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Sénégal

Sénégal

The Sahel Crisis, also affecting Senegal, has led to a decline in agropastoral production that has put over 739 000 people at risk of food insecurity. FAO is working with the Government of Senegal to strengthen the livelihoods of the rural population by improving their means of production. The decline in agricultural production and pasture availability in the central, southern and south-eastern regions of the country are likely to continue deteriorating the food and nutrition security situation. FAO is distributing good quality seeds, minerals and vitamins complements and dewormers for livestock and strengthening market linkages to ensure food access and availability.

Strengthening agriculture in response to the crisis

The agriculture sector, also including livestock, forestry and fisheries, is the main source of employment and revenue for about 60 percent of the population. Irregular rainfall, declining soil fertility and relatively low levels of investment in the agriculture sector have led to a decline in production. FAO is distributing rice, millet, maize, cowpeas and watermelon seeds, as well as fertilizer to vulnerable farmers in an effort to increase their production capacity and diversify the food available. FAO is also investing in agriculture by providing important tools for production and processing and supplying good quality seeds to be stored in stocks. Disparities in agricultural production are localized across the country, and FAO focuses its response in the worst affected areas, particularly in the regions of Diourbel, Kaffrine, Kédougou, Kolda, Saint Louis, Sédhiou, Louga, Matam, Tambacounda and Ziguinchor, including the pastoral zones for livestock interventions.

Strengthening resilience through training

Losses in agricultural production have meant that more families are becoming dependant on markets for a greater share of their food needs. FAO is improving the production capacity of households so that they can become less dependent on markets. FAO trains rural communities on better agricultural production practices including fertilizer use, soil fertility and irrigation. By not only providing seeds but training these communities on good vegetable production techniques, FAO is ensuring that they become more resilient to future crises. FAO also introduced the Integrated Management of Production and Predators approach (GIDP) with the use of organic products made by women’s associations.

Supporting the National Early Warning System

Timely and accurate information on the nature and causes of food insecurity and malnutrition are vital to formulate and implement policies and programmes that respond well to crises. FAO participates in the permanent monitoring of food security and nutrition conditions, and is also strengthening the Cadre Harmonisé. Beyond emergency operations, interventions in the medium and longer-term that seek to reverse the cycle of food shortages and crises in Senegal, are also being implemented by FAO.

 

More about the country

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 - HIGHLIGHTS Despite the 2013 harvest in the Sahel being equivalent to the last five years average, more than 25 million people remain food insecure in 2014. The ...read more
03/04/2014
 - L’essentiel: La situation de sécurité alimentaire se dégrade dans certaines régions du Mali, de Mauritanie, du Niger, du Sénégal et du Tchad suite à une période de ...read more
05/03/2014
 - HIGHLIGHTS Despite the 2013 harvest in the Sahel being equivalent to the last five years average, more than 20 million people are still food insecure. The agricultural ...read more
25/02/2014
 - Introduction 2005, 2008, 2010, 2012: Acute food and nutrition crises affect millions of people across the Sahel due to a combination of drought, high grain prices, environmental ...read more
19/02/2014
 - L'ONU et ses partenaires humanitaires ont lancé aujourd'hui un Plan triennal d'intervention stratégique pour venir en aide à des millions d'habitants de neuf pays de la ...read more
03/02/2014
 - The food and nutrition situation in the Sahel is still of concern with the impact of recent crises in 2005, 2008, 2010 and 2012 holding back ...read more
03/02/2014
 - HIGHLIGHTS Despite the 2013 harvest in the Sahel being equivalent to the last five years average, more than 20 million people are still food insecure. The agricultural ...read more
03/02/2014
 - L'essentiel: La campagne de contre-saison se poursuit normalement dans la région Les prix des céréales restent en général stables ou en baisse comparés aux mois précédents mais demeurent ...read more
31/01/2014
 - L'essentiel: Selon les résultats du Cadre Harmonisé, 13 millions de personnes sont en insécurité alimentaire (Burkina Faso, Gambie, Niger, Sénégal, Mauritanie, Côte d’Ivoire et Tchad) et ce ...read more
19/12/2013