le Yémen

le Yémen

Read more about FAO in emergencies and the crisis in Yemen In 2019, Yemen is still the worst humanitarian crisis in the world. The country has become increasingly unstable since the conflict escalated dramatically in mid-March 2015, severely disrupting the economy, including the agriculture sector, collapsing essential services and exhausting coping mechanisms.

More than 20 million Yemenis are food insecure, including nearly 10 million who are on the brink of famine and starvation. Two-thirds of all districts in the country are already pre-famine. A first-ever assessment in the country confirmed that 65 000 people are already in advanced stages of hunger and extreme food deprivation. More alarmingly are the 238 000 people in IPC Phase 5 who will face similar conditions if food assistance is slightly disrupted.

Millions of Yemenis engaged in agriculture lack access to critical inputs and are now at higher risk, and less able to cope, than at any stage of the conflict. The rapid depreciation of the Yemeni riyal during the last quarter of 2018 hindered vulnerable families’ purchasing power, leaving millions without food and fuel and putting them at further risk. Nearly USD 50 billion of estimated cumulative losses has been reported.

Price pressures were most felt on core commodities. Fuel prices soared by 200 percent in 2018 compared to pre-crisis prices, impacting agriculture, water supply, transport, electricity, health and sanitation services. Agricultural production and fishing, employing nearly 70 percent of the workforce, have shrunk by a third. More than 80 percent of Yemenis now live below the poverty line, an increase of one-third since the conflict began.

Yemen is largely dependent on imports from international markets to satisfy domestic consumption, in addition to wheat – its main staple. This is heavily impacting local agricultural production and marketing. As a consequence, the supply and distribution of locally produced food to markets is poor, causing devastating effects on livelihoods and the nutrition situation.

Although only a small proportion of food is produced domestically, nearly two-thirds of Yemenis derive their livelihoods from agriculture. FAO is working with partners in the Food Security and Agriculture Cluster to increase access to food for highly vulnerable families across the country and to increase household incomes and rehabilitate food security assets in areas with high levels of food insecurity.

FAO’s priority interventions are to:

  • Increase food and livestock production, and income diversity of vulnerable households through cash activities (including cash-for-work, cash transfers and cash+ assistance), provision of agricultural inputs, animal feed and beekeeping kits, vaccinating and treating livestock, restocking of small ruminants, homestead-based poultry production and dairy processing equipment.
  • Rehabilitate agricultural infrastructure and irrigation systems by restoring facilities and sites, and provision of drip irrigation system and accessories, greenhouse kits and solar pumps.
  • Strengthen coordination for effective humanitarian response through Famine Risk Management assessments and/or IPC, cash programmes, conflict-sensitivity and monitoring, capacity building and technical assistance, food security and nutrition information generation, analysis and reporting, disease surveillance and control, joint programmes and early warning and actions.
 

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