Sénégal

Sénégal

The Sahel Crisis, also affecting Senegal, has led to a decline in agropastoral production that has put over 739 000 people at risk of food insecurity. FAO is working with the Government of Senegal to strengthen the livelihoods of the rural population by improving their means of production. The decline in agricultural production and pasture availability in the central, southern and south-eastern regions of the country are likely to continue deteriorating the food and nutrition security situation. FAO is distributing good quality seeds, minerals and vitamins complements and dewormers for livestock and strengthening market linkages to ensure food access and availability.

Strengthening agriculture in response to the crisis

The agriculture sector, also including livestock, forestry and fisheries, is the main source of employment and revenue for about 60 percent of the population. Irregular rainfall, declining soil fertility and relatively low levels of investment in the agriculture sector have led to a decline in production. FAO is distributing rice, millet, maize, cowpeas and watermelon seeds, as well as fertilizer to vulnerable farmers in an effort to increase their production capacity and diversify the food available. FAO is also investing in agriculture by providing important tools for production and processing and supplying good quality seeds to be stored in stocks. Disparities in agricultural production are localized across the country, and FAO focuses its response in the worst affected areas, particularly in the regions of Diourbel, Kaffrine, Kédougou, Kolda, Saint Louis, Sédhiou, Louga, Matam, Tambacounda and Ziguinchor, including the pastoral zones for livestock interventions.

Strengthening resilience through training

Losses in agricultural production have meant that more families are becoming dependant on markets for a greater share of their food needs. FAO is improving the production capacity of households so that they can become less dependent on markets. FAO trains rural communities on better agricultural production practices including fertilizer use, soil fertility and irrigation. By not only providing seeds but training these communities on good vegetable production techniques, FAO is ensuring that they become more resilient to future crises. FAO also introduced the Integrated Management of Production and Predators approach (GIDP) with the use of organic products made by women’s associations.

Supporting the National Early Warning System

Timely and accurate information on the nature and causes of food insecurity and malnutrition are vital to formulate and implement policies and programmes that respond well to crises. FAO participates in the permanent monitoring of food security and nutrition conditions, and is also strengthening the Cadre Harmonisé. Beyond emergency operations, interventions in the medium and longer-term that seek to reverse the cycle of food shortages and crises in Senegal, are also being implemented by FAO.

 

More about the country

 - Projected Food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa from 01/06 to 30/08/2015.
21/04/2015
 - Food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa from 01/03 to 31/05/2015.
13/04/2015
 - L’analyse du Cadre Harmonisé fait ressortir une insécurité alimentaire minimale dans plusieurs zones de la région.Toutefois, entre mars et mai 2015, 17 zones du Cap-Vert, de ...read more
10/04/2015
 - L'Essentiel Malgré les bonnes perspectives de récoltes en Afrique de l’Ouest, les estimations de production céréalière au Sahel Ouest (Cap-Vert, Gambie, Guinée-Bissau, Sénégal) enregistrent une baisse de ...read more
20/02/2015
 - Près de 20 millions de personnes sont toujours affectées par l’insécurité alimentaire au Sahel, et sont susceptibles de voir leur situation se détériorer rapidement au cours ...read more
13/02/2015
 - Food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa from 01/01 to 31/03/2015.
18/12/2014
 - L'Essentiel Les prévisions régionales de production agricole sont en hausse par rapport à la moyenne des cinq dernières années. Ce niveau de production cache des disparités d’un ...read more
15/12/2014
 - Les dernières indications confirment que la production céréalière mondiale devrait atteindre un niveau record de plus de 2,5 milliards de tonnes en 2014. Dopée par des conditions ...read more
12/12/2014
 - Le 17 octobre dernier l’Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS) a officiellement déclaré la fin de l’épidémie du virus Ebola au Sénégal. Les efforts du pays ...read more
03/12/2014
 - Au Sénégal, où les taux d’insécurité alimentaire et de malnutrition sont encore élevés dans certaines localités, l’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture (FAO) appuie ...read more
01/12/2014