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Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone

Read more about FAO in emergencies and the Ebola outbreak in West AfricaSierra Leone has made notable progress since the end of its civil war in 2002, yet many people still live below the poverty line, and unemployment, especially among young people, is rife. Around 3.5 million Sierra Leoneans – roughly two-thirds of the country – rely on agriculture, but most just grow enough to feed their families.

The Smallholder Commercialization Programme (SCP) is a Government plan, supported by FAO, to help farmers grow more and varied crops and process and market more of what they produce, putting farmers – and the country – on a path to greater prosperity.

Schools without walls

FAO Sierra Leone continues to support farmer field schools, where farmers – many of them women widowed during the war or young people whose education was disrupted – learn improved cropping techniques and best practices as well as financial management, health and nutrition. These schools are helping re-establish trust within communities torn apart by war.

Creating opportunities

The setting up of agricultural business centres nationwide – places where farmers can buy seeds and fertilizers, rent labour-saving equipment and process, store and market what they harvest – is at the heart of the Government’s SCP. Local farmer-based organizations, many of which started out as farmer field schools, are being supported to run these centres on a cost-recovery basis. With new opportunities in farming, as well as in shop keeping and mechanization, the centres are set to kick-start local economies.

Farming as a viable business

By selling unprocessed paddy rice and fresh cassava tubers, farmers in Sierra Leone have been losing out on profits they could make from milled rice as well as gari (cassava meal) and fufu (boiled and pounded cassava) – popular local foods. FAO Sierra Leone is supporting the Government to equip the agricultural business centres with rice mills, cassava graters and drying floors so that farmers can boost the value and consumer appeal of their goods. Training in group governance and collective marketing, combined with better access to financial services and markets, will help farmers move beyond subsistence farming.

Early warning on food and nutrition security

Sierra Leone is vulnerable to floods, pest infestations and plant disease, which could reverse gains made since the end of the civil war. FAO is supporting the Government to build the capacity of local district councils to develop and put into use an early warning system for food and nutrition security.

 

More about the country

 - Pour les exploitants agricoles et responsables des Centres d'Agri-Business (ABC) en Sierra Leone, les mesures de quarantaine, l’interdiction des activités de groupe et la fermeture des ...read more
22/01/2015
 - STRATEGIC RESPONSE The Food Security and Nutrition Working Group – of which FAO supports the secretariat – recommends the following actions: (i) re-open key periodic markets under ...read more
16/01/2015
 - Réponse stratégique La priorité absolue de la FAO et de tous les partenaires de l’ONU est d’endiguer l’épidémie et de mettre un terme aux pertes tragiques en ...read more
16/01/2015
 - HIGHLIGHTS Rice production is estimated to decline by 12 percent, 8 percent and 3.7 percent in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea, respectively. The sub - national level impact ...read more
05/01/2015
 - Outre ses conséquences sanitaires en Afrique de l’Ouest, l’épidémie de la maladie à virus Ebola (MVE) est aussi à l'origine de multiples perturbations économiques et sociales ...read more
19/12/2014
 - HIGHLIGHTS The Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak resulted in a serious shock to the agriculture and food sectors in 2014. The epidemic started spreading when crops were ...read more
17/12/2014
 - The number of people facing food insecurity due to the Ebola epidemic in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone could top one million by March 2015 ...read more
17/12/2014
 - Le nombre de personnes confrontées à l'insécurité alimentaire en raison de l'épidémie d'Ebola en Guinée, au Libéria et en Sierra Leone pourrait dépasser un million d'ici ...read more
17/12/2014
 - Les dernières indications confirment que la production céréalière mondiale devrait atteindre un niveau record de plus de 2,5 milliards de tonnes en 2014. Dopée par des conditions ...read more
12/12/2014
 - La Guinée, le Libéria et la Sierra Leone, les pays les plus touchés par l'épidémie d'Ebola, recevront chacun un demi-million de dollars pour réduire l'impact potentiellement dévastateur de cette maladie sur ...read more
03/12/2014