l'Iraq

l'Iraq

The protracted conflict and ongoing economic crisis in Iraq has left 3.2 million people in need of food security support, including those who depend on agriculture for their livelihoods. Violence continues to force people to abandon farms, causing the displacement of more than 3.17 million people and destroying or damaging harvests, equipment, supplies, livestock, seeds, crops and stored food. Water shortages and the lack or high cost of agricultural inputs continue to negatively affect the performance of the sector. Families report limited livelihood opportunities, which reduces their purchasing power and restricts their access to the public distribution system – an important social safety net that entitles Iraqis to receive rations of flour, rice and cooking oil from the government.

Since the start of the military operations against Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in October 2017, more than 3.2 million Iraqis are reported to be displaced across the country. The level of displacement throughout Iraq remains concerning and humanitarian needs remain significant, despite recently retaken areas in Ninewa Governorate from ISIL. Cumulatively, over 1 million people were displaced from Ninewa Governorate and over 329 600 have returned so far. Swift returns were also reported in Hawiga district in southern Kirkuk Governorate, despite the presence of explosive hazards. As populations return to their homes, displacement picks up in west Anbar Governorate following the resumption of military operations.

The effect of the unilateral referendum on Kurdish independence could likely escalate instability and tensions within the country. Residents in host communities continue to be impacted by the country’s economic situation and wages for government employees continue to be delayed. Herders who are unable to feed their livestock are forced to abandon or sell them, decreasing their herd size. Infrastructure such as water supplies for agricultural and domestic use has been damaged or destroyed. Heavy contamination of retaken areas with unexploded ordnance and improvised explosive devices poses immediate and long-term risks for the environment and the people, including herders and farmers.

The protection of people’s remaining animal assets is essential to enable herders to maintain productive livestock activities that will improve food security and self-reliance. Veterinary care is critical to contain and avoid outbreaks of livestock diseases. Therefore, FAO launched an animal health campaign in Ninewa where participants receive skills and livelihoods training and employment opportunities while at the same time rehabilitating agricultural infrastructure. FAO’s priority interventions include:

  • Support emergency food and livestock production through seeds, fertilizer, agricultural machinery and equipment and livestock support such as vaccination, animal feed, restocking and disease surveillance, diagnosis and reporting.
  • Restore agricultural assets through cash-for-work activities, support to local markets and rehabilitation of irrigation systems, water supply, productive assets and community infrastructure.
  • Ensure protection of child labour in agriculture through awareness raising, education and advocacy, identification and promotion of labour saving technologies (e.g. equipment, tools and machinery) and farmer field school trainings and demonstrations.
 

Plus sur le pays

 - Ongoing FAO emergency and resilience activities in Iraq.
17/11/2017
 - La FAO a lancé une campagne de santé animale d'urgence dans la région de Mossoul, récemment reprise aux mains de l'Etat Islamique (EI). La campagne vise ...en lire plus
23/10/2017
 - FAO has launched an emergency animal health campaign across Iraq’s Mosul area, which was recently retaken from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). ...en lire plus
23/10/2017
 - The agriculture sector is vital to Iraq’s economy and has been the second largest contributor to the country’s gross domestic product (GDP). The Islamic State of ...en lire plus
11/09/2017
 - Many vulnerable rural families in Iraq can now benefit from a safer, more secure means of receiving income thanks to mobile money transfer technology adopted for the first ...en lire plus
02/08/2017
 - Highlights 3.2 million people in Iraq are food insecure, including those who depend on agriculture for their livelihoods. Violence continues to force people to abandon their farms and ...en lire plus
03/07/2017
 - Thousands of vulnerable Iraqis and Syrian refugees will profit from agricultural training and support thanks to a new project by the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization. ...en lire plus
22/06/2017
 - Des centaines d'irakiens vulnérables et de réfugiés syriens tireront profit de nouvelles initiatives agricoles, destinées à protéger leurs moyens d'existence, grâce à un projet de l'Organisation ...en lire plus
20/06/2017
 - Thousands of vulnerable Iraqis and Syrian refugees will profit from agricultural training and support thanks to a new project by the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization. ...en lire plus
20/06/2017
 - During the first week of June 2017, 2,400 people (400 households) from 150 villages in Iraq received 9,600 hens, poultry feeding and drinking equipment, and 80 ...en lire plus
20/06/2017