Haïti

Haïti

In the past

Read more about FAO in emergencies and the Hurricane MatthewOne of the poorest and least developed countries in the western hemisphere, it is prone to natural disasters – from drought and flooding to seasonal hurricanes and tropical storms. The complex humanitarian context remains fragile due to the persistence of cholera, the binational mixed migration crisis with the Dominican Republic and the impact of the 2015-2016 El Niño phenomenon, which has aggravated the food security situation and further exposes the county to the risk of hurricanes and flooding. Recurrent droughts during the past three years and back-to-back emergencies make it difficult for many Haitians to rebound. An estimated 2.1 million people – of a population of 10.9 million – are in need of urgent humanitarian assistance and 62 600 people are still displaced from the 2010 earthquake. FAO seeks to help Haitians to produce food, earn money and become more resilient to face the next disaster.

The impact of El Niño

Over two-thirds of Haitians depend on agriculture as their main source of food and income, therefore when a disaster strikes, it can wipe out a household’s means to make a living. The country is experiencing one of the worst droughts for the third consecutive year that has been aggravated by the 2015-2016 El Niño phenomenon. This has severely hit agriculture production with an estimated 50 percent decline in crop production compared with the five-year average. Furthermore, due to prolonged drought conditions for three planting seasons, food and seed stocks were depleted as seeds were consumed. As a result, farmers were unable to plant and food availability is being sustained by higher imports, namely of rice and wheat, increasing prices and making it difficult for families to afford to purchase food.

According to the latest Integrated Food Security Phase Classification, 38 communes in the country ‒ of 145 ‒ are in Phase 3 (Crisis) and 3.6 million people are food insecure, of which 1.5 million is severely food insecure (Emergency Food Security Assessment, December 2015) and including 600 000 people that base their livelihoods exclusively on agriculture.

Rebuilding livelihoods

Given limited harvests during the last cropping seasons and the lack of agriculture inputs, supporting households’ purchasing power and ensuring their ability to produce food are FAO’s main strategies to mitigate the effects of the drought.

Under the 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan, FAO is appealing for USD 7.9 million to assist 175 000 people with planting material to enable families to resume agricultural production. More specifically, FAO will: (i) organize seed fairs and distribute quality seeds and agricultural inputs; (ii) provide training on nutrition and good agricultural practices to improve the resilience of farming families and rural communities to climate change and natural disasters; (iii) strengthen the operational capacity of seed multiplier groups to improve seed security; and (iv) build water tanks for micro-irrigation to improve water availability for both agriculture activities and pasture.

Save

Save

Save

Save

Save

Save

Save

Save

Save

Save

Save

Save

Save

Save

Save

 

Plus sur le pays

 - FAO has mobilized USD 300 000 from its Special Fund for Emergency and Rehabilitation Activities – Agricultural Inputs Response Capacity (SFERA-AIRC) – thanks to the financial ...en lire plus
14/09/2017
 - Apporter une assistance agricole d’urgence aux ménages vulnérables affectés par la sécheresse dans les trois communes d’Artibonite.
20/07/2017
 - To improve the food security and livelihoods of vulnerable populations affected by drought in the Nord-Ouest and Sud-Est departments.
16/06/2017
 - Depuis que l'ouragan Matthew s'est abattu sur Haïti en octobre dernier, le nombre de personnes touchées par les souffrances liées à la faim et se retrouvant en ...en lire plus
15/06/2017
 - Southern Haiti was severely hit by Hurricane Matthew in October 2016. Thousands of livestock died in the disaster, and those that survived are often sick. Livestock is the main source ...en lire plus
15/06/2017
 - Renforcer la protection des moyens de subsistance des populations vulnérables par la mise en place des mécanismes d’atténuation de l’insécurité alimentaire.
06/06/2017
 - Il y a six mois, Haïti était violemment frappée par l’ouragan Matthew. Ici, comme dans les autres départements du grand sud du pays, des gens sont ...en lire plus
10/04/2017
 - Par Justine Texier - Voilà nous sommes arrivés à Torbeck, une commune du Sud d’Haïti, qui il y a six mois était violemment frappée par l’ouragan ...en lire plus
24/03/2017
 - Près de 900 acheteurs pourront acheter trois marmites de semences (soit 9 kilos) à la foire aux semences organisée par la FAO dans la commune d’Ennery, ...en lire plus
23/03/2017
 - Une foire aux semences est un type particulier de système de coupons dans le cadre duquel un marché occasionnel est organisé pour permettre à de petits ...en lire plus
23/03/2017