves.

Supporting home gardening

Many households in Chad are suffering from malnutrition, which is the combined result of food unavailability, food inaccessibility resulting from chronic poverty and a limited understanding of nutrition. FAO is supporting the promotion of off-season garden agriculture to assist Sudanese refugees and other vulnerable populations in the country’s Sahel region by increasing nutritious food consumption and providing additional income. FAO also works on landscaping of home gardening perimeters to give women access to land.

Strengthening coordination and information systems

Chad has an information gap in timely food security data availability that slows down response preparation and does not allow for timely quality actions. FAO is involved in building an efficient food security information system based on national and local capacities in order to assess humanitarian needs early enough to provide relevant and efficient assistance. Strengthening food security information systems is necessary to avoid delays in the humanitarian response.

Delays in appropriate responses to crisis can also be reduced through better response coordination within the humanitarian community. FAO, which co-leads the Food Security Cluster in Chad with the World Food Programme, is working to strengthen the Cluster’s coordination mechanism while building the capacity of partners to respond to recurrent crises.

 

More about the country

 - L'Essentiel La période de soudure a débuté en Gambie, en Guinée Bissau, au Mali, en Mauritanie, au Niger et au Sénégal, principalement dans les zones ayant souffert d'un déficit de pluies pendant la campagne ...read more
04/06/2015
 - Points essentiels : Des productions agricoles globalement satisfaisantes au Sahel et en Afrique de l’Ouest pour la campagne 2014-2015. Selon l’analyse régionale du Cadre harmonisé de mars 2015, ...read more
11/05/2015
 - Food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa from 01/03 to 31/05/2015.
13/04/2015
 - L’analyse du Cadre Harmonisé fait ressortir une insécurité alimentaire minimale dans plusieurs zones de la région.Toutefois, entre mars et mai 2015, 17 zones du Cap-Vert, de ...read more
10/04/2015
 - L'essentiel Selon l’analyse du Cadre Harmonisé (CH) réalisé en février-mars 2015 sur les trois pays affectés par l’Ebola, réalisé en février-mars 2015, plus de 1,2 millions de ...read more
25/03/2015
 - L'Essentiel Malgré les bonnes perspectives de récoltes en Afrique de l’Ouest, les estimations de production céréalière au Sahel Ouest (Cap-Vert, Gambie, Guinée-Bissau, Sénégal) enregistrent une baisse de ...read more
20/02/2015
 - Près de 20 millions de personnes sont toujours affectées par l’insécurité alimentaire au Sahel, et sont susceptibles de voir leur situation se détériorer rapidement au cours ...read more
13/02/2015
 - Food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa from 01/01 to 31/03/2015.
18/12/2014
 - L'Essentiel Les prévisions régionales de production agricole sont en hausse par rapport à la moyenne des cinq dernières années. Ce niveau de production cache des disparités d’un ...read more
15/12/2014
 - Les dernières indications confirment que la production céréalière mondiale devrait atteindre un niveau record de plus de 2,5 milliards de tonnes en 2014. Dopée par des conditions ...read more
12/12/2014